|Alfa Romeo 2000|
Alfa Romeo 2000 Spider Touring
|Assembly||Italy: Portello Plant, Milan (Berlina)|
|Designer||Giorgetto Giugiaro at Bertone (Sprint)|
Carlo Felice Bianchi Anderloni at Touring (Spider)
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Alfa Romeo 2600|
|Engine||2.0 L I4|
|Length||4,710 mm (185.4 in)|
4,496 mm (177.0 in)
|Width||1,700 mm (66.9 in)|
1,650 mm (65.0 in)
|Height||1,430 mm (56.3 in)|
1,320 mm (52.0 in)
|Kerb weight||1,178–1,337 kg (2,597–2,948 lb)|
|Predecessor||Alfa Romeo 1900|
|Successor||Alfa Romeo 2600|
The Alfa Romeo 2000 (officially known as Tipo 102, Italian for Type 102) is a luxury car produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1958 and 1962, as a successor to the 1900 Super. It was replaced in 1962 by the Alfa Romeo 2600.
The 2000 was presented in 1957 at the Turin Motor Show, with 4-door, 6-seater saloon Berlina body. Production started in 1958, and the car was available as Berlina or Spider convertible. In 1960, the Sprint coupé was added. The 2000 Berlina had gearbox operated via column-mounted shifter making space for three people in front. The two grand touring versions had the gear lever located in floor, and a higher output engine. Until 1961, when 2+2-seater became available, the Spider was a pure two-seater. The last 2000s were built in 1962, when the more powerful six-cylinder Alfa Romeo 2600 was phased in.
The 2000 Spider looked somewhat different in the United States from other markets: on European cars, the bonnet scoops were mounted apart from each other, rather than together and separated by a chrome piece as on American-market cars. European cars also received twin chrome strips along the lower flanks, whereas US cars only have a single strip.
The 2000 used unibody construction and a conventional front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout. The engine was an enlarged version of the 1900´s inline-four displacing 1975 cc. The cast iron block and aluminium head engine produced 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 5300 rpm in Berlina using a single downdraft Solex carburettor, while the version on the Sprint and Spider produced 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5700 rpm with two Solex sidedraft carburettors and a higher compression ratio. Two chain-driven overhead camshafts operated two poppet valves per cylinder. Power was sent to the rear wheels through a 5-speed gearbox, with synchromesh on all forward speeds.
Front wheel suspension was independent, with double wishbones, the rear used a solid axle. On all four wheels there were coil springs and telescopic dampers. Brakes were drums, with a hydraulic system. Tyres 165HR400 Pirelli Cinturato CA67
|Model||Displacement||Compr. ratio||Power||Top speed|
|Berlina||1,975 cc||8.25:1||105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 5300 rpm||161 km/h (100 mph)|
|Spider/Sprint||8.5:1||115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5700 rpm||177 km/h (110 mph)|
The four-door Berlina was manufactured by Alfa Romeo itself, while the Spider and Sprint were designed and bodied by independent coachbuilders, respectively Touring and Bertone. Being expensive but not particularly fast, the 2000 was a slow seller, in particular the Berlina which was outsold by the Spider. The more powerful 2600 which replaced the 2000 was better able to deal with more refined competitors such as the Lancia Flaminia.
The Brazilian variant of the 2000 was produced from 1960 to 1968 by Fábrica Nacional de Motores. It had the same 1975 cc engine with 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp). The car used the name FNM "JK", JK standing for the president of Brazil Juscelino Kubitschek, the name was later changed to FNM 2000.
In 1966 two other models were introduced, the "Onça" coupe and the "2000 TiMB" (Turismo Internazionale Modello Brasile), which produced up to 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp). The TiMB had a flat bonnet, coupled with a divided front bumper necessary to accommodate the now lower-mounted Alfa Romeo centre grille.
The FNM 2000 was replaced with FNM 2150 in 1969, it had a bigger engine and revised styling, using the smooth bonnet of the TiMB. For 1971 the 2150 was facelifted, with a more squat version of the traditional Alfa Romeo grille which also allowed for a single-piece front bumper. By 1974 the Alfa Romeo Alfetta-lookalike FNM Alfa Romeo 2300 "Rio" replaced the 2150. This version was still based on the older Alfa Romeo 1900, despite looking like the more modern Alfetta.
- "Diciannove automobili presentate in prima mondiale al Valentino" [Nineteen car world premieres at Valentino]. La Stampa (in Italian). 29 October 1957. p. 2. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "Lot number 34: 1962 Alfa Romeo 2000 Spider by Touring". Sotheby's Arizona (Auction Catalogue). RM Auctions. 2014-01-16. Archived from the original on 2019-08-22.
- "Alfa Romeo 2000". motorbase.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 26 October 2007.
- "Alfa Romeo 2000 Spider". motorbase.com/. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 26 October 2007.
- Fusi, Luigi (1978). Alfa Romeo—Tutte le vetture dal 1910—All cars from 1910 (3rd ed.). Milan: Emmeti Grafica editrice. pp. 539–548.
- "FNM". cuorialfisti.com (in Italian). Archived from the original on 6 June 2007. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
- "The Alfa Romeo Rio, or Alfa Romeo 2300". xs4all.nl. Retrieved 28 June 2008.[permanent dead link]
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