2016–17 PBA season
|Duration||November 20, 2016 – October 27, 2017|
|Number of teams||12|
|TV partner(s)||Local: |
PBA Rush (HD)
|Top draft pick||Carl Bryan Cruz|
|Picked by||Alaska Aces|
|Philippine Cup champions||San Miguel Beermen|
|Runners-up||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel|
|Commissioner's Cup champions||San Miguel Beermen|
|Governors' Cup champions||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel|
|Season MVP||June Mar Fajardo |
(San Miguel Beermen)
|Top scorer||Terrence Romeo |
The 2016–17 PBA season is the 42nd season of the Philippine Basketball Association. The league continues to use the three-conference format, starting with the Philippine Cup. The Commissioner's Cup and the Governors' Cup are the second and third conferences in the upcoming season.
- 1 Executive board
- 2 Teams
- 3 Arenas
- 4 Transactions
- 5 Notable events
- 6 Opening ceremonies
- 7 2016–17 Philippine Cup
- 8 2017 Commissioner's Cup
- 9 2017 Governors' Cup
- 10 Individual awards
- 11 Statistics
- 12 Cumulative standings
- 13 References
- 14 External links
- Andres Narvasa, Jr. (Commissioner)
- Michael Romero (Chairman, representing GlobalPort Batang Pier)
- Ramoncito Fernandez (Vice-Chairman, representing NLEX Road Warriors)
- Richard Bachmann (Treasurer, representing Alaska Aces)
|Team||Outgoing coach||Manner of departure||Date of vacancy||Position in standings||Replaced with||Date of appointment|
|GlobalPort Batang Pier||Johnedel Cardel||Demoted to assistant coach||Preseason||N/A||Franz Pumaren||November 25, 2016|
Like several Metro Manila-centric leagues, most games are held at arenas within Metro Manila, either the Smart Araneta Coliseum or the Mall of Asia Arena, and sometimes, in the Ynares Center in Antipolo. Games outside this area are called "out-of-town" games, and are usually played on Saturdays. Provincial arenas usually host one game, rarely two; these arenas typically host only once per season, but a league may return within a season if the turnout is satisfactory.
Typically, all playoff games are held in Metro Manila arenas, although playoff and Finals games have been seldom played in the provinces.
|Filoil Flying V Centre||San Juan|
|Mall of Asia Arena||Pasay|
|Smart Araneta Coliseum||Quezon City|
Highlighted are playoff games.
|Xavier University Gym||Cagayan de Oro||December 17, 2016||San Miguel vs. NLEX|
|Philippine Arena||Bocaue, Bulacan||December 25, 2016||Mahindra vs. Blackwater|
Barangay Ginebra vs. Star
|October 22, 2017||Barangay Ginebra vs. Meralco|
|October 25, 2017|
|October 27, 2017|
|Angeles University Foundation Sports Arena||Angeles||January 7, 2017||NLEX vs. TNT|
|September 2, 2017||San Miguel vs. Alaska|
|University of San Agustin Gym||Iloilo City||January 14, 2017||Barangay Ginebra vs. Meralco|
|Hoops Dome||Lapu-Lapu City||January 21, 2017||GlobalPort vs. San Miguel|
|August 26, 2017||Barangay Ginebra vs. Alaska|
|Quezon Convention Center||Lucena||February 26, 2017||Barangay Ginebra vs. San Miguel|
|October 13, 2017||Barangay Ginebra vs. Meralco|
|Mindanao Civic Center||Tubod, Lanao del Norte||March 25, 2017||Star vs. GlobalPort|
|University of Southeastern Philippines Gym||Davao City||April 1, 2017||Barangay Ginebra vs. Phoenix|
|Batangas City Sports Center||Batangas City||May 6, 2017||Rain or Shine vs. Star|
|October 4, 2017||TNT vs. Barangay Ginebra|
|Ibalong Centrum for Recreation||Legazpi, Albay||May 20, 2017||TNT vs. Alaska|
|Alonte Sports Arena||Biñan||May 26, 2017||Rain or Shine vs. GlobalPort|
Barangay Ginebra vs. Blackwater
|October 1, 2017||Star vs. Meralco|
|Calasiao Sports Complex||Calasiao, Pangasinan||August 5, 2017||Barangay Ginebra vs. NLEX|
|Santa Rosa Sports Complex||Santa Rosa, Laguna||September 9, 2017||Star vs. Meralco|
|October 3, 2017|
- September 10, 2016: Michael Burtscher officially announced his retirement after playing 5 seasons in the PBA.
- November 3, 2016: Jimmy Alapag officially announced his retirement after playing 13 seasons in the PBA.
