Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier
Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier, c.1890
|Died||June 27, 1920 (aged 81)|
|Resting place||Cimetière Notre-Dame-de-Belmont|
|Occupation||lawyer, author, judge, and professor|
|Known for||wrote the lyrics of the original French version of the Canadian national anthem "O Canada"|
|Title||President of the Royal Society of Canada|
|Predecessor||Frank Dawson Adams|
Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier, FRSC (May 8, 1839 – June 27, 1920) was a Canadian judge, author, and lyricist. He wrote the lyrics of the original French version of the Canadian national anthem "O Canada". He was born in Saint-Placide, Quebec, to Charles Routhier and Angélique Lafleur.
Early life and education
Routhier was born and grew up in Saint-Placide, Quebec on his family's farm. He attended Séminaire de Ste Thérèse, and later studied law at Université Laval. He graduated and was called to the Quebec bar in 1861.
Routhier practised law in Kamarouska until he was appointed to the Quebec Superior Court in 1873 (as Chief Justice from 1904 to 1906) and Admiralty of the Exchequer Court of Canada (from 1897 to 1906).
In June 1914, Routhier was one of the three judges appointed to conduct the Commission of Inquiry into the sinking of the Canadian Pacific steamship Empress of Ireland, which had resulted in the loss of 1,012 lives.
Routhier married Clorinde Mondelet on November 12, 1862, in Quebec and had one son.
Many sites and landmarks were named to honour Basile Routhier. They include:
- Rue Basile-Routhier (Basile-Routhier Street), located in Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada;
- Place Basile-Routhier, located in Shawinigan;
- Rue Basile-Routhier in Montreal, Quebec;
- Boulevard Basile-Routhier in Repentigny, Quebec.
- Avenue Sir Adolphe Routhier in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada;
- Les Echos, P. G. Delisle, 1882.
- "Saint-Placide (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- John Robert Colombo (1978). The Poets of Canada. Hurtig Publishers. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-88830-150-5.
- Canada. Parliament. Special Joint Committee of the Senate and House of Commons on the National and Royal Anthems (1967). Minutes of Proceedings: June 8, 1967- Feb. 15, 1968. R. Duhamel. p. 2.
- Hébert, Yves (1998). "Routhier, Sir Adolphe-Basile". In Cook, Ramsay; Hamelin, Jean (eds.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. XIV (1911–1920) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- Brian Thompson (2015). Anthems and Minstrel Shows: The Life and Times of Calixa Lavallée, 1842-1891. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 218-219. ISBN 978-0-7735-4555-7.
- Peter Kuitenbrouwer; Ashley Spires (2015). Our Song: The Story of O Canada, the Canadian National Anthem. Scholastic Canada, Limited. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4431-3372-2.
- Marshall, Logan (2014) [First published 1914]. The Tragic Story of the Empress of Ireland. New York, New York: Penguin Group US. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-698-15132-1. Retrieved January 27, 2015.