Aniello John Dellacroce
March 15, 1914
New York City, U.S.
|Died||December 2, 1985 (aged 71)|
New York City, U.S.
|Resting place||St. John Cemetery, Queens|
|Other names||Mr. Neil, Father O'Neil, The Tall Guy|
|Conviction(s)||Contempt of court (1971)|
Tax evasion (1973)
|Criminal penalty||One year imprisonment|
Five years' imprisonment and $15,000 fine
Aniello John "Neil" Dellacroce (March 15, 1914 – December 2, 1985), was an American mobster and underboss of the Gambino crime family. He rose to the position of underboss when Carlo Gambino moved Joseph Biondo aside. Dellacroce was a mentor to Gambino boss John Gotti.
Dellacroce was born on March 15, 1914, in New York City to Francesco and Antoinette Dellacroce, first generation immigrants from Italy. He grew up in the Little Italy section of Manhattan. His nickname was "Neil", an Americanization of "Aniello".
Dellacroce had one brother, Carmine, and was married to Lucille Riccardi.
As a teenager, Dellacroce became a butcher's assistant, but work was scarce and he took to crime. He was jailed once for petty theft. Dellacroce sometimes walked around Manhattan dressed as a priest and called himself "Father O'Neil" to confuse both the police and rival mobsters. Dellacroce allegedly committed a murder dressed as a priest. He also allegedly used a body double for some public events.
In the late 1930s, Dellacroce joined the Mangano crime family, forerunner of the Gambino family, and soon became involved with underboss Albert Anastasia. After the disappearance of longtime boss Vincent Mangano, Anastasia became family boss and promoted Dellacroce to capo. Due to his square-shaped face, some Gambino members nicknamed him "the Polack"—a nickname never used within his earshot.
Dellacroce later became mentor to John Gotti. Dellacroce bought the Ravenite Social Club in Little Italy, which soon became a popular Gambino social club and Dellacroce's headquarters. On October 25, 1957, gunmen murdered Anastasia in a Manhattan hotel barbershop. Carlo Gambino took over the family.
According to records from the Knapp Commission, which investigated police corruption in a number of industries beginning in 1970, Dellacroce and other mobsters were involved in after-hours bars that catered to homosexuals in the West Village, Manhattan.
In 1971, Dellacroce was sentenced to one year in state prison on contempt charges for refusing to answer grand jury questions about organized crime. On May 2, 1972, Dellacroce was indicted on federal tax evasion charges. In return for labor peace, the Yankee Plastics Company of New York gave Dellacroce 22,500 stock shares worth $112,500. He was indicted on a failure to pay federal income tax on these stocks. In March 1973, Dellacroce was convicted of tax evasion and sentenced to five years in prison and fined $15,000.
On October 15, 1976, Carlo Gambino died at home of natural causes. Against expectations, he had appointed Paul Castellano to succeed him over his underboss Dellacroce. Gambino appeared to believe that his crime family would benefit from Castellano's focus on white collar businesses. Dellacroce, at the time, was imprisoned for tax evasion and was unable to contest Castellano's succession.
Castellano's succession was confirmed at a meeting on November 24, with Dellacroce present. Castellano arranged for Dellacroce to remain as underboss while directly running traditional Cosa Nostra activities such as extortion, robbery, and loansharking. While Dellacroce accepted Castellano's succession, the deal effectively split the Gambino family into two rival factions.
On February 25, 1985, Dellacroce was indicted along with the leaders of the other New York Five Families as part of the Mafia Commission Trial. On March 28, 1985, Dellacroce, along with his son Armand and eight others, was indicted on federal racketeering charges regarding the activities of two crews in New York and Long Island. On July 1, 1985, Dellacroce and the other New York Mafia leaders, pleaded not guilty to a second set of racketeering charges as part of the trial.
