|Date of birth||19 December 1958|
|Place of birth||Tayibe, Israel|
|Knessets||15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|2003–||Deputy Speaker of the Knesset|
Ahmad Tibi (Arabic: أحمد ��لطيبي, Arabic pronunciation: [ˈ(ʔ)æħmæd (atˤ)ˈtˤiːbi], Hebrew: אחמד טיבי, Hebrew pronunciation: [ˈʔaħmed tiːbi], sometimes spelled Ahmed Tibi; born 19 December 1958) is an Arab-Muslim Israeli politician and leader of the Arab Movement for Change (Ta'al), an Arab party in Israel. He has served as a member of the Knesset (the Israeli Parliament) since 1999, and currently serves as one of ten Deputy Speakers of the Knesset, representing the Arab Israeli MK block. Tibi was acknowledged as a figure in the Israeli-Palestinian arena after serving as a political advisor to the late Palestinian president Yasser Arafat (1993–1999). He describes himself as Arab-Palestinian in nationality, and Israeli in citizenship.
Tibi is also a trained physician and graduate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem as a gynecologist.
Early life and career
Tibi was born in Tayibe, Israel, a town about 16 km (10 mi) east of the Mediterranean coast north of Tel Aviv, in 1958. His father, Kamal Tibi, was born in Jaffa. His grandfather was born in Damascus, Syria, where most of his relatives still live.
Tibi studied medicine at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, graduating with honors in 1983. He began a residency as a gynecologist at Hadassah Hospital in 1984, but in 1987, he was involved in a violent incident with a security guard that led to his dismissal. Tibi had walked past a security checkpoint when the guard, a recent American immigrant named David Rothstein who had just been hired, ordered Tibi to let him inspect his briefcase after he had walked past the guard booth, assuming the guard would recognize him. Tibi refused, which led to a physical struggle between him and Rothstein for the briefcase. Moments later, Rothstein's superior arrived and broke it up. He identified Tibi as a doctor, and ordered him released. Tibi then swung the briefcase at Rothstein's head, causing a wound that bled profusely and required four stitches to close, and walked away, leaving Rothstein bleeding on the floor. Tibi claimed that Rothstein had tried to slap him across the mouth as they disengaged, which Rothstein denied. The hospital director, Dr. Jacques Michel, subsequently questioned Tibi, Rothstein, and a few witnesses over the incident, then fired Tibi without conducting a formal inquiry. A hospital spokeswoman said that Michel felt that to strike a man and leave him injured on the floor was such a grave and violent act for a doctor to commit as to warrant dismissal.
During his studies, Tibi had also become involved in politics. In the 1980s, he made connections with prominent Palestinian activists. He attended PLO meetings around the world, and in 1984, he met Yasser Arafat in Tunis, at a time when meeting PLO members was still a criminal offense in Israel. Tibi was questioned by police several times, subjected to a stay of exit order from Israel, and arrested once.
Tibi served as a political advisor to Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat from 1993 to 1999, representing the Palestinians at the 1998 Wye River negotiations. He resigned from this post in 1999 upon deciding to run for the Knesset. Tibi described his relationship with Arafat as "close" and "extremely interesting and important to [him]".
In 2002, MK Michael Kleiner initiated actions in the Knesset to restrict movements by Tibi inside the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Kleiner claimed that Tibi was assisting the Palestinians in their war against Israel. Tibi protested the Knesset's decision as unconstitutional and illegal under Israeli law, and appealed to the Supreme Court of Israel, which deferred a decision on the case.
Ahead of Israel's 2003 elections, several politicians, including the heads of the National Union and National Religious Party, sought to have Tibi banned from standing again as candidate; the official motion to disqualify him was filed by Likud MK Michael Eitan, who argued that beside his history as adviser to Arafat, Tibi had supported Palestinian terror throughout the Intifadas and used his immunity as MK since his election to further Palestinian interests. Eitan's motion passed in the Israeli Central Elections Committee by one vote. However, the Supreme Court of Israel rejected the Committee's arguments, unanimously overturning the ban, and Tibi was elected as part of a joint list of Ta'al and Hadash. Before the 2006 elections, Tibi took his Ta'al party out of the Hadash coalition and joined the United Arab List (UAL). After retaining his seat, he became a Deputy Speaker of the Knesset. He was re-elected on the joint UAL–Ta'al list in the 2009 and 2013 elections.