- November 18, 2016: Yousef Taha officially announced that he left the country back to his hometown Kuwait, thereby ending his PBA career. Taha, though not officially retiring, said that he left for personal reasons and "he felt that it is best for him to not continue his PBA career". Taha played for five different teams in his 4 seasons in the league. However, he returned to the country to play again a year later.
- November 19, 2016: Nelbert Omolon officially announced his retirement after playing 12 seasons in the PBA to focus on his agribusiness career.
- November 27, 2016: Eddie Laure officially announced his retirement after playing 12 seasons in the PBA to focus on new role as coach for UST.
- December 15, 2016: Rob Reyes officially announced his retirement after playing 8 seasons in the PBA.
- May 7, 2017: Eric Menk officially announced his retirement after playing 16 seasons in the PBA.
- September 2, 2017: Mick Pennisi officially announced his retirement after playing 17 seasons in the PBA.
- October 7, 2016: Yeng Guiao resigned as coach of the Rain or Shine Elasto Painters. Assistant coach Caloy Garcia takes over as head coach of the Elasto Painters. Guiao was then signed as the head coach of the NLEX Road Warriors replacing Boyet Fernandez, who will still be with NLEX on a different capacity.
- October 14, 2016: Star Hotshots head coach Jason Webb was appointed as team consultant. Chito Victolero will take over as the Hotshots' head coach.
- October 22, 2016: TNT KaTropa appointed Nash Racela to be its head coach replacing Jong Uichico.
- November 25, 2016: GlobalPort Batang Pier formally appointed team consultant Franz Pumaren to be its head coach replacing Johnedel Cardel, who was then relegated as an assistant coach.
- The Mahindra Enforcer silently changed their name to Mahindra Floodbuster. The team's new logo debuted during the league's annual draft.
- November 14 – The PBA officially launched its own smartphone application named "PBA: The App" which is currently available on Google Play and Apple App Store. The app featured news articles, scores, schedules, stats of the games and profiles of the teams and players.
- December 25 – The league held its Christmas games at the Philippine Arena, featuring games between Blackwater Elite vs Mahindra Floodbuster and Barangay Ginebra San Miguel vs Star Hotshots. This is the second time the league held its games at the venue.
- The San Miguel Beermen won their third straight Philippine Cup championship against Barangay Ginebra San Miguel, four games to one. The Beermen also became the second PBA franchise to keep permanent possession of the Jun Bernardino Trophy.
- The league took two week-long breaks during the Commissioner's Cup: first during the All-Star Week (April 26 to 30) and second during the Philippines' hosting of the SEABA Championship (May 12 to 18).
- A different All-Star Week format was adopted for this season. Three PBA All-Star teams, one each with players representing Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao pitted against Gilas Pilipinas, the men's national basketball team. Gilas Pilipinas players played for the PBA All-Star team if they hail to the game's host region.
- PBA Chairman Mikee Romero was issued with a warrant of arrest by the Manila Regional Trial Court over allegations that he stole P3.4 million from his family’s company Harbour Centre Port Terminal Inc. While Romero will remain as the PBA Chairman, Ramoncito Fernandez of the NLEX Road Warriors will be the acting chairman of the board of governors during Romero's absence.
- April 28 – After the Luzon leg of the All-Star Week, Gilas Pilipinas coach Chot Reyes announced the 12 man lineup that will compete for the SEABA Championship. Subsequently, the All-Star Game team lineups for the Visayas leg scheduled on April 30 were altered. June Mar Fajardo and Terrence Romeo, originally supposed to play for the PBA Visayas All-Stars were transferred to the Gilas Pilipinas team. LA Tenorio and Rabeh Al-Hussaini replaced them in the PBA Visayas All-Stars lineup.
- May 28 – Barangay Ginebra San Miguel wore their throwback 1991 Ginebra San Miguel jerseys in honor of the team who won the 1991 First Conference championship coming from a 1-3 deficit.
- June 14 – Barangay Ginebra San Miguel wore their throwback 1996 Ginebra San Miguel jerseys.
- The Mahindra Floodbuster changed their name to Kia Picanto. The team's new logo and uniforms debuted at the opening day of the Governors' Cup on July 19.
- August 26 – Barangay Ginebra San Miguel wore their throwback 2001 Barangay Ginebra Kings jerseys in honor of the team who won PBA championships from 2004 to 2008.
- October 22 - Game 5 of the Governors' Cup Finals between Barangay Ginebra and Meralco held at the Philippine Arena set the all-time PBA finals attendance record of 36,445, breaking the previous record of 23,436 fans during Game 3 of the 2013 Commissioner's Cup between Alaska and Barangay Ginebra.
