|37th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry|
Massachusetts state flag
|Active||July 1862–April 1865|
|Country||United States of America|
The regiment was formed in September 1862 at Camp Briggs under Major Oliver Edwards and served until the end of the war in April 1865. Companies A, B, and C were Zouaves units known as the "Tremont Zouaves" under the command of Capt. C.S. Bird. Their uniforms consisted of a dark blue jacket with red trim, a long red wool sash, chasseur trousers of dark blue wool, a red stocking fez cap, and white canvas leggings.
The 37th Massachusetts saw action at many battles including Fredricksburg and Gettysburg, including duty in New York City after the draft riot. They participated in the Siege of Petersburg and the final pursuit and destruction of Robert E. Lee's army.
It was formed from volunteers mainly from the far western counties of Massachusetts, and it subsequently absorbed members of other units (notably the 7th and the 10th Massachusetts) in May and June 1864. The 37th was one of the first regiments to be issued the new Spencer repeating rifle, on July 15, 1864, increasing their firepower. During service in the regiment a total of 4 Officers and 165 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, and 92 enlisted men were killed by disease. Total 261.
During the Battle of Sailor's Creek Virginia, April 6, 1865, Private David Dunnels White of the 37th Massachusetts Regiment, was credited with capturing Confederate Major General George Washington Custis Lee, eldest son of the famed General Robert E. Lee.
- "History of the Thirty-Seventh Regiment, Mass. Volunteers in the Civil War of 1861-1865 : with a comprehensive sketch of the doings of Massachusetts as a state, and of the principal campaigns of the war : Bowen, James L. (James Lorenzo), 1842-1919 : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
- "The 37th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment". Mycivilwar.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2012-06-28.