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Adolf Gasser (1903–1985) was a Swiss historian.
From 1928 to 1969 Gasser taught as a grammar school teacher in Basel. In the course of Gasser's lectureships he became private lecturer in 1936 and an adjunct professor in 1942; from 1950 to 1985 he taught as an extraordinary professor for constitutional history at the University of Basel. After World War II Gasser started an active lecturing activity in the Federal Republic of Germany. Gasser was joint founder of the Council of European Municipalities and Regions, from 1953 to 1968 Gasser was a Liberal member of the Grand Council of Basel, and he was a president of the FDP of the canton Basel.
His works include (published in German language, all titles are translated here for better understanding): – The territorial development of Switzerland. Confederation 1291–1797, 1932 – History of the People’s Freedom and Democracy, 1939 – Communal freedom as salvation of Europe, 1943 – On the foundations of the state, 1950 - Preussischer Militärgeist und Kriegsentfesselung 1914, 1985