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|Abdul Jalilul Akbar|
|10th Sultan of Brunei|
|Successor||Abdul Jalilul Jabbar|
|Spouse||Radin Mas Ayu Siti Aishah|
|Issue||Sultan Abdul Jalilul Jabbar|
Abdul Jalilul Akbar was the tenth Sultan of Brunei. He succeeded his father, Muhammad Hassan, in 1598 and ruled until his death in 1659. When he ascended to the throne, his uncle Pengiran Di-Gadong Sahibul Mal Besar Omar acted as his regent.
His Highness was the son of Sultan Muhammad Hassan, the ninth ruler of Brunei. Before he ascended to the throne, he was known as Raja Tua Abdul Jalil. He married to a princess from Java, Radin Mas Ayu Siti Aishah, the daughter of Kiyai Temenggong Manchu Negoro from Gersik. From their marriage, they bore Sultan Abdul Jalilul Jabbar, Sultan Muhyiddin, Raja Omar, Pengiran Derma Wangsa Pengiran Muda Bongsu, Pengiran Di-Gadong Sahibul Mal Raja Damit Shahbudin and four unknown daughters.
In December 1600 and January 1601, a Dutchman named Olivier Van Noort visited Brunei who left vivid accounts about Brunei. Although he did not mention the name of the ruling sultan at that time, Van Noort managed to describe that the Brunei king was under the guardianship of his uncle who acted as his regent.
The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim and Hadhramawt in Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807 CE.
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