|Ab urbe condita||1345|
|Balinese saka calendar||513–514|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)|
3288 or 3228
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
3289 or 3229
|- Vikram Samvat||648–649|
|- Shaka Samvat||513–514|
|- Kali Yuga||3692–3693|
|Iranian calendar||30 BP – 29 BP|
|Islamic calendar||31 BH – 30 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1320 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||903/904 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1134–1135|
718 or 337 or −435
— to —
719 or 338 or −434
Year 592 (DXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 592 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Emperor Maurice regains the Byzantine stronghold Singidunum (modern Belgrade) from the Avars. By counter-invading their homelands on the Balkans, Byzantine troops increase their pay by pillaging in hostile territory.
- January 28 – King Guntram, age 59, dies after a 31-year reign and is succeeded by his nephew Childebert II, who becomes ruler of Burgundy. He is buried at Saint Marcellus of Chalons church in Chalon-sur-Saône (Eastern France).
- Ariulf, previously Lombard commander in the war against Persia, becomes the second Duke of Spoleto (Central Italy).
- Battle of Woden's Burg: After the mass killing at Woden's Burg, near Marlborough (South West England), Ceawlin is deposed as king of the West Saxons. His son Cuthwine is taken prisoner and goes into exile.
- Ceol succeeds his uncle Ceawlin after his defeat at Woden's Burg. He becomes king of Wessex (according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle).
- Summer – Emperor Wéndi reduces taxes, due to an overflowing abundance of food and silk in the governmental stores. He sends messengers around central China, redistributing land to give the poor farming land.
- December 8 – Emperor Sushun of Japan is murdered after 5 years on the throne by agents of his rival Umako Soga, who is jealous of the emperor's power. He is succeeded by Suiko, widow of the late emperor Bidatsu.
- Winter – Empress Suiko moves the imperial capital of Japan to Asuka-Toyura Palace (Nara Prefecture) during the Asuka period.
- 'Amr ibn al-'As, Arab general (approximate date)
- Asmā' bint Abi Bakr, companion of Muhammad
- Cutha Cathwulf, prince of Wessex (approximate date)
- Itta, wife of Pepin of Landen (d. 652)
- Khalid ibn al-Walid, Arab general (d. 642)
- Xu Jingzong, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 672)
- Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kingdoms 450–751, p. 91