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|Single by J.J. Cale|
UK vinyl single
|Single by Eric Clapton|
|from the album Eric Clapton|
|Format||7" 45 RPM|
|Recorded||January 1970, Village Recorders, West Los Angeles, CA|
|Songwriter(s)||J. J. Cale|
|Eric Clapton singles chronology|
"After Midnight" is a rock song by J. J. Cale, first released in 1966. Eric Clapton later covered it for his eponymous album, released in 1970. Clapton's rendition became a success, prompting Cale to re-record the song for Cale's 1972 album Naturally. In 1988, Clapton later re-recorded the song for a Michelob beer commercial and then released the re-recording as a single. "After Midnight" has been considered one of Clapton's signature songs throughout his career. Other artists covered the song in later years.
Background and releases
Cale wrote "After Midnight" at a much slower tempo than Clapton's later fast-paced rendition. He recorded the song and then released it in 1966 as a single with its flipside track "Slow Motion". When Eric Clapton was working with Delaney & Bonnie Bramlett, Delaney Bramlett introduced Clapton to the music of J.J. Cale. "After Midnight" was the first of several Cale cover songs released by Clapton and appeared on his self-titled debut album. The performers on this version were Clapton on vocals and guitar, Bobby Whitlock on organ and vocals, Jim Gordon on drums, Delaney Bramlett on rhythm guitar, Carl Radle on bass, Leon Russell on piano, Jim Price on trumpet, and Bobby Keys on saxophone. It also appears on Just One Night, a live album recorded in Japan in 1979.
In 1987, Clapton re-recorded the song for a Michelob beer commercial. The 1988 re-recording was released on the anthology box set Crossroads and as a single with different B-side tracks: "I Can't Stand It" for the seven-inch vinyl, "Whatcha Gonna Do" for the twelve-inch vinyl and the CD, and live recording "Sunshine of Your Love" as the CD's one of three tracks. Another live version was released on Live from Madison Square Garden with Steve Winwood on organ.
Clapton said in his 2014 interview with The San Diego Union-Tribune:
The construction of "After Midnight" was great and it had everything[.] The thing that summed up J.J. for me is it had a little country, a little blues, it was rock and there was this guitar part that was baffling. That has always been the fascinating part; I still don’t think we got it right [on my version]. I’ve always been in awe of J.J.’s technique... He was a rhythm guitar player and a great lead guitar player, too. But when he played rhythm, it was very difficult to get it and know what he was doing.
When we [recorded] it, me and Delaney both did [the guitar part] it at same time, and it was a really difficult claw-hammer [picking] thing. I thought: "This is too hard," so we made a meal out of it. What got me is that it appeared to be a very complex track and I was just intrigued, and thought: "I've got to try and get this [right]." Cale was coming from this very soulful white music. It was at Delaney's insistence that I did ['After Midnight'], and that was probably one of the first songs we decided to record. And that began my association with J.J., really.
Cale was unaware of Clapton's recording of the song until it became a radio hit in 1970. He recalled to Mojo magazine that when he heard Clapton's version playing on his radio, "I was dirt poor, not making enough to eat and I wasn’t a young man. I was in my thirties, so I was very happy. It was nice to make some money." Cale's friend and producer Audie Ashworth then encouraged him to capitalize on the song's success by recording a full album, Naturally, released in 1972. Cale issued the re-recorded version as a single that same year with its B-side track, "Crying Eyes." The 1972 re-recorded version reached #42 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Cale told The San Diego Union-Tribune in his 1990 interview about Clapton's version:
I thought: 'Well, that won't go anywhere'. [...] A year later, they started playing it on every radio station, including in my hometown. The first time I heard it on my car radio I just drove off to the side of the road. Because I'd never heard anything of my own on the radio before...
All record companies want big-selling records, and my music is a little too raw for commercial success. People are familiar with my songs, especially through Eric Clapton. But I have a hard time drawing a crowd, because I have been a songwriter. I've never sold a lot of records; my music's gotten much more famous than me.
Cale released a live version on the album Live in 2001.
