Akhlaq Ur Rehman Kidwai (1 July 1921 – 24 August 2016) was an Indian chemist and politician. He served as governor of the states of Bihar, West Bengal and Haryana. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament, from 1999 to 2004. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award.
Early life and education
He was born in 1921 in Baragaon village of Barabanki district in Uttar Pradesh to father, late Ashfaqur Rehman Kidwai and mother, late Nasim-un-nisa.He was married to the late Jamila Kidwai, and as a result of their marriage, they were blessed with six children, two sons and four daughters.
Political and public career
Dr. Kidwai started his professional career as the Professor and head of Department of Chemistry and Dean of Faculty of Science at Aligarh Muslim University, India. Kidwai then went on to become the Chairman of Union Public Service Commission-UPSC, Government of India from 1974 to 1977. He was Governor of Bihar twice, from 1979 to 1985 and 1993 to 1998 and Governor of West Bengal from 1998 to 1999.
Kidwai was a member of the Rajya Sabha from January 1999 to July 2004. He was the Governor of Haryana from 7 July 2004 to 27 July 2009. After Pratibha Patil's resignation as Governor of Rajasthan in June 2007, he was asked to take over that position as well, serving as Governor of the state until S. K. Singh took office on 6 September 2007.
In addition to his political career, he has been a champion for promoting research and development and elevating the status of women by education and self-reliance. He served as the chairman of the Institute of Marketing and Management, New Delhi and President of Vocational Education Society for Women.
Dr. Kidwai served as a member of the following national committees, organizations and institutions:
- National Committee on Science and Technology, 1968–75.
- Perspective Science and Technology Plan Committee of the Department of Science and Technology and the Planning Commission.
- Council and the Governing Body of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) 1970–73.
- Board of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Governing Bodies of Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow and Central Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad.
- Regional Imbalances Enquiry Commission, Jammu and Kashmir State, 1979.
- State Planning Board and Heavy Industries Plan Committees, Government of Uttar Pradesh.
- University Grants Commission (UGC) and Chairman of the Central Universities Review Committee, 1985–86.
- Central Advisory Board of Education.
- Central Council of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
- Committee on New Education Policy, 1986 and Chairman of its Sub-Committee on Non-Formal Methods of Education.
- Member and Patron Delhi Public School Society (1968-continued).
- Honorary Fellow of the Institution of Engineers, India.
- Chairman, Review Committee on Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health, Government of India.
- Chairman, Selection Board of Scientists Pool (1968–79).
- Chairman of the Board of Assessment of Educational and Technical Qualification for Employment, Ministry of Education, Government of India (1967–79).
- The American, British and Indian Chemical Societies.
- American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Awards and honors
- Biographical information on Kidwai Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, legislativebodiesinindia.gov.in
- Biographical information on Kidwai Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, governor.bih.nic.in
- A R Kidwai chosen for Padma Vibhushan Archived 8 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Oneindia news, Tuesday, January 25, 2011, 22:01 [IST]
- "Pratibha Patil`s resignation accepted", zeenews.com, 22 June 2007.
- "S.K. Singh takes oath as Governor of Rajasthan", PTI (The Hindu), September 6, 2007.
- List of Padma Awardees, Online edition of The Hindu Newspaper, Wednesday, Jan 26, 2011
- "PM, Sonia, CMs condole A.R. Kidwai’s death | The Indian Awaaz". theindianawaaz.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2016.
| Union Deputy Minister, Railways
1974 – 1976
| Union Deputy Minister, Commerce
1976 – 1977
Justice K.B.N. Singh (acting)
| Governor of Bihar
1979 – 1985
Mohammad Shafi Qureshi
| Governor of Bihar
1993 – 1998
Sunder Singh Bhandari