- October 25 - 53,642 fans attended Game 6 of the Governors' Cup Finals at the Philippine Arena. This record broke the finals attendance record as well as the all-time overall attendance record of 52,612, set during the opening of 2014–15 season on October 19, 2014.
- October 27 - Game 7 of the Governors' Cup finals broke the records set on October 22 and October 25 as 54,086 fans watched the series clinching game between Barangay Ginebra and Meralco.
The opening ceremonies for this season was held at the Smart Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City on November 20, 2016. The first game of the Philippine Cup between the Star Hotshots and the San Miguel Beermen immediately followed.
The muses for the participating teams are as follows:
|Alaska Aces||Ciara Bachmann|
|Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||Kim Domingo|
|Blackwater Elite||Daiana Menezes and Janelle Olafson|
|GlobalPort Batang Pier||Valeen Montenegro|
|Mahindra Floodbuster||Sophie Rankin|
|Meralco Bolts||Maxine Medina|
|NLEX Road Warriors||Margo Midwinter|
|Phoenix Fuel Masters||Sofia Andres and Elisse Joson|
|Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||Justine Mae San Jose|
|San Miguel Beermen||Yassi Pressman|
|Star Hotshots||Kylie Verzosa|
|TNT KaTropa||Angelica Alita|
2016–17 Philippine Cup
|1||San Miguel Beermen||10||1||.909||—||Twice-to-beat in the quarterfinals|
|3||Star Hotshots||7||4||.636[a]||3||Best-of-three quarterfinals|
|5||GlobalPort Batang Pier||6||5||.545[b]||4|
|6||Phoenix Fuel Masters||6||5||.545[b]||4|
|7||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||6||5||.545[b]||4||Twice-to-win in the quarterfinals|
|8||Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||5||6||.455[c]||5|
|12||NLEX Road Warriors||2||9||.182||8|
- Alaska wins tiebreaker against Star via head-to-head record.
- TNT wins tiebreaker against GlobalPort, Phoenix and Barangay Ginebra by highest quotient. TNT is 1.09; GlobalPort is 1.00; Phoenix is 0.96; Barangay Ginebra is 0.94.
- Rain or Shine wins tiebreaker against Blackwater by winning the seeding playoff for 8th seed.
- Mahindra wins tiebreaker against Meralco via head-to-head record.
|8||Rain or Shine||91|
|(#2 twice-to-beat)||7||Barangay Ginebra||1|
- Philippine Cup Finals: (1) San Miguel def. (7) Barangay Ginebra, 4 games to 1
- Best Player of the Conference: June Mar Fajardo (San Miguel Beermen)
2017 Commissioner's Cup
|1||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||9||2||.818[a]||—||Twice-to-beat in the quarterfinals|
|2||San Miguel Beermen||9||2||.818[a]||—|
|3||Star Hotshots||9||2||.818[a]||—||Best-of-three quarterfinals|
|6||Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||5||6||.455||4|
|7||Phoenix Fuel Masters||4||7||.364[b]||5||Twice-to-win in the quarterfinals|
|8||GlobalPort Batang Pier||4||7||.364[b]||5|
|12||NLEX Road Warriors||2||9||.182[c]||7|
- Barangay Ginebra wins tiebreaker against San Miguel and Star via best head-to-head record. Barangay Ginebra is 2–0; San Miguel is 1–1; Star is 0–2.
- Phoenix wins tiebreaker against Alaska and Globalport via best head-to-head record. Phoenix is 2–0; Alaska is 1–1; GlobalPort is 0–2. GlobalPort then won the seeding playoff for 8th seed against Alaska.
- Blackwater wins tiebreaker against NLEX via head-to-head record.
|(#2 twice-to-beat)||2||San Miguel||4|
|6||Rain or Shine||0|
- Commissioner's Cup Finals: (2) San Miguel def. (4) TNT, 4 games to 2
- Best Player of the Conference: Chris Ross (San Miguel Beermen)
- Bobby Parks Best Import of the Conference: Charles Rhodes (San Miguel Beermen)
2017 Governors' Cup
|1||Meralco Bolts||9||2||.818||—||Twice-to-beat in the quarterfinals|
|3||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||8||3||.727[a]||1|
|5||NLEX Road Warriors||7||4||.636[b]||2||Twice-to-win in the quarterfinals|
|6||San Miguel Beermen||7||4||.636[b]||2|
|7||Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||7||4||.636[b]||2|
|10||GlobalPort Batang Pier||3||8||.273[c]||6|
|11||Phoenix Fuel Masters||2||9||.182||7|
- TNT wins tiebreaker against Barangay Ginebra via head-to-head record.
