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He was born Andrew Olden (Ray was his father's stage name) in Southgate, Middlesex, the son of the radio comic Ted Ray and his wife, showgirl Dorothy Sybil (née Stevens). Ray's life was transformed at the age of 10 when he was cast in the title part of The Mudlark, a 20th Century Fox film starring Alec Guinness and Irene Dunne. He played a street urchin who ends up meeting Queen Victoria. The film was chosen as the Royal Command Performance in 1950.
He was featured in numerous films during the next few years, including The Yellow Balloon (1953), Escapade (1955), Woman in a Dressing Gown (1957), The Young and the Guilty (1958), Serious Charge (1959) with Cliff Richard, Twice Round the Daffodils (1962), and The System (1964). He also portrayed Herbert Pocket in the ITC remake of Charles Dickens's Great Expectations (1974) opposite Michael York. His later films included Rough Cut (1980), The Bunker (1981), Pope John Paul II (1984) and Paris by Night (1988).
Ray subsequently appeared in numerous film, theatre and television roles over the years, including as nuclear scientist Klaus Fuchs for Anglia Television and as King George VI in Crown Matrimonial on stage and television. So successful was his depiction on stage of the stammering George VI that he was cast in the same role (though then Prince Albert, Duke of York) in the television series Edward & Mrs. Simpson (1978).
He starred in six episodes of television series Tales of the Unexpected, "The Wrong 'Un", "Royal Jelly", "Poison", "The Way To Do It", "The Best Chess Player in the World" and "Accidental Death". He also appeared in Upstairs, Downstairs, Inspector Morse, and Peak Practice.
- The Mudlark (1950) - Wheeler - the Mudlark
- The Yellow Balloon (1953) - Frankie
- Escape by Night (1953) - Joey Weston
- A Prize of Gold (1955) - Conrad
- Escapade (1955) - Max Hampden
- Woman in a Dressing Gown (1957) - Brian Preston
- Gideon's Day (1958) - P.C. Farnaby Green
- The Young and the Guilty (1958) - Eddie Marshall
- Serious Charge (1959) - Larry Thompson
- Twice Round the Daffodils (1962) - Chris Walker
- Der Schwur des Soldaten Pooley (1963) - Ginger
- The System (1964) - Willy
- Rough Cut (1980) - Pilbrow
- Death of an Expert Witness (1983) - Clifford Bradley
- Paris by Night (1988) - Michael Swanton
- Inspector Morse (1992) - Alfred Rydale
- "Andrew Ray". BFI. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012.
- "Daily Express". andrewray.org.uk.
- Ray, Ted (real name Charles Olden) entry, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography URL= http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-64577 Date accessed= 13 February 2019
- Dennis Barker. "Obituary: Andrew Ray". the Guardian.
- "Andrew Ray - Movies and Filmography - AllMovie". AllMovie.
- "Susan Olden". the Guardian.
- The Broadway League. "Andrew Ray - IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". ibdb.com.
- "Andrew Ray". Telegraph.co.uk. 23 August 2003.
- Tom Vallance Obituary: Andrew Ray, The Independent, 26 August 2003
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Andrew Ray's obituary on the British Equity website. Accessed 1 January 2008.
- "Obituary: Robin Ray". The Independent.