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|Gregorian calendar||AD 38|
|Ab urbe condita||791|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)|
2734 or 2674
— to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
2735 or 2675
|Coptic calendar||−246 – −245|
|- Vikram Samvat||94���95|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3138–3139|
|Iranian calendar||584 BP – 583 BP|
|Islamic calendar||602 BH – 601 BH|
|Julian calendar||AD 38|
|Minguo calendar||1874 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||349/350 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||580–581|
164 or −217 or −989
— to —
165 or −216 or −988
AD 38 (XXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iulianus and Asprenas (or, less frequently, year 791 Ab urbe condita). The denomination AD 38 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Probable year of the marriage of Claudius and Messalina.
- Apion heads a deputation to Caligula to complain about the Jews in Alexandria.
- Anti-Jewish riot breaks out in Alexandria during a visit by Agrippa I: the mob wants to place statues of Caligula in every synagogue.
Arts and sciences
- Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus, deputy Roman emperor (d. AD 69)
- Marcus Valerius Martialis, Latin epigrammatist (born sometime between this year and AD 41)
- June 10 – Julia Drusilla, sister of Caligula (b. AD 16)
- Saint Andrew, apostle
- Naevius Sutorius Macro, commander of the Roman Praetorian Guard (b. 21 BC)
- Du Shi, Chinese engineer and statesman