West 8 is an urban planning and landscape architecture firm founded by Adriaan Geuze and Paul van Beek in Rotterdam, Netherlands in 1987. It is known for its contemporary designs and innovative solutions to urban planning problems using lighting, metal structures, and color. Van Beek is no longer part of the firm.
Geuze founded West 8 in 1987 in Rotterdam with Paul van Beek, who later left the firm. Geuze won the Dutch Maaskant Award for young architects in 1987 and the firm grew to employ more than 75 architects and planners, with offices in Rotterdam and New York City. The firm has produced several striking designs and is part of a wave of Dutch architects doing major works that have received international attention and recognition for novel design approaches.
Geuze was born in Dordrecht in 1960 and graduated with a degree in landscape architecture from the University of Wageningen in 1987. Geuze's 1993 essay "Accelerating Darwin" advocated a "sensation of spontaneous culture which the city dweller creates". One of the firm's best known projects is the Schouwburgplein in Rotterdam (1996) using a raised platform lit from below and incorporating crane like structure to support lights that can be moved by inserting coins in a slot, "literally empowering the individual to light the square as they see fit." At the Oosterscheldedam Flood Barrier (1994) the firm used black and white striped mussel shells as art and landscape, and at the Carrascoplein in Amsterdam (1998) they converted a "forgotten place" beneath viaducts into a parking lot of abstract patterns with patches of green space with illumination of the viaduct soffits creating a "Ballardian urban park." West 8 developed masterplans for the Ypenburg Vinex showing that they can "marshal large plots and world-class architects with assurance", and produced a provocative design with palm trees in the sky plan for Arroyo Parkway, Pasadena, in 2002, and won a 2003 competition for an urban plan in Tromsø, Norway.
West 8's urban planning projects include striking new conceptions, such as the Schouwburgplein in Rotterdam, a large public square made of a lightweight metal structure which "floats" on top of the roof of a parking garage. Geuze has been credited with having "almost single-handedly re-established landscape on the agenda of Dutch urbanism and is now taking his influence global in designing open spaces in or around buildings by most of the best Dutch contemporary architects." West 8 brings landscape architecture into city planning in a functionalist and pragmatic way; since the distinction between town and country in places like the Netherlands has largely disappeared, novel ideas for landscape use are often called for by city planners to fulfill the needs of modern urbanites.
In the Netherlands, they are responsible for masterplanning a large-scale low-rise residential development on two peninsulas comprising the formerly dilapidated Borneo Sporenburg, part of the eastern harbor area of Amsterdam, as well as for the bicycle bridges and footbridges leading to the area.
West 8 have produced several highly original bridges designs for bridges including the so-called "Reptile Bridge" proposal for a connection between Leidsche Rijn and Utrecht, and the helical truss Vlaardingse Vaart Bridge in Vlaardingen, a finalist for the Dutch Design Awards in 2009. Their design for a pedestrian bridge in Amsterdam was nominated for the 2001 Design Prize of the city of Rotterdam. Most recently, they won a design competition for a bridge across a railroad in Aarschot, Belgium. Undulating wave shapes are also part of West 8's designs, with DTAH, for a series of wavedecks on Toronto's waterfront. The wooden planked walkways are part of a redevelopment project known as Waterfront Toronto. The first three of the four planned wavedecks, Rees wavedeck, Spadina wavedeck, and Simcoe wavedeck, have been completed.
In the United States, West 8 have gained a reputation for unorthodox design proposals, such as their proposal to fill in the World Trade Center site and turn it into a pasture. They were finalists for the design of the new exterior for the New York Aquarium, and were part of the team of firms that won the design contest for an ambitious 40-acre (160,000 m2) park (including free bicycles) on the southern half of Governors Island in New York.
A list of projects includes:
- Schouwburgplein (Rotterdam) public square
- The Whale housing project
- Sporenburg Bicycle Bridge
- Four wavedecks in Toronto (Ontario)'s waterfront
- Governors Island (New York) redevelopment
- Ouroussoff, Nicolai (2005-02-24). "Confronting Blight With Hope". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Rattenbury, Kester; Rob Bevan; Kiernan Long (2004). Architects of Today. Laurence King. pp. 36–37. ISBN 978-1-85669-492-6.
- Metz, Tracy (1995-05-19). "Het rijtjeshuis is de maat der dingen; Landschapsarchitect Adriaan Geuze en de overwoekering van Nederland" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad.
- Lootsma, Bart (2000). Superdutch: New Architecture in the Netherlands. Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 233–35. ISBN 978-1-56898-239-7.
- Hulsman, Bernard (2000-09-06). "'The whale' is frisse vloedgolf in een bruine zee" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- "Borneo/Sporenburg Bicycle Bridge". Structurae. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- "Borneo/Sporenburg Pedestrian Bridge". Structurae. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Vollaard, Piet (1998-03-08). "De slag om de Papendorpse Brug" (in Dutch). Archined. Archived from the original on 2003-09-12. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- "Twist Bridge, Vlaardingen", Wallpaper, March 2, 2009.
- Finalists announced for Dutch Design Awards, World Landscape Architecture, September 4, 2009
- Dijksterhuis, Edo (2001-03-05). "Design als ding in decor" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- "West 8 wint prijsvraag brug in Aarschot". GWWKrant.nl. 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-23.[dead link]
- "Why Not A Park?". The New York Times. 2004-05-16. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Confessore, Nicholas (2006-10-06). "From 3 Finalists in Aquarium's Redesign, Swoops, Swirls and Great Water Views". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Ouroussoff, Nicolai (2007-06-20). "Competing Visions for Governors Island". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Ouroussoff, Nicolai (2007-12-20). "A Landscape's Isolation Is Turned Into a Virtue". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Pogrebin, Robin (2007-12-20). "Park Plan Is Chosen for Governors Island". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Shapiro, Julie (2008-05-22). "David Byrne hooks up Battery Building to an organ". Downtown Express. New York. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to West 8.|
- West 8 website
- Residential Waterfront, Borneo Sporenburg, Amsterdam: Adriaan Geuze, West 8 Urban Design & Landscape Architecture edited by Rodolfo Machado, published by Harvard University Press, 2006 ISBN 9780935627831
- Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Royal Institution of British Architecture: International Dialogues Talk (Video)
- Video portrait of West 8 (Dutch Profiles)