|63rd New York State Legislature|
The Old State Capitol (1879)
|Legislative body||New York State Legislature|
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||January 1 – December 31, 1840|
|President||Lt. Gov. Luther Bradish (W)|
|Party control||Whig (20-12)|
|Speaker||George W. Patterson (W)|
|Party control||Whig (70-58)|
The 63rd New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 7 to May 14, 1840, during the second year of William H. Seward's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.
The State election was held from November 4 to 6, 1839.
State Senator John Hunter (2nd D.) was re-elected.
|First||Philip Hone||21,396||Minthorne Tompkins||23,385|
|Second||Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr.||22,152||John Hunter||23,669|
|Third||Friend Humphrey||24,716||William K. Wilson||24,549|
|Mitchell Sanford||24,675||Henry W. Strong||24,533|
|Erastus Root||24,551||Amasa J. Parker||24,517|
|Fourth||James G. Hopkins||24,312||Sidney Lawrence||22,933|
|Fifth||James Brackett||21,150||Sumner Ely||22,792|
|Sixth||Andrew B. Dickinson||23,893||William Maxwell||23,517|
|Seventh||Mark H. Sibley||24,049||Joshua Lee||22,831|
|Eighth||Abram Dixon||21,927||Isaac R. Elwood||15,603|
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 7, 1840; and adjourned on May 14.
Upon taking their seats in the Senate, Humphrey, Sanford and Root drew lots to decide which one of the three senators elected in the Third District would serve which term. Sanford drew the one-year term, Humphrey the two-year term, and Root the full term.
On February 3, Lt. Gov. Bradish did not attend the session, and Frederick A. Tallmadge was elected president pro tempore of the Senate. On the same day, Jacob Haight (W) was re-elected State Treasurer.
On February 22, the Legislature elected George H. Boughton, Simon Newton Dexter, Henry Hamilton, David Hudson and Asa Whitney to succeed William Baker, William C. Bouck, John Bowman, Jonas Earll, Jr. and State Senator Samuel Young as Canal Commissioners.
The Whig state convention nominated Gov. Seward and Lt. Gov. Bradish for re-election.
- The First District (4 seats) consisted of Kings, New York and Richmond counties.
- The Second District (4 seats) consisted of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Rockland, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster and Westchester counties.
- The Third District (4 seats) consisted of Albany, Columbia, Delaware, Greene, Rensselaer, Schenectady and Schoharie counties.
- The Fourth District (4 seats) consisted of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Montgomery, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren and Washington counties.
- The Fifth District (4 seats) consisted of Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida, Oswego and Otsego counties.
- The Sixth District (4 seats) consisted of Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chemung, Chenango, Livingston, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins counties.
- The Seventh District (4 seats) consisted of Cayuga, Cortland, Onondaga, Ontario, Seneca, Wayne and Yates counties.
