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|Alveolar lateral ejective fricative|
The alveolar lateral ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, reported in the Northwest Caucasian languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɬʼ⟩.
Features of the alveolar lateral ejective fricative:
- Its manner of articulation is fricative, which means it is produced by constricting air flow through a narrow channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
- Its place of articulation is alveolar, which means it is articulated with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, termed respectively apical and laminal.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
- The airstream mechanism is ejective (glottalic egressive), which means the air is forced out by pumping the glottis upward.
[ɬʼ] occurs in the reconstructed Proto-Semitic language.