- Eric Clapton version
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||51|
|Canadian Top Singles (RPM)||10|
|Japanese Singles (Oricon)||87|
|Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)||25|
|Netherlands (Single Top 100)||19|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||17|
|US Billboard Hot 100||18|
|US Mainstream Rock (Billboard)||4|
Thom Owens of AllMusic said in his review about Cale's 1972 album Naturally, including Cale's re-recorded version of the song, that "Cale effortlessly capture a lazy, rolling boogie" opposite to the early 1970s mainstream "styles of boogie, blues, and country rock."
There was also a DVD accompanied by two audio CDs (released in 2006) from a concert (featuring former Dire Straits frontman Mark Knopfler) filmed at the Shoreline Amphitheatre in Mountain View, California, on 21 September 1988, which contains 14 tracks that span Clapton's entire career including classic hits from his stint with Cream, Blind Faith, Derek & The Dominos, as well as his successful solo work.
Other cover versions
In addition to Clapton, the song has been recorded by various artists, like Chet Atkins, Jerry Garcia Band, Pretty Lights, Phish, Maggie Bell, The Disco Biscuits, Marc Cohn, and Danny Elfman. Sérgio Mendes and his band Brasil '77 covered the song for their 1971 album País Tropical. It was also recorded by the reggae band the Pioneers under the title "Let It All Hang Out" on the album Yeah, from 1971, released by Trojan Records. Both, Furthur and Yonder Mountain String Band, performed the song live at All Good Music Festival in 2010. The modern bluegrass band Seldom Scene recorded the song as the title track of their 1981 album of the same name, and often featured an extended-jam version in their concerts. The John Mayer Trio performed a version of the song on Late Night with Seth Meyers on February 27, 2014.
- "Cocaine", another Cale song made famous by Clapton.
- Bowling, David (2013). "I Swear It Was Self-Defense: Surviving the Seventies". Eric Clapton FAQ: All That's Left to Know About Slowhand. Hal Leonard. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- "After Midnight". The Complete Idiot's Guide to Rock Guitar Songs: 30 Rock Guitar Hits. Alfred Music and Penguin Group. p. 14. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Google Books.
- Popoff, Martin (2010). Goldmine Standard Catalog of American Records 1948–1991. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications via F+W. p. 195. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Google Books. This source names "After Midnight" the A-side track of the 1966 single.
- The Penguin encyclopedia of popular music. p. 199. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Google Books. This source puts "Slow Motion" before "After Midnight."
- Clapton: The Autobiography by Eric Clapton
- Schumacher, Michael (2003) . "Why Does Love Got to Be So Sad? (1969–70)". Crossroads: The Life and Music of Eric Clapton (Updated ed.). pp. 135–136. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Google Books.
- Timepieces - The Best of Eric Clapton (Media notes). Eric Clapton.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Reilly, Dan (2013-07-27). "J.J. Cale, Songwriter of 'After Midnight' and 'Cocaine,' Dead at 74". Spin. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- Schumacher 2003, p. 369.
- Varga, George (July 25, 2014). "Eric Clapton speaks up for J.J. Cale". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- "After Midnight by Eric Clapton Songfacts". Songfacts.com. Retrieved 2013-09-04.
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "J.J. Cale | Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-09-04.
- Varga, George (November 4, 2016). "Eric Clapton/JJ Cale 'Live in San Diego' album revisits rare collaboration". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. Note: This reference gives Australian albums and singles information. It is used for chart peak positions as early materials were released before ARIA regulated the Australian charts itself (1989).
- "1050 CHUM – CHUM Charts > Clapton, Eric". CHUM Charts. 1050 Chum. Archived from the original on February 22, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- "Canadian RPM Top Singles". RPM Magazine. Library and Archives Canada. 14 (16). December 5, 1970. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- Tatsaku, Ren (2011). The Oricon Sales Report (in Japanese). Tokyo: Oricon Style – Recording Industry Association of Japan.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Eric Clapton" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Eric Clapton – After Midnight" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- "Charts.nz – Eric Clapton – After Midnight". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- "Eric Clapton Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- "Eric Clapton Chart History (Mainstream Rock)". Billboard. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- Owens, Thom. Review of Naturally by J. J. Cale. All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues (2003), edited by Vladimir Bogdanov, et al. p. 94.
- "Album Reviews". Billboard. October 2, 1971. p. 48. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Google Books.