A 683-0 series on a Thunderbird service in August 2018
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo|
|Number built||270 vehicles|
|Number in service||268 vehicles|
|Number scrapped||2 vehicles|
|Formation||3/5/6/9 cars per trainset|
Hokuetsu Express (2005–2015)
|Line(s) served||Tokaido Main Line, Kosei Line, Hokuriku Main Line, IR Ishikawa Railway Line, Nanao Line|
|Car body construction||Aluminium alloy, double-skin|
|Maximum speed||160 km/h (100 mph) (683-4000/5000/8000 series)|
130 km/h (80 mph) (683-0/1000/2000/3000 series)
|Traction system||Variable frequency (3-level IGBT)|
|Electric system(s)||20 kV AC 60 Hz / 1,500 V DC overhead|
|Current collection method||WPS27C scissors-type pantograph|
WPS28D single-arm pantograph (683-4000/5000 series)
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes, snow-resistant brake|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-SW, ATS-P|
|Multiple working||681 series|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 683 series (683系, 683-kei) is a dual-voltage electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) and Hokuetsu Express on limited express services in Japan since 2001.
- 1 Variants
- 2 Operations
- 3 Formations
- 4 Interior
- 5 Refurbishment
- 6 Conversion to 289 series
- 7 References
- 683-0 series (Thunderbird)
- 683-1000 series (Thunderbird)
- 683-2000 series (Thunderbird, former Shirasagi)
- 683-3000 series (Thunderbird, former Shirasagi)
- 683-4000 series (Thunderbird)
- 683-5000 series (Thunderbird)
- 683-8000 series (Shirasagi, former Hokuetsu Express Hakutaka)
- Biwako Express
- Ohayō Express
- Oyasumi Express
- Dinostar (from 14 March 2015)
- Noto Kagaribi (from 14 March 2015)
- Kuroshio (from 13 March 2015)
- Hakutaka (until 12 March 2015)
- Home Liner Ōgaki rapid service (until 13 March 2015)
- Home Liner Sekigahara rapid service (until 13 March 2015)
The various formations are configured as follows.
|Numbering||KuHa 682-500||MoHa 683-1300||KuHa 683-700|
|Numbering||KuHa 682-2700||SaHa 683-2400||KuMoHa 683-3500|
|Numbering||KuHa 683-8700||MoHa 683-8000||KuHa 682-8500|
|Numbering||KuMoHa 683-3500||SaHa 683-2400||KuHa 682-2700|
The KuHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
|Numbering||KuMoHa 683-3500||SaHa 683-2500||SaHa 682-2200||MoHa 683-3400||KuRo 682-2000|
The SaHa 682 and KuRo 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
|Numbering||KuRo 683||SaHa 682||MoHa 683-1000||SaHa 683-300||SaHa 682||KuMoHa 683-1500|
|Numbering||KuMoHa 683-8700||SaHa 682-8000||SaHa 683-8000||MoHa 683-8300||SaHa 682-8000||KuRo 683-8000|
The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
|Numbering||KuRo 683-4500||SaHa 682-4300||MoHa 683-5400||SaHa 682-4400||MoHa 683-5000||SaHa 683-4700||SaHa 683-4800||SaHa 682-4300||KuMoHa 683-5500|
The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one single-arm pantograph.
All of the 683 series trainsets used on Thunderbird limited express services are scheduled to undergo a programme of refurbishment from autumn 2015 until the end of fiscal 2018. The first set treated, nine-car 683-4000 series set T51, was returned to revenue service in September 2015.
Conversion to 289 series
From 2015, 85 former Shirasagi 683 series vehicles were converted and reformed to become DC-only 289 series EMUs, formed as three-car, four-car, and six-car sets for use on Hashidate, Kinosaki, Kounotori, and Kurioshio limited express services in the Kyoto and Osaka area.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 683 series.|
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- JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 978-4-7770-0453-9.
- "Railnews". Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 55 (647): 171. March 2015.
- より快適に！北陸～近畿を結ぶ特急「サンダーバード」、車両リニューアルへ [Rolling stock to be refurbished for Thunderbird limited express trains linking Hokuriku and Kinki]. Tetsudo Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- 683系4000番台リニューアル車が営業運転を開始 [Refurbished 683-4000 series enters revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 27 September 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- JR電車編成表 2016冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 18 November 2015. p. 145, 190. ISBN 978-4-330-62315-3.