Inside and outside Israel, Tibi is acknowledged as an effective parliamentarian and advocate for Palestinians who live in Israel and the territories it controls. He was the first Arab member of the Knesset to succeed in passing legislation under his own name against opposition, including an August 2012 law regularizing compensation given by airlines to their customers for delayed or cancelled flights. In 2008, he initiated the establishment of the Parliamentary inquiry committee for the employment of Arabs in the public sector, serving as its chairman until 2012. He was favored several times in media surveys of the Arab-Palestinian population in Israel as the most popular Arab member of the Knesset and cited as best public speaker in the Knesset by parliamentary reporters. As of September 2014, Tibi remains Deputy Speaker and UAL-Ta'al Parliamentary Group Chairman. He is a member of the House Committee and the Finance Committee.
Tibi is an anti-Zionist. He supports an Israeli withdrawal to the pre-1967 green lines and a two-state solution, with a Palestinian state established alongside Israel. He also opposes Israel's character as a Jewish state, claiming that its self-definition as Jewish is racist, and favors Israel becoming a "state of all its citizens". Accordingly, he supports removing icons that represent the special status of the Jewish majority, including the Law of Return, the flag, and the national anthem. He opposes the recruitment of Arab citizens of Israel into the IDF. Tibi also supports the "Palestinian right of return", calling it a prerequisite for reconciliation, but has stated that he believes only a small percentage of Palestinian refugees would actually choose to move to Israel. Speaking to a March 3, 2018, London conference titled "Is President Trump legalizing the occupation?", the lawmaker denounced the recent Trump administration decision to move the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem in May.
During the April 2019 Israeli elections, Tibi was frequently brought up by PM Netanyahu who used the slogan "It's either Bibi or Tibi" - a phrase which was criticized by Tibi and opponents of Netanyahu as playing on Jewish fears of Arab involvement in the Israeli political process to cast the election as a false dichotomy between returning Netanyahu as prime minister or allowing Arab Israelis to join a government.
Tibi continues to be considered controversial in the Israeli politics mainly due to his wide relations with Palestinian and Arab parties, and his speeches in the Knesset. However, Tibi is also known for having pronounced a moving speech to commemorate Holocaust Day in 2010 at the Israeli Knesset. Yair Lapid reported on Israel's Channel 2: "Knesset elders claim that it might have been the best speech ever given in the Israeli Parliament."
- "Ahmad Tibi". Knesset. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Friedman, Thomas L.; Times, Special To the New York (8 September 1987). "Doctor's Dismissal Spurs Israel Clash" – via NYTimes.com.
- Gil Ronen (4 April 2008). "Analysis: MK Ahmed Tibi – Profile of a Brilliant Enemy". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "ח"כ ישראלי או שגריר פלשתינאי". 3 December 2002 – via Haaretz.
- "Movement Restrictions on MK Dr. Al-Tibi". Arab Association for Human Rights. 2 June 2002. Archived from the original on 15 December 2004.
- Yair Ettinger; Moshe Reinfeld; Daniel Sobleman (3 November 2002). "Court delays ruling on Tibi petition over travel limitations". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Gideon Alon; Yair Ettinger (19 December 2002). "Eitan to propose nixing Tibi's Knesset bid". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "Poll ban on Arab Israelis lifted". BBC News. 9 January 2003. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Davidovich-Weissberg, Gabriela (13 November 2012). המהפכות הצרכניות שעברו בכנסת הנוכחית ואלו שמחכות לאחר הבחירות [Consumer Right Revolutions Passed in the Current Knesset and Those Waiting in the Next]. TheMarker (in Hebrew). Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- The Knesset, State of Israel
- מדינת כל לאומיה [State of all peoples]. Haaretz (in Hebrew). 10 February 2005. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Alia Al Ghussain. (4 March 2018). "US Jerusalem move is 'official adoption of Israeli narrative'". Al Jazeera website Retrieved 4 March 2018.
- "Bibi or Tibi: Netanyahu campaign draws accusations of incitement". Ynetnews.
- "Think About It: 'Bibi or Tibi'". The Jerusalem Post.
- Tobin, Jonathan (14 March 2019). "Bibi or Tibi?". Intermountain Jewish News.
- "Bibi or Tibi?". Haaretz. 27 May 2010.
- Schwartz, Yardena (10 September 2019). "Why Bibi Fears Arab Voters".
- on YouTube
- Ahmad Tibi on the Knesset website
- on 's channelYouTube
- Tibi's Facebook page
- "Q&A with Ta'al MK Ahmed Tibi". Haaretz. 2 September 2003. Archived from the original on 4 September 2004.
- "A double identity". The Jerusalem Post. 21 April 2008.[dead link]
- Ahmad Tibi (5 February 2008). "The Future of Palestinian-Israeli Negotiations: Is Peace Still Possible?". The Jerusalem Fund for Education and Community Development. Transcript of remarks at The Palestine Center, Washington, D.C.
- on YouTube by Leon Charney on The Leon Charney Report
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