- The Eighth District (4 seats) consisted of Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Monroe, Niagara and Orleans counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
|First||Frederick A. Tallmadge*||1 year||Whig||on February 3, 1840, elected president pro tempore|
|Gulian C. Verplanck*||2 years||Whig|
|Gabriel Furman*||3 years||Whig|
|Minthorne Tompkins||4 years||Democrat|
|Second||Henry H. Van Dyck*||1 year||Democrat|
|Henry A. Livingston*||2 years||Whig|
|Daniel Johnson*||3 years||Democrat|
|John Hunter*||4 years||Democrat|
|Third||Mitchell Sanford||1 year||Whig||elected to fill vacancy, in place of Noadiah Johnson|
|Friend Humphrey||2 years||Whig||elected to fill vacancy, in place of Edward P. Livingston|
|Alonzo C. Paige*||3 years||Democrat|
|Erastus Root||4 years||Whig|
|Fourth||Samuel Young*||1 year||Democrat||until February 13, 1840, also a Canal Commissioner|
|Martin Lee*||2 years||Whig|
|Bethuel Peck*||3 years||Whig|
|James G. Hopkins||4 years||Whig|
|Fifth||David Wager*||1 year||Democrat|
|Avery Skinner*||2 years||Democrat||also Postmaster of Union Square|
|Joseph Clark*||3 years||Democrat|
|Sumner Ely||4 years||Democrat|
|Sixth||Daniel S. Dickinson*||1 year||Democrat|
|Laurens Hull*||2 years||Whig|
|Alvah Hunt*||3 years||Whig|
|Andrew B. Dickinson||4 years||Whig|
|Seventh||Samuel L. Edwards*||1 year||Democrat|
|John Maynard*||2 years||Whig||in November 1840 elected to the 27th U.S. Congress|
|Robert C. Nicholas*||3 years||Whig|
|Mark H. Sibley||4 years||Whig|
|Eighth||Samuel Works*||1 year||Whig|
|William A. Moseley*||2 years||Whig|
|Henry Hawkins*||3 years||Whig|
|Abram Dixon||4 years||Whig|
- Clerk: John F. Bacon, until January 20, 1840
- Samuel G. Andrews, from January 20, 1840
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Richard M. Meigs
- Doorkeeper: Philip M. De Zeng
- Assistant Doorkeeper: Chauncey Dexter, from January 25, 1840
- Albany County (3 seats)
- Allegany County (2 seats)
- Broome County (1 seat)
- Cattaraugus County (2 seats)
- Cayuga County (3 seats)
- Chautauqua County (3 seats)
- Chemung County (1 seat)
- Chenango County (3 seats)
- Clinton County (1 seat)
- Columbia County (3 seats)
- Cortland County (2 seats)
- Delaware County (2 seats)
- Dutchess County (3 seats)
- Erie County (3 seats)
- Essex County (1 seat)
- Franklin County (1 seat)
- Fulton and Hamilton counties (1 seat)
- Genesee County (4 seats)
- Greene County (2 seats)
- Herkimer County (2 seats)
- Jefferson County (3 seats)
- Kings County (2 seats)
- Lewis County (1 seat)
- Livingston County (2 seats)
- Madison County (3 seats)
- Monroe County (3 seats)
- Montgomery County (2 seats)
- The City and County of New York (13 seats)
- Niagara County (2 seats)
- Oneida County (4 seats)
- Onondaga County (4 seats)
- Ontario County (3 seats)
- Orange County (3 seats)
- Orleans County (1 seat)
- Oswego County (2 seats)
- Otsego County (3 seats)
- Putnam County (1 seat)
- Queens County (1 seat)
- Rensselaer County (3 seats)
- Richmond County (1 seat)
- Rockland County (1 seat)
- St. Lawrence County (2 seats)
- Saratoga County (2 seats)
- Schenectady County (1 seat)
- Schoharie County (2 seats)
- Seneca County (1 seat)
- Steuben County (3 seats)
- Suffolk County (2 seats)
- Sullivan County (1 seat)
- Tioga County (1 seat)
- Tompkins County (2 seats)
- Ulster County (2 seats)
- Warren County (1 seat)
- Washington (2 seats)
- Wayne County (2 seats)
- Westchester County (2 seats)
- Yates County (1 seat)
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the result given in The New Yorker.
- Clerk: Philander B. Prindle
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Minos McGowen
- Doorkeeper: Samuel Francis Jr.
- Assistant Doorkeeper: Abraham H. Grovesteen
- see Journal of the Senate (63rd Session) (1840; pg. 4)
- see Senate Journal, pg. 100ff
- see A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1871; pg. 119–141)
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [pg. 109 and 441 for Senate districts; pg. 132 for senators; pg. 148f for Assembly districts; pg. 223f for assemblymen]
- The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 2, Phinney & Co., Buffalo, 1850; pg. 517 to 528)
- The Politician's Register published by Horace Greeley (1840; pg. 55f)
- A Political Register for 1840 published by E. C. Markley (Philadelphia, 1840; pg. 17f)
- The New Yorker (issue of November 16, 1839)