In the year following 1 Car 1 (1625), brick buildings were erected in the Pump Court. In 1637 (13 Car 1), the rest of the brick buildings in the Pump Court were set up.
Many famous figures have lived in Pump Court including William Blackstone, William Cowper, Henry Fielding, Lord Russell of Killowen and Viscount Alverstone, his successor as Lord Chief Justice of England. There is a sundial with a motto that reads "shadows we are and like shadows depart" to remind the residents of the ephemeral character of their occupancy. This sun dial was put up in 1686, and there is an entry in the accounts in respect of it which reads "25th Nov. 1686 Sun Dial in Pump Court £6. 5. 0." It is renovated periodically, and on each of these occasions it was customary for the year and the initials of the Treasurer for the time being to be placed in the centre of the dial. It was restored in 1861. After it was renovated and repainted in 1903, the inscription in the centre read "T. Sir R. B. F. 1903" the Treasurer of the Middle Temple for that year being the Attorney General, Sir Robert Finlay. The insignia of the Middle Temple, the Lamb and Flag, "stood out very boldly" in gold at the top, and the motto was at the bottom. The inscription in the centre was subsequently replaced with "T O M 1686".
1 Pump Court
The Filazers', Exigenters' and Clerk of the Outlawries' Office for the Court of King's Bench was here. These officers were so called from the French word Fil, or thread, because they filed or threaded the writs. Thomas Kenyon was Filazer, Exigenter and Clerk of the Outlawries, and Andrew Edge was Filazer for Essex and Monmouthshire.
3 Pump Court
The Warrant of Attorney Office was here. This was an address of William Draper Best MP. This is now home to the Chambers of Oba Nsugbe QC SAN and has been a western circuit set of barristers chambers since approximately 1943. It now comprises 99 barristers and 12 clerks.
4 Pump Court
5 Pump Court
References and sources
- Lockie, John. "Pump Court, Temple" in Lockie's Topography of London. 2nd Ed. London. 1810. Page 274.
- Wheatley and Cunningham. "Pump Court, Temple" in London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions. CUP. Page 131.
- Herbert, W. Antiquities of the Inns of Court and Chancery. London. 1804. Page 245.
- Bellot, Hugh H L. The Inner and Middle Temple: Legal, Literary, and Historic Associations. Methuen & Company. 1902. Page 300.
- Arthur Robert Ingpen (ed). Master Worsley's Book on the History and Constitution of the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple. Chiswick Press. 1910. Pages 85 and 86. Google Books.
- (1903) 116 The Law Times 7 (7 November 1903) Google Books
- Margaret Gatty. The Book of Sun-Dials. Bell and Daldy. York Street, Covent Garden, London. 1872. Number 255 at page 96.
- Sundial, Pump Court, Inner Temple. National Recording Project. Public Monuments and Sculpture Association (PMSA).
- Sun-dial in Middle Temple. PBS LearningMedia.
- Hamilton, John Andrew (1887). Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- James Elmes. "Filazers', Exigenters' and Clerk of the Outlawries' Office" in A Topographical Dictionary of London and Its Environs. Whittaker, Treacher and Arnot. Ave Maria Lane, London. 1831. Page 191.
- Hands, William. A Practical Treatise on Fines and Recoveries in the Court of Common Pleas. 4th Ed. Joseph Butterworth and Son. Fleet Street, London. 1825. Page 411.
- Joshua Montefiore. Commercial Dictionary. London. 1803. Page xxxii.
- Ed Glinert. "Pump Court" in Literary London. Penguin. 2007. ISBN 9780141901596. Page 161.
- Rubinstein, William D. "Oppenheim, Morris Simeon" in The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Palgrave Macmillan. 2011. Page 732.
- Bellot, Hugh. The Inner and Middle Temple: Legal, Literary, and Historic Associations. Methuen & Company. 1902. Google Books. Internet Archive.
- "Notes on Pump Court" (1935) 180 The Law Times 279 & 317 Google Books
- Richardson, John. "Fire at the Middle Temple" in The Annals of London. University of California Press. 2000. Page 155.