|A Kiss Before Dying|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||James Dearden|
|Produced by||Robert Lawrence|
|Screenplay by||James Dearden|
|Based on||A Kiss Before Dying|
by Ira Levin
|Music by||Howard Shore|
|Edited by||Michael Bradsell|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures (United States)|
United International Pictures (United Kingdom)
|Budget||$15 million or £8.1 million|
|Box office||$15.4 million|
A Kiss Before Dying is a 1991 erotic thriller film directed by James Dearden, and based on Ira Levin's novel of the same name, which won the 1954 Edgar Award for Best First Novel. The drama features Matt Dillon, Sean Young, Max von Sydow, and Diane Ladd. The story had been previously adapted under the same name in 1956.
A copper refinery owned by Thor Carlsson (Max von Sydow) ships metal on Carlsson Copper trains, watched by a young boy from his home beside the tracks.
Decades later in 1987, at the University of Pennsylvania, Dorothy Carlsson (Sean Young) doodles her wedding. Changing into a formal outfit, she runs into her friend Patricia Farren (Martha Gehman), but denies she is meeting her "mystery man".
Dorothy meets Jonathan Corliss (Matt Dillon) at city hall. Finding the marriage license bureau closed for lunch, they discuss how Dorothy's father would disown her if he knew what she was doing. Convincing Dorothy to wait on the building's roof, Jonathan throws her over the edge, taking her cigarette lighter. Mailing a letter in the lobby, he calmly walks past her body as a crowd gathers.
Thor and his daughter Ellen (also played by Sean Young), Dorothy's twin, are shocked to learn Dorothy was pregnant, and read what appears to be her suicide note, mailed the day she died. Ellen cannot believe her sister would kill herself. Jonathan returns to his working-class home in Pittsburgh with clippings about the Carlsson family, particularly the suicides of Thor's wife and son. Promising his mother to make something of his life, Jonathan hitchhikes to New York, accepting a ride from Jay Faraday (Adam Horovitz), a bohemian drifter whose parents died on Korean Air Lines Flight 007.
Four months later, Ellen is working at Castle House, a shelter and outreach program. Investigating Dorothy's death, Ellen meets Detective Dan Corelli (James Russo) in Philadelphia. Showing him the drawing Dorothy made of her wedding, dated the day of her death, and noting she died outside the marriage license bureau, Ellen suggests Dorothy was lured with the promise of marriage and killed by a boyfriend, but Corelli dismisses her theory.
Ellen goes to campus, where Patricia reveals Dorothy was dating someone. Ellen finds Dorothy's ex-boyfriend Tommy Roussell (Ben Browder), who explains he had a breakdown after his relationship with Dorothy and was out of school when she died. Remembering she then dated another student, Tommy takes Ellen to his apartment to show her the man's yearbook photo. Ellen waits outside, while Jonathan stalks her in his car. Tommy finds Jonathan's photo, but Jonathan strangles him and types a suicide note on Tommy's computer admitting to killing Dorothy, and stages his suicide. Ellen is left convinced that Tommy killed Dorothy.
Ellen returns home to New York, and her boyfriend arrives – Jonathan, who has assumed Jay Faraday's identity. Their relationship develops, working together at Castle House, and “Jay” impresses Thor with his ambition. Ellen and Jay marry, and he joins Carlsson Copper. Intercepting a call from Patricia, heading to New York after remembering the identity of Dorothy's boyfriend, Jay arranges for Patricia to wait in her hotel room for a call from Ellen the next day. There, he strangles Patricia, dismembering her in the bathtub and stuffing her corpse in a suitcase before going out on a date with Ellen. After driving her home, he dumps the suitcase in the East River.
A police detective investigating Patricia's disappearance informs Ellen that her name and number were in Patricia's diary. Suspicious, Ellen confirms with Tommy's parents that he was institutionalized at the time of Dorothy's death. Ellen asks Corelli to reopen the investigation, with no results.
At a bar with Ellen, Jay is recognized as Jonathan Corliss by an acquaintance from Philadelphia but insists he is mistaken, eventually hitting him. Unsettled, Ellen digs up a UPenn yearbook and finds a picture of Jonathan. She tracks down Jonathan's mother, who says that Jonathan had committed suicide three years earlier, though his body was never found. Visiting her in the house where he grew up, Ellen learns about his childhood. His mother leaves, and Ellen sneaks inside to search Jonathan's room, finding his suitcase of clippings about her family and her sister's lighter. Jonathan, having followed her, confesses that he killed Faraday and assumed his identity. He schemed to marry into the Carlsson lineage, but Dorothy's unplanned pregnancy meant she would be disinherited. Jonathan prepares to strangle Ellen, who escapes from the house to the train tracks. Giving chase, Jonathan is run over by a Carlsson train, at the same spot he watched the trains pass as a child.
