Park Avenue, 1882-1883, looking south. 86th Street station is in the top left.
|Location||Park Avenue and 86th Street|
Upper East Side, Manhattan, New York
|Line(s)||Park Avenue Tunnel (Hudson Line)|
|Opened||May 15, 1876|
The 86th Street station is an abandoned station located in the Park Avenue Tunnel used by Metro-North Railroad for all of its trains. The station was built by the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad as part of an agreement with New York City. The station was built during the late 19th century.
This station opened on May 15, 1876 with the introduction of partial rapid transit on the Harlem Line, with sixteen trains a day running between Grand Central Depot and William's Bridge. On the same date, the 110th Street opened, and both were primarily served by the rapid transit service. While the 110th Street station also was served by trains to Golden's Bridge, 86th Street was exclusively used by Tuckahoe and White Plains locals.
On April 29, 1901, the New York Central was granted permission to abandon this station and the 72nd Street stations by the New York State Railroad Commissioners. While the station recorded 13,355 passengers in 1879, it only recorded 3,371 in 1900, even though the station was served by twelve daily trains. The station was last listed on the May 20, 1901 timetable and was left off the June 23, 1901 timetable. However, an article from 1906 detailing the closure of the 110th Street station noted that many locals stopped at 86th Street.
Currently, the station is used as an emergency exit for Metro-North Railroad in the Park Avenue Tunnel. The staircases are intact and can be accessed from the center median of Park Avenue.:10, 72 The station house used to be located in this median, which used to be wider. The layout of this station is different than 59th Street and 72nd Street; the platforms are on the insides of the outer tunnels, between the inner tunnels. The station platforms were 172 feet (52 m) long, and 18.67 feet (5.69 m) wide. A waiting room was located at the north end of each platform. At the south ends of the platforms staircases led to a mezzanine level where the ticket office was located.
- "Partial Rapid Transit: From The Grand Central Depot. Arrangements For Quick Trains On The Harlem Road Trains To Run Next Monday Fares, Time, Rates of Communication" (PDF). The New York Times. May 12, 1876. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- "Rapid Transit to and From Harlem" (PDF). The New York Times. April 13, 1876. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- The Official Railway Guide: North American Freight Service Edition. National Railway Publication Company. 1895. pp. 157–158.
- "Railroad Projects Heard: Harlem Road to Abandon Seventy-second and Eighty-sixth Street Stations". The New York Sun. April 30, 1901. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- The Official Guide of the Railways and Steam Navigation Lines of the United States, Porto Rico, Canada, Mexico and Cuba. National Railway Publication Company. 1900. p. 200.
- The Official Guide of the Railways and Steam Navigation Lines of the United States, Porto Rico, Canada, Mexico and Cuba. National Railway Publication Company. 1901. p. 190.
- "N. Y. Central Closes 110th Street Station". Buffalo Evening News. June 13, 1906. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- "Electric Division New York Terminal District Time-Table No. 54A For Employees Only" (PDF). canadasouthern.com. New York Central Railroad. December 14, 1941.
- Brennan, Joseph (2002). "86 St (Park Ave)". Columbia University.
- Gray, Christopher (September 10, 2009). "When Vanderbilt Did Not Get His Way". The New York Times.
- Supreme Court of the State of New York. 1896. p. 89.
- Brennan, Joseph. ""The Underground Railway, New York City" 1875". Columbia University. Archived from the original on May 4, 2009. Retrieved October 9, 2018.