He is identified with the proconsul of Africa proconsularis who, in 302, received a rescript (an answer to a request for clarification that Julianus had sent) from emperor Diocletian, which ordered the suppression of the Manichees in Africa, accused of being in contact with the Sasanian Empire.
It has been proposed that the Julianus who was proconsul of Africa could have been active in 296–297 and that he was put to death by Maximian on fabricated treason charges; the rebel in Africa should be, therefore, linked to Sabinus Julianus, a usurper in Africa recorded in Aurelius Victor's Caesares 39.22.
Some recent prosopographical studies have tried to reconstruct his family ties. According to these studies, Julianus, probably born around 270, was son of Sextus Anicius Faustus Paulinus, consul in 298, and younger brother of Sextus Anicius Faustus Paulinus, consul in 325. He married Caesonia Manilia (born ca 275), daughter of Lucius Caesonius Ovinius Rufinus Manilius Bassus (or Rufinius), consul in 280; they had Amnius Manius Caesonius Nicomachus Anicius Paulinus Honorius, consul in 334.
- Collectio 15.3; Simon Corcoran, The empire of the tetrarchs: imperial pronouncements and government, AD 284–324, Oxford University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-19-815304-X, p. 135.
- Bruce, L.D., "Diocletian, the Proconsul Iulianus and the Manichaeans", in C. Deroux, Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History, iii (Collection Latomus, 180; Brusselles), 336–347.
- "Iulianus 23" Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume 1, pp. 473–4.
- Christian Settipani, Les Ancêtres de Charlemagne (France: Éditions Christian, 1989).
- Christian Settipani, Continuite Gentilice et Continuite Familiale Dans Les Familles Senatoriales Romaines, A L'Epoque Imperiale, Mythe et Realite. Linacre, UK: Prosopographica et Genealogica, 2000. ILL. NYPL ASY (Rome) 03-983.
- Christian Settipani, Continuité gentilice et continuité familiale dans les familles sénatoriales romaines à l’époque impériale: mythe et réalité, Prosopographica et Genealogica vol. 2 (Linacre College, Oxford, 2000), Addenda et Corrigenda
Fl. Iulius Crispus Caesar II,
Fl. Claudius Constantinus Caesar II,
Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus VI,
Valerius Licinianus Licinius Caesar II
| Consul of the Roman Empire
with Petronius Probianus