In Greek mythology, Aeolus (//; Ancient Greek: Αἴολος, romanized: Aíolos [ǎi̯.o.los], Greek: [ˈe.o.los] (listen), lit. 'quick-moving, nimble') was the ruler of Aeolia (later called Thessaly) and held to be the founder of the Aeolic branch of the Greek nation.
Aeolus was the son of Hellen and the nymph Orseis, and a brother of Dorus, Xuthus, Xenopatra, and, in some sources, of Amphictyon (who is otherwise a brother of Hellen). He married Enarete, daughter of Deimachus (otherwise unknown). Aeolus and Enarete had many children, although the precise number and identities of these children vary from author to author in the ancient sources. Laodice, daughter of Aloeus, was also called her wife who mothered his sons, Cretheus and Salmoneus while others mentioned a certain Iphis, daughter of Peneus, as the mother of Salmoneus.
The great extent of country which this race occupied, and the desire of each part of it to trace its origin to some descendant of Aeolus, probably gave rise to the varying accounts about the number of his children. Some scholars contend that the most ancient and genuine story told of only four sons of Aeolus: Sisyphus, Athamas, Cretheus, and Salmoneus, as the representatives of the four main branches of the Aeolic race. Other sons included Deioneus, Perieres, Cercaphus, Magnes, Macar, Macedon and sometimes Xuthus, Aethlius, Ceyx, Minyas. Another son is named Mimas, who provides a link to the third Aeolus in a genealogy that seems very contrived. Calyce, Peisidice, Perimede and Alcyone were counted among the daughters of Aeolus and Enarete. In some accounts, however, Alcyone's mother was described to be Aegiale.
This Aeolus also had an illegitimate daughter named Arne (Melanippe or Antiope), begotten on Melanippe, daughter of the Centaur Chiron. This Arne became the mother of the second Aeolus, by the god Poseidon. Tanagra, the daughter of Asopus, was sometimes given to have Aeolus as her father. Aeolus was also credited as the father of Iope (or Cassiopeia), wife of Cepheus and thus, mother of Andromeda. Another daughter called Tritogeneia consorted with Poseidon and became the mother of Minyas.
|Iliad||Sch.||Sch. Ody.||Hym.||Sch. Pyth||Ion||Fab.|
|Parents||Hellen and Orseis||✓|
|Macar or Macareus||✓||✓||✓|
Genealogy of Hellenes
- Chaucer's Eolus (de Weever, Jacqueline (1996). Chaucer Name Dictionary, s.v. "Eolus". (Garland Publishing) Retrieved on 2009-10-06
- Hesiod, Ehoiai fr. 4 as cited in Scholia on Pindar, Pythian Ode 4.263
- Hellanicus in scholia on Plato, Symposium, 208 (p. 376)
- Smith, William. "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology". The Ancient Library. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, 1.7.3; Scholium on Pindar's Pythian Ode iv. 190. In the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women (fr. 10(a)), his children are: Cretheus, Athamas, Sisyphus, Salmoneus, Deioneus, Perieres, Peisidice, Alcyone, Calyce, Canace and Perimede; one other son's name, perhaps Magnes, is lost in a lacuna.
- Scholia on Homer, Odyssey 11.235
- Hellanicus in scholia on Plato, Symposium, 208 (p. 376)
- Schmitz, Leonhard (1864), "Aeolus (1), (2) and (3)", in Smith, William (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, p. 35, archived from the original on 2013-10-09, retrieved 2017-05-19
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.21.7, 4.2.2 & 6.22.2
- Strabo. Geographica, 9.5.18
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 6.21.11
- Hyginus, Fabulae 242 & 243
- Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica s.v. Makedonia with Hellanicus, Hiereiai tes Heras en Argei as the authority; Hellanicus fr. 74 (Fowler 2013, p. 155)
- Scholiast on Homer, Iliad 1.2
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 5.8.2
- Clement of Alexandria, Exhortations 4.9
- Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3.1093 ff
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1.7.3
- Hyginus, Fabulae 65
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.67.3 – 5
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.20.1
- Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica s.v. Iope
- Scholia on Pindar, Pythian Odes 4.122
- Macedon was only mentioned as the son of Aeolus, not naming Iphis as his mother.
- not clearly stated but as suggested by the passage, Cephalus, the grandson of Aeolus which directs to him.
- Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica translated by Robert Cooper Seaton (1853-1915), R. C. Loeb Classical Library Volume 001. London, William Heinemann Ltd, 1912. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
- Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica. George W. Mooney. London. Longmans, Green. 1912. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1989. Vol. 3. Books 4.59–8. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica. Vol 1-2. Immanel Bekker. Ludwig Dindorf. Friedrich Vogel. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1888-1890. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
- Hesiod, Catalogue of Women from Homeric Hymns, Epic Cycle, Homerica translated by Evelyn-White, H G. Loeb Classical Library Volume 57. London: William Heinemann, 1914. Online version at theio.com
- Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- Stephanus of Byzantium, Stephani Byzantii Ethnicorum quae supersunt, edited by August Meineike (1790-1870), published 1849. A few entries from this important ancient handbook of place names have been translated by Brady Kiesling. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
- Strabo, The Geography of Strabo. Edition by H.L. Jones. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Strabo, Geographica edited by A. Meineke. Leipzig: Teubner. 1877. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Titus Flavius Clemens, Exhortation against the Pagans translated by Butterworth, G W. Loeb Classical Library Volume 92. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. 1919. Online version at theio.com