|24th Mechanized Brigade|
24th Mechanized Division
24th Motor Rifle Division
24th Rifle Division
1st Simbirsk Infantry Division
(26 Jul – Nov, 1918)
|Ukrainian: 24-та окрема механізована бригада імені короля Данила|
24th Mechanized Brigade shoulder sleeve patch
|Active||26 July 1918 – present|
|Country|| Soviet Union|
|Part of||Operational Command West|
(1 July 2006-present)
13th Army Corps
(before 1 July 2006)
(formerly Soviet 13th Army)
|Nickname(s)||Iron Brigade (former)|
Iron Division (former)
"In Iron Division - iron soul, iron will and iron step." (former)
|Engagements||Russian Civil War|
World War II
War in Donbass
|Decorations|| Order of the October Revolution (removed)|
Order of the Red Banner (3) (removed)
Order of Suvorov (removed)
Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky (removed)
|Battle honours||King Daniel of Galicia|
Prince Daniel of Galicia(removed)
|Colonel Anatoly Shevchenko|
The brigade, the oldest in continuous service within the Ground Forces, was originally formed as the 1st Simbirsk Infantry Division in 1918 during the Russian Civil War. The unit was soon renamed the 24th Rifle Division. It fought in the Winter War and World War II, during which it was destroyed during Operation Barbarossa.
Reformed without inheriting the lineage of the first formation, the second formation of the 24th gained the Berdichev honorific for its actions during the Zhitomir–Berdichev Offensive in late 1943, and was given the battle flag and traditions of the first formation in early 1944 to preserve historical continuity.
The division became a motor rifle division in 1957. The full name of the division was the 24th Samaro-Ulyanovsk Motor Rifle Berdychivska, Iron, Order of the October Revolution, Thrice Red Banner, Orders of Suvorov and Bogdan Khmelnytsky Division. In 1992, it was taken over by Ukraine and became the 24th Mechanized Division. In 2003, it was downsized to a brigade.
The brigade saw its first combat in almost 70 years during the War in Donbass from 2014. Its Soviet honorifics were progressively removed and replaced with the King Daniel of Galicia honorific following the beginning of the War in Donbass.
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Formation and Early Wars
The division was formed on the order of the Revolutionary Military Council on July 26, 1918, from voluntary groups under the name 1st Simbirsk Infantry Division. In November 1918 it was renamed as the 24th Simbirsk Rifle Division. It actively participated in the Russian Civil War in the Volga region, in the Southern Urals Mountains, and in Polissya and Volhynia. At this time one of its regimental commanders was a future Army General Maksim Purkayev.
In 1922 it was renamed as the 24th Samaro-Simbirsk Iron Rifle Division. In 1924 it was again renamed as the 24th Samaro-Ulyanovsk Iron Rifle Division. In 1939-1940, during the Russo-Finnish War the division distinguished itself during the breaking of the Mannerheim Line on the Karelian isthmus.
World War II
The division participated in fighting from the first days after the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. The division staff showed mass heroism when the German opponents arrived in the Lidy area. It also took part in the Kiev defensive operation, and as part of the 21st Rifle Corps and 13th Army, was involved in heavy defensive fighting in Belarus.
Reportedly because the division's banner divisional colours were lost in the Minsk area it was disbanded on December 27, 1941. As was found out later, that the instructor of the political department of the division, senior Commissar A. V. Barbashev had the Banner while the division was trying to break out of the German encirclement. Barbashev died on August 6, 1941, near Anyutino village Cherykaw Raion Mogilev Oblast. Local farmer D.N. Tyapin later found the stained Banner on the officers corpse. He buried the body and the Banner in the local cemetery.
After clearing the village of Anyutino by the Red Army the Banner was taken out of the cemetery and directed on to restoration. On February 20, 1944 the restored Banner of the former division was handed over to the 24th Rifle Division (2nd formation). For his finding of the division's Banner, D.N. Tyapin has been honoured by being forever listed on the rolls of the 1st company of one of the division's regiments.
The 24th Rifle Division was reformed on 7 January 1942 by renumbering the 412th Rifle Division, which had been formed in Kirov Oblast as part of the Arkhangelsk Military District in December 1941 from the 48th Reserve Rifle Brigade. The 412th included the 1355th, 1357th, and 1358th Rifle Regiments in addition to the 1022nd Artillery Regiment and the 910th Separate Communications Battalions, along with smaller units. It was relocated to the southwestern part of Vologda Oblast before being renumbered as the 24th. The new division did not inherit the traditions of the Iron Division, although it reused the regimental numbers of the latter. Personnel from the 29th Reserve Rifle Brigade and the 385th Howitzer Artillery Regiment formed the new 24th along with others from the Arkhangelsk Military District.
