|Ab urbe condita||859|
|Balinese saka calendar||27–28|
|Chinese calendar||乙巳年 (Wood Snake)|
2802 or 2742
— to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
2803 or 2743
|Coptic calendar||−178 – −177|
|- Vikram Samvat||162–163|
|- Shaka Samvat||27–28|
|- Kali Yuga||3206–3207|
|Iranian calendar||516 BP – 515 BP|
|Islamic calendar||532 BH – 531 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1806 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||417/418 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||648–649|
232 or −149 or −921
— to —
233 or −148 or −920
Year 106 (CVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Commodus and Civica (or, less frequently, year 859 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 106 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Ignatius writes a letter to Christians in Smyrna (around this year) where the term Catholic Church is used. This is the earliest surviving witness to the use of the term "Catholic Church".
- Emperor Trajan conquers the Dacian Fortresses of the Orăştie Mountains and surrounds the capital, Sarmizegetusa.
- Battle of Sarmizegetusa: The Dacians are defeated, and the city is encircled with a circumvallation line. When the Romans destroy the water pipes, King Decebalus flees, and commits suicide.
- August 11 – The south-eastern part of Dacia (modern Romania) becomes a Roman province: Roman Dacia. The veterans of the legions are given land in the new province for their service in the Roman army.
- Trajan annexes the Nabataean Kingdom (with its capital Petra) as the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. The epoch of the calendar of the province of Arabia begins on March 22.
- February 13 – Emperor He of Han dies after a 18-year reign. Empress Dowager Deng places her infant son Han Shangdi on the Chinese throne. First and the only year of yanping era.
- September 21 – Han Shangdi dies after a 7-month reign and is succeeded by his 12-year-old cousin Han Andi as ruler of the Chinese Eastern Han Dynasty (until 125).
- Aelianus Tacticus (or Aelian) writes his Taktike Theoria (approximate date).
- February 13 – He of Han, Chinese emperor of the Han Dynasty (b. AD 79)
- September 21 – Han Shangdi, Chinese emperor of the Han Dynasty (b. 105)
- Decebalus, king of Dacia (suicide, being pursued by the Romans) (b. AD 87)
- Liu Qing, Chinese prince of the Han Dynasty (b. AD 78)
- Rabbel II Soter, ruler of the Nabataean Kingdom
- Rafe de Crespigny (December 28, 2006). A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23-220 AD). BRILL. pp. 531–. ISBN 978-90-474-1184-0.
- Tan Koon San (August 15, 2014). Dynastic China: An Elementary History. The Other Press. pp. 111–. ISBN 978-983-9541-88-5.
- A Companion to Latin Studies. CUP Archive. pp. 140–. GGKEY:2AE1DU53Z2Y.
- Michael Loewe (June 2, 2016). Problems of Han Administration: Ancestral Rites, Weights and Measures, and the Means of Protest. BRILL. pp. 72–. ISBN 978-90-04-31490-0.