- Matt Dillon as Jonathan Corliss
- Sean Young as Ellen/Dorothy Carlsson
- Max von Sydow as Thor Carlsson
- Diane Ladd as Mrs. Corliss
- James Russo as Dan Corelli
- Ben Browder as Tommy Roussell
- Martha Gehman as Patricia Farren
- Jim Fyfe as Terry Dieter
- Lachele Carl as Reporter
- Shane Rimmer as Commissioner Malley
- Adam Horovitz as Jay Faraday
The producers of A Kiss Before Dying wanted River Phoenix to play Jonathan. They approached him several times for the role, and kept increasing their offers, but he didn't feel a connection to the material and felt he was unsuitable to play the part, so he repeatedly turned it down and Matt Dillon was then cast. Diane Lane and Penelope Ann Miller were each considered for the dual roles of Ellen and Dorothy, but both rejected it. Bridget Fonda was originally cast, but quit the production due to scheduling conflicts and Sean Young signed on to replace her.
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The film was primarily shot in Great Britain, with secondary locations in the United States.
British locations include: Port Talbot steelworks, Cardiff, South Glamorgan, Wales, (opening sequence at "Abbey Coke Ovens area of Port Talbot Steel works, with Main Pumphouse, cooling tower and water storage towers in the background"); Brocket Hall, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England; Gaddesden Place, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England; Lee International Studios, Shepperton, Surrey, England; and London, England.
The film opened in wide release on 26 April 1991 in the United States. In England it opened on 14 June 1991.
The box-office receipts were poor. The first week's gross was $4,348,165 and the total receipts for the four-week run were $14,478,720. The film was in wide release for thirty-one days.
In its widest release the film was featured in 1,546 theatres across the country.
Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert praised the direction of the picture and Matt Dillon's work, writing, "This is Matt Dillon's first film since Drugstore Cowboy, and demonstrates again that he is one of the best actors working in movies. He possesses the secret of not giving too much, of not trying so hard that we're distracted by his performance... [and director] Dearden helps it work because he doesn't press his point."
Rolling Stone's Peter Travers was not as kind in his review of this film, especially when compared to the 1956 original. He blasts the screenplay and the direction of the film. He wrote: "Though Dearden gets the surface right – the movie looks sleek – he skimps on characterization... [and] Dearden's script fails to provide the raw material that would let him go beyond the stereotype... Dearden merely walks the cast through a gauntlet of film noir cliches."
The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 31% of critics gave the film a positive review, based on 13 reviews. Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "C+" on an A+ to F scale.
- Worst Actress, Sean Young as Ellen Carlsson; 1991.
- Worst Supporting Actress, Sean Young as Dorothy Carlsson; 1991.
Comparisons to novel
While leaving Corliss' character basically unchanged (other than renaming him Jonathan), the film drastically changed the story of the novel. In the film, Corliss fakes his own suicide after murdering Dorothy, and re-emerges as "Jay Faraday" to woo and marry Dorothy's sister, Ellen. In the novel, Corliss does not take on a new identity. Ellen's other sister, Marion, does not appear in either film version of the story. The "Gant" character in the novel was rewritten as a homicide detective who had investigated Dorothy's death. In this film, Corliss meets his end while attempting to kill Ellen after she discovers who he really is; while chasing her down, and for the sake of irony, he is run over by one of her father's trains.
- Baazigar (Translation: Gambler), a 1993 Indian (Bollywood) crime thriller film directed by Abbas–Mustan and starring Shah Rukh Khan and Kajol in the lead roles.
- "AFI-Catalog". catalog.afi.com. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- "Back to the Future: The Fall and Rise of the British Film Industry in the 1980s - An Information Briefing" (PDF). British Film Institute. 2005. p. 25.
- A Kiss Before Dying at the American Film Institute Catalog.
- "WEEKEND BOX OFFICE : 'Dances,' 'Lambs' Lose Ground". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- The Numbers box office data. Last accessed: 30 November 2007.
- Ebert, Roger, Chicago Sun-times, film review, 26 April 1991.
- Travers, Peter. Rolling Stone, film review, 1991.
- A Kiss Before Dying at Rotten Tomatoes. Last accessed: 30 April 2012 at Rotten Tomatoes.
- "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com.
- Levin, Ira. A Kiss Before Dying, Simon & Schuster, 1954. ISBN 0-671-20179-4.