The Division participated in Battle of Stalingrad, the Donbass offensive operation, clearing of Left-bank Ukraine, in Zhitomir–Berdichev Offensive, Proskurov–Chernovitsy Offensive, Lviv - Sandomierz, East - Carpathian, Western - Carpathian, Moravia - Ostrava and the Prague offensive operations.
On July 10, 1945, the division was disbanded, and its number given to the 294th Rifle Division which became the 24th Rifle Division (3rd formation).
In 1957, the 24th Rifle Division became the 24th Motor Rifle Division. The redesignation occurred at Yavorov, Lvov Oblast, Carpathian Military District, and the division, later brigade, has been based there since that date. On 21 February 1968, it was awarded the Order of the October Revolution. In 1982, the division was to be upgraded to an army corps (on the lines of the 5th Guards and 48th Guards in Belorussia and the Transbaikal), but the plans were cancelled. The division was used as a testbed for new equipment.
Part of the Ukrainian Armed Forces
After the disintegration of the Soviet Union the division became part of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. On April 19, 2001, by the decree of Leonid Kuchma N 268/2001, the division was awarded the designation Daniel of Halych. In 2003 the division was redesignated as 24th Mechanized Brigade "Daniel of Galicia".
The brigade fought in the War in Donbass in 2014 and 2015. In September 2014 elements of the brigade were alleged to have abandoned their positions after suffering heavy losses. On 18 November 2015, the brigade's full title was shortened to remove Soviet awards and honorifics and it became the 24th Separate Berdichev Iron Mechanized Brigade "Prince Daniel of Halych". On 23 August 2017, the honorifics were changed, with the brigade dropping the remaining Soviet titles and becoming the 24th Separate Mechanized Brigade "King Daniel of Halych".
In February 2016, soldiers of the brigade's 1st Battalion conducted training with American, Canadian and Lithuanian instructors in Lviv.
As of December 2019, 152 soldiers of the brigade were killed during the War in Donbass.
Order of Battle
- 7th Rifle Regiment
- 168th Rifle Regiment
- 274th Rifle Regiment
- 246th Guards Artillery Regiment
- 160th Reconnaissance Battalion
- 315th Separate Armor Battalion
Late Soviet Period ~1988
- 181st Tank Regiment
- 7th Motor Rifle Regiment (Lvov)
- 310th Motor Rifle Regiment (Рава-Русская)
- 274th Motor Rifle Regiment
- 849th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment
- 257th Guards Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment
- 181st Separate Armor Regiment
- 7th Mechanized Regiment
- 274th Mechanized Regiment
- 310th Mechanized Regiment
- 56th Signal Battalion
- 29th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
- 30th Chemical Battalion
- 306th Engineer Battalion
- 849th Artillery Regiment
- 396th Combat Service Support Battalion
- Headquarters & Headquarters Company, Yavoriv
- 1st Mechanized Battalion
- 2nd Mechanized Battalion
- 3rd Mechanized Battalion
- Tank Battalion
- 3rd Motorized Infantry Battalion "Volya"
- Brigade Artillery Group
- Anti-Aircraft Missile Artillery Battalion
- Engineer Battalion
- Maintenance Battalion
- Logistic Battalion
- Reconnaissance Company
- Sniper Company
- Electronic Warfare Company
- Signal Company
- Radar Company
- CBRN-defense Company
- Medical Company
- Brigade Band
- 1918 - awarded Honorable banner of Supreme Soviet
- On September, 28th 1918 awarded the Revolutionary Red Banner of Honor
- On December, 13th 1920 was given the honorable name "Samara"
- On October, 25th 1921 was given the honorable name "Iron"
- 1928 awarded the Honorable Revolutionary Red Banner
- On February, 1st 1933 received the Order of the Red Banner
- On April, 11th 1940 received the Order of the Red Banner (for operations in Winter war)
- January 1944 has received the honorable name «Berdychivskaya»
- 1944 received Order of Suvorov of 2-nd class (for clearing of the city of Chernivtsi)
- 1944 received Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 2-nd degree (for an output(exit) in foothills of Carpathian mountains)
- October 5, 1967, received the Order of the Red Banner
- 1978 received the Order of the October Revolution
- 17 soldiers of a division were awarded ranks of the Hero of the Soviet Union.
