|Died||6 February 2001|
|Spouse(s)||Malik Taj Mirza|
|Children||Naser Ali Hilaly|
Yawar Ali Hilaly
Agha Hilaly (1911 – 6 February 2001) (Urdu: آغا هلالی) was one of Pakistan's senior most diplomats who held several high offices in the Government of Pakistan, including Pakistan's Ambassador to the United States from 21 October 1966 to 20 October 1971.
Career and family background
Hilaly was born in 1911 in Bangalore. He joined the Indian Civil Service in 1936 at the age of 25, and opted for Pakistan during the independence of Pakistan in 1947 and settled in Pakistan along with his family in 1947. As the Government of Pakistan was in the process of establishing its foreign service cadre, all officers of the Civil Service of Pakistan that succeeded the Indian Civil Service were encouraged to join the new cadre. Hilaly was one of the first to do so and played an important role in shaping the strategic dimensions of Pakistan's foreign policy. He was Pakistani Ambassador to the Scandinavian countries with residence in Stockholm from 1956 to 1959. In 1959 he was appointed Ambassador to Moscow and concurrently to Prague, till 1961, when he was assigned to India. While representing Pakistan at the United Nations and serving as Ambassador to the United States. In the latter position, he facilitated the secret visit of US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to China, a fact acknowledged by President Richard Nixon. His younger brother Agha Shahi also an ICS officer followed in his footsteps and rose to be Foreign Minister of Pakistan. One of their uncles Sir Mirza Ismail served as Diwan Prime Minister of the princely state of Mysore, Jaipur and Hyderabad, India from 1926 to 1947. His nephew Akbar Mirza Khaleeli was a prominent Indian Diplomat and served as Indian Ambassador to Iran, Italy and Australia and was Advisor to the Indian Government on Middle Eastern Affairs. His son Zafar Hilaly is also a former ambassador of Pakistan.
Awards and recognition
Agha Hilaly received several international awards, including:
- Hilal-i-Quiad-I-Azam in Pakistan.
- Grand Cross of Order of Northern Star from Sweden.
- Grand Cross of Order of Gurkha from Nepal.
S. M. Burke
| Pakistan Ambassador to Stockholm
1956 to 1959
Khwaj i Mohammad Kaiser
Sikander Ali Baig
| Pakistan Ambassador to Moscow
1959 to 1961
Mian Arshad Hussain
Allah Bukhsh Karim Bukhsh Brohi
| Pakistan High Commissioner to New-Delhi
1961 to 1963
Mian Arshad Hussain
Mohammad Yusuf (prime minister)
| Pakistan High Commissioner to London
Samiullah Khan Dehlavi
| Pakistan Ambassador to the United States
Nawabzada Agha Mohammad Raza
- Sabir Shah (9 March 2018). "(Pakistani) Ambassadors to the US: who's who". The News International (newspaper). Retrieved 14 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Profile of Agha Hilaly on npg.org.uk website (National Portrait Gallery website) Retrieved 14 November 2018
- Kissinger, Henry A. "Chinese Communist Initiative" (PDF). The White House. Retrieved 24 August 2018 – via gwu.edu. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- From Persia to Pakistan, via Mysore Raza Rumi's website (archived), Published 20 September 2008, Retrieved 14 November 2018
- "Obituaries : Agha Hilaly". Impact International. 31–32: 47. 2001.