Adoniram Judson Holmes
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Iowa's 10th district
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1889
|Preceded by||New District|
|Succeeded by||Jonathan P. Dolliver|
|Member of the Iowa House of Representatives|
|Born||March 2, 1842|
|Died||January 21, 1902 (aged 59)|
|Spouse(s)||Emma Folsom Holmes|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan Law School|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Unit||24th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment|
Born in Wooster, Ohio, Holmes moved with his parents to Palmyra, Wisconsin, in 1853. He attended the common schools, and entered Milton College of Milton, Wisconsin, but left in 1862 after the outbreak of the Civil War, to enter the Union Army. He enlisted as a Private in Company D, 24th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant of Company F on March 7, 1864, to 1st Lieutenant of Company K on May 12, 1865, and was honorably mustered out on July 27, 1865. He married Emma Folsom Holmes, and they had three children, Lulu Emma, Judson Harold, and Clarence Folsom.
After the war Holms completed his studies in Milton College. Returning to Janesville he studied law and was admitted to the bar, but afterwards took the full course from the University of Michigan Law School, graduating in 1867. He commenced practice in Boone, Iowa, in 1868 in partnership with another young lawyer, L. W. Reynolds. In 1880 and 1881, he was the mayor of Boone. He also served as a member of the Iowa House of Representatives in 1882 and 1883.
Iowa received a tenth and eleventh seat in the U.S. House as a result of the 1880 Census. The Iowa General Assembly created the new 10th congressional district from counties in the old 4th and 9th congressional districts, including Boone County, where Holmes lived. In 1882, Holmes won the Republican nomination in the new district, and won the general election, and was elected to the 48th United States Congress.Twice he was re-elected, serving in the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth Congresses. He held the seat from March 4, 1883, to March 3, 1889. However, when running for a fourth term in 1888, he was challenged in the district convention by future U.S. Senator Jonathan P. Dolliver. After 110 ballots in the district nominating convention, Dolliver won.
After his defeat, Holmes went to work for Congress. He was chosen as Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives in the Fifty-first Congress, at the urging of Congressman David B. Henderson of Iowa's 3rd congressional district. He then resumed the practice of law in Boone, where he served as county attorney from 1896 to 1899.
- Benjamin F. Gue, History of Iowa From the Earliest Times To the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, 4 vols. (New York: Century History Co., 1903).
- "Adoniram J. Holmes". The Strangest Names In American Political History. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Iowa Congressional District Maps Archived 2008-06-30 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 2009-05-04.
- Editorial, "State Convention," The Perry Chief, 1888-08-24 at p. 4.
- "Reed Secures the Prize," New York Times, 1889-12-01 at p. 1.
- United States Congress. "Adoniram J. Holmes (id: H000733)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-05-07
- Adoniram J. Holmes at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 10th congressional district
Jonathan P. Dolliver
Samuel S. Yoder
| Sergeant at Arms of the United States House of Representatives
Benjamin F. Russell
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.