- About 9,000 of the Division's soldiers received awards and medals
- On May 19, 2001, awarded Danylo of Halych designation.
- On August 23, 2017, awarded King Danylo designation.
Notable division personnel included:
- Chairman of the Supreme body of USSR Shvernik, Nikolay Mikhajlovich
- The marshal of Soviet Union Ivan Stepanovich Konev
- 6 generals of army, 2 commanders of 2-nd rank, 11 general-colonels, 25 general-lieutenants, 68 general-majors.
- Igor Rodionov, later Russian Defence Minister - during Soviet period as 24th Motor Rifle Division
- Defector 'Viktor Suvorov' (Viktor Rezun)
- Gai G. D. - July 27 – November 20, 1918
- Pavlovskiy V. I. - November 20, 1918 – February 2, 1919
- Vilymson E. F. - February 2 – April 25, 1919
- Myretov M. V. - April 25 – April 30, 1919
- Pavlovskiy V. I. - April 30, 1919 – July 21, 1920
- Myretov M. V. - July 21, 1920 – January 11, 1921
- Colonel Vasiliev - January 1938 -
- Major Filipp Fedorovich Alyabushev - August–December 1936
- Colonel Pyotr Yevgenyevich Veshchev - June 1938 – December 6, 1939 (KIA)
- Major General Kuzma Galitsky - December 23, 1939 – July 1941 Galitsky's order of withdrawal of command was dated on 26 December 1941, but he had been in other positions since July.
- Major General Terenty Batsanov - 15 July – 20 September, 1941
- Major General Fedor Alexandrovich Prohorov January 1, 1942 – May 11, 1945
- Lieutenant Colonel Lendar Kharakhalil - July 12, 2007
- Colonel Volodymyr Trunovskyi July 12, 2007 – 2010
- Colonel Oleksandr Pavyluk 2010-2015
- Colonel Anatoly Shevchenko February 2015 – present
- 24-я "Железная" дивизия
- (in Ukrainian) 0 troops from Lviv killed near Slavic - Sekh, Ukrayinska Pravda (19 June 2014)
- Viktor Suvorov, Inside the Soviet Army, Rear Supplies, Hamish Hamilton
- Pavlov 1987, p. 89.
- Holm, Michael. "24th Motorised Rifle Division". ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- Про присвоєння почесного найменування "імені князя Дани...| від 19.04.2001 № 268/2001
- Від початку АТО у дезертирстві звинуватили щонайменше три батальйони
- "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №646/2015" [Ukrainian Presidential Decree No. 646/2015]. Website of the President of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №234/2017 [Ukrainian Presidential Decree No. 234/2017]. Website of the President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). 23 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- На Львівщині інструктори НАТО навчають українців протистояти агресору [In Lviv NATO instructors teach Ukrainian soldiers to confront the aggressor]. mil.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 8 February 2016. Archived from the original on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- Turchynov declares escalation of tensions in Donbas conflict zone, Interfax-Ukrainian (25 May 2018)
- "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №234/2017" [Ukrainian Presidential Decree No. 234/2017].
- "Страница военно-патриотического клуба "Память" Воронежского госуниверситета". samsv.narod.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- "Biography of Major-General Flipp Fedorovich Aliabushev - (Филипп Федорович Алябушев) (1893 – 1941), Soviet Union". generals.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- "Вещев Пётр Евгеньевич". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- "Галицкий Кузьма Никитович". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- Соединения сухопутных войск Западного фронта к 22 июня 1941 года
- "24-я мотострелковая Железная дивизия". zeldiv24.narod.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- "БАЦАНОВ Терентий Кириллович |". myfront.in.ua. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- Pavlov, Ivan Nikolayevich (1987). Легендарная Железная: Боевой путь Мотострелковой Самаро-Ульяновской, Бердичевской Железной ордена Октябрьской Революции, трижды Краснознамённой, орденов Суворова и Богдана Хмельницкого дивизии [Legendary Iron: The Battle Path of the Samara-Ulyanovsk, Berdichev Iron Order of the October Revolution, Thrice Red Banner, Orders of Suvorov and Bogdan Khmelnitsky Motor Rifle Division] (in Russian). Moscow: Voenizdat.
- V.A. Andrianov, The legendary Iron Division is 85, Military Thought, 2003 (subscription required)