After Dellacroce died of cancer on December 2, 1985, Castellano revised his succession plan: appointing Thomas Bilotti as underboss, while making plans to break up Gotti's crew. Infuriated by this, and Castellano's failure to attend Dellacroce's wake, Gotti resolved to kill his boss.
When Frank DeCicco tipped Gotti off that he would be having a meeting with Castellano and several other Gambino mobsters at Sparks Steak House on December 16, 1985, Gotti chose to take the opportunity. The evening of the meeting, when the boss and underboss arrived, they were ambushed and shot dead by assassins under Gotti's command. Gotti watched the hit from his car with Gravano.
In April 1988, Dellacroce's son, Armond, died while hiding in the Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania. He had been convicted of racketeering and had failed to appear for sentencing in March. The cause of death was listed as cirrhosis and a cocaine overdose.
In the TV movie Getting Gotti (1994), Dellacroce is portrayed by Peter Boretski. In the TV movie Gotti (1996), Dellacroce is portrayed by Anthony Quinn. In the TV movie Boss of Bosses (2001), he is portrayed by Dayton Callie. Stacy Keach portrays Dellacroce in the John Gotti biopic Gotti (2018), directed by Kevin Connolly and starring John Travolta as Gotti. In the TV series Kingpin (2018), he is portrayed by Ralph Bracco.
- Raab, p. 354.
- Blumenthal, Ralph (December 4, 1985). "ANIELLO DELLACROCE DIES AGE 71; REPUTED CRIME-GROUP FIGURE". New York Times. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "Aniello 'Mr. Neil' Dellacroce" Archived May 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Seize the Night
- Selwyn Raab (2005). Five Families. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 9781429907989.
- Berger, Meyer (October 26, 1957). "Anastasia Slain in a Hotel Here; Led Murder, Inc". The New York Times.
- "Aniello Dellacroce" La Cosa Nostra Database
- Feds Tracked Mob Control of Gay Bars into the 1980s Duncan Osborne, Gay City News (August 30, 2018)
- Lubasch, Arnold H. (May 3, 1972). "Reputed Crime Leader Indicted for Tax Evasion" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "MAFIA FIGURE GETS 5-YEAR SENTENCE" New York Times March 13, 1973
- Gage, Nicholas (October 16, 1976). "Carlo Gambino, a Mafia Leader, Dies in His Long Island Home at 74". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- O'Brien, Kurins, pp. 104–105
- Davis, p. 176
- O'Brien, Kurins, pp. 106–108
- Lubasch, Arnold H. (February 27, 1985). "U.s. Indictment Says 9 Governed New York Mafia" – via NYTimes.com.
- "THE CITY; Reputed Deputy In Mob Is Indicted" New York Times March 29, 1985
- "11 Plead Not Guilty to Ruling Organized Crime in New York". The New York Times. July 2, 1985. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
- Neill "The Hat" Dellacroce Find a Grave
- Davis, pp. 263–266
- Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 97
- Maas, pp. 321–322
- Davis, pp. 272–273
- Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 102–104
- "Fugitive in a Mafia Case Turns Up Dead" New York Times April 7, 1988
- Capeci, Jerry. The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia. Indianapolis: Alpha Books, 2002. ISBN 0-02-864225-2
- Jacobs, James B., Christopher Panarella and Jay Worthington. Busting the Mob: The United States Vs. Cosa Nostra. New York: NYU Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8147-4230-0
- Maas, Peter. Underboss: Sammy the Bull Gravano's Story of Life in the Mafia. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997. ISBN 0-06-093096-9
- Raab, Selwyn. Five Families: The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empires. New York: St. Martin Press, 2005. ISBN 0-312-30094-8
- Rosen, Charley (2003). The Wizard of Odds: How Jack Molinas Almost Destroyed the Game of Basketball. New York: Seven Stories Press. ISBN 1-58322-562-5.
- United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. Organized Crime: 25 Years After Valachi: Hearings Before the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs. 1988. 
| Gambino crime family
1965–1985 (shared with Paul Castellano 1974–1976)