Adriaen van der Werff
|Died||12 November 1722 (aged 63)|
Rotterdam, Dutch Republic (modern-day Netherlands)
Adriaen van der Werff (21 January 1659 – 12 November 1722) was an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes. His brother, Pieter van der Werff (1661–1722), was his principal pupil and assistant.
At the age of ten he started to take lessons, two years later moving in with Eglon van der Neer, specializing in clothes and draperie. At the age of seventeen he founded his own studio in Rotterdam where he later became the head of guild of Saint Luc. In 1696, he was paid a visit by Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine and his wife, Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici. The couple ordered two paintings to be sent to Cosimo III of Tuscany, Anna Maria Luisa's father, in Florence. During the next years Van der Werff traveled regularly between Düsseldorf and his home town. In 1703, he became the official court painter and a knight, when his former teacher and predecessor Van der Neer died. Van der Werff, with a perfect technique, was paid extremely well by the Elector for his biblical or classical (erotic) paintings. In 1705, he painted a portrait of Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1716, he lost his job when the Elector died because the treasury was empty.
Van der Werff became one of the most lauded Dutch painters of his day, gaining a European reputation and an enormous fortune. Arnold Houbraken, writing in 1718, considered him the greatest of the Dutch painters and this was the prevailing critical opinion throughout the 18th century: however, his reputation suffered in the 19th century, when he was alleged to have betrayed the Dutch naturalistic tradition. In the Victorian Age people could not appreciate his art, so most of his work went into the cellars of the Alte Pinakothek.
Van der Werff also practised as an architect in Rotterdam, where he designed a few houses.
- Hedwig Elisabeth (1673)
- Family Portrait (1680-1689)
- Children Playing Before a Hercules Group (1687)
- Shepherd and Shepherdess (1689)
- Flora with Putti Strewing Flowers (1696)
- Diogenes (1699)
- Sarah Presenting Hagar to Abraham (1699)
- Maria Anna Luisa (1700)
- Portrait of Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatinate (1700)
- Portrait of John Churchill Marlborough (12 December 1701)
- Adam and Eve (c. 1711)
- Homage to the Arts (1713)
- Mary with the Christ-child and John the Baptist (1715), mahogany, 46 x 34 cm, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
- The Holy Family and Infant Saint John the Baptist (1715)
- The Judgement of Paris (1716)
- The Annunciation (1718), transferred from oak to canvas, 71 x 52 cm, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
- Mucius Scaevola, pencil on paper. 29.4 × 20.6 cm. Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig (Brunswick)
- Noli me tangere (1719)
- Nymphes dasant (1720), also painted by his brother
- Perkeo, uncertainly painted this portrait, painted by Johann George Dathan
- Portrait of Simon Martin Haake
- Portrait of Mary II of England, also painted with Étienne-Jehandier Desrochers
- Portrait of Friedrich von Schomberg
- Portrait of William II of England, also painted with Étienne-Jehandier Desrochers
- The Visitation, ink, washed on paper, 29.4 x 20.6 cm. Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig (Brunswick)
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