|King of Macedon|
|King of Macedon|
|Mother||Eurydice I of Macedon|
Although he had already attained his majority, Alexander was very young when he ascended to the throne in 369 BC. This caused immediate problems for the new king as enemies to the dynasty resumed war. Alexander simultaneously faced an Illyrian invasion from the north-west and an attack from the east by the pretender Pausanias. Pausanias quickly captured several cities and threatened the queen mother, who was at the palace in Pella with her young sons. Alexander defeated his enemies with the help of the Athenian general Iphicrates, who had been sailing along the Macedonian coast on the way to recapture Amphipolis.
At the request of the Thessalian Aleuadae, Alexander intervened in a civil war in Thessaly. He successfully gained control of Larissa and several other cities but, betraying a promise he had made, put garrisons in them. This provoked a hostile reaction from Thebes, the leading military power in Greece at the time. The Theban general Pelopidas drove the Macedonians from Thessaly. He then neutralized Alexander by favoring the ambitions of Alexander's brother-in-law Ptolemy of Aloros, and forced Alexander to abandon his alliance with Athens in favor of Thebes. As part of this new alliance, Alexander had to hand over hostages, including his younger brother Philip.
- Smith, William (2005) . A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. Vol 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
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- Rickard, J. "Alexander II of Macedon, r.369-368/7 BC". www.historyofwar.org. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
- Hammond, Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière (1993). Collected Studies. Adolf M. Hakkert.
- "Alexander II King of Macedonia". www.american-pictures.com. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
- Hanson, Victor Davis (2007-12-18). Carnage and Culture: Landmark Battles in the Rise to Western Power. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-307-42518-8.
- Historia: Zeitschrift Für Alte Geschichte. University of California: F. Steiner. 1991.
- Wheatley, Pat; Hannah, Robert (2009). Alexander & His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes : a Companion to Crossroads of History: the Age of Alexander; Alexander's Empire: Formulation to Decay. Regina Books. ISBN 978-1-930053-58-8.
Alexander II of MacedonBorn: Unknown Died: 368 BC
| King of Macedon