- Star wins tiebreaker against NLEX, San Miguel and Rain or Shine by highest quotient. Star is 1.04; NLEX is 1.01; San Miguel is 0.99; Rain or Shine is 0.96.
- Alaska wins tiebreaker against GlobalPort via head-to-head record.
|(#2 twice-to-beat)||3||Barangay Ginebra||4|
|7||Rain or Shine||106||114|
|(#3 twice-to-beat)||3||Barangay Ginebra||3|
- Governors' Cup Finals: (3) Barangay Ginebra def. (1) Meralco, 4 games to 3
- Best Player of the Conference: Greg Slaughter (Barangay Ginebra San Miguel)
- Bobby Parks Best Import of the Conference: Allen Durham (Meralco Bolts)
- Most Valuable Player: June Mar Fajardo (San Miguel)
- Rookie of the Year: Roger Pogoy (TNT)
- First Mythical Team:
- Second Mythical Team:
- All-Defensive Team:
- Most Improved Player: Chris Ross (San Miguel)
- Samboy Lim Sportsmanship Award: Gabe Norwood (Rain or Shine)
Awards given by the PBA Press Corps
- Scoring Champion: Terrence Romeo (GlobalPort)
- Baby Dalupan Coach of the Year: Leo Austria (San Miguel)
- Mr. Quality Minutes: Jio Jalalon (Star)
- Bogs Adornado Comeback Player of the Year: Kelly Williams (TNT)
- Danny Floro Executive of the Year: Ramon S. Ang (San Miguel Corporation teams)
- Defensive Player of the Year: Chris Ross (San Miguel)
- Order of Merit: LA Tenorio (Barangay Ginebra)
- All-Rookie Team
- All-Interview Team
- Game of the Season: Barangay Ginebra San Miguel vs. Star Hotshots (September 3, 2017, Governors' Cup eliminations)
Individual statistical leaders
|Points per game||Terrence Romeo||GlobalPort Batang Pier||23.2|
|Rebounds per game||June Mar Fajardo||San Miguel Beermen||12.5|
|Assists per game||Chris Ross||San Miguel Beermen||7.3|
|Steals per game||Chris Ross||San Miguel Beermen||2.8|
|Blocks per game||June Mar Fajardo||San Miguel Beermen||2.1|
|Turnovers per game||Terrence Romeo||GlobalPort Batang Pier||4.1|
|Fouls per game||Mark Barroca||Star Hotshots||3.5|
|Minutes per game||Stanley Pringle||GlobalPort Batang Pier||37.1|
|FG%||June Mar Fajardo||San Miguel Beermen||61.0%|
|FT%||Mark Yee||Kia Picanto||88.1%|
|3FG%||Mark Yee||Kia Picanto||50.0%|
|Double-doubles||June Mar Fajardo||San Miguel Beermen||28|
|Points per game||Brandon Brown||Phoenix Fuel Masters||34.8||Governors'|
|Rebounds per game||Greg Smith||Blackwater Elite||22.1||Commissioner's|
|Assists per game||Michael Craig||TNT KaTropa||6.7||Governors'|
|Steals per game||Murphy Holloway||GlobalPort Batang Pier||2.9||Governors'|
|Blocks per game||Brandon Brown||Phoenix Fuel Masters||3.2||Governors'|
|Turnovers per game||Geron Johnson||Kia Picanto||8.0||Governors'|
|Fouls per game||Jabril Trawick||GlobalPort Batang Pier||6.0||Governors'|
|Minutes per game||Henry Walker||Blackwater Elite||44.7||Governors'|
|FG%||Charles Rhodes||San Miguel Beermen||64.1%||Commissioner's|
|FT%||LaDontae Henton||Alaska Aces||86.9%||Governors'|
|3FG%||Sean Williams||GlobalPort Batang Pier||60.0%||Commissioner's|
|Double-doubles||Justin Brownlee||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||30||Commissioner's and Governors'|
|Triple-doubles||Allen Durham||Meralco Bolts||2||Governors'|
Individual game highs
|Points||Terrence Romeo||GlobalPort Batang Pier||44||Philippine|
|Rebounds||June Mar Fajardo||San Miguel Beermen||23||Philippine|
|Assists||Chris Ross||San Miguel Beermen||15||Commissioner's|
|Steals||Marcio Lassiter||San Miguel Beermen||8||Commissioner's|
|Blocks||June Mar Fajardo||San Miguel Beermen||7||Philippine|
|John Paul Erram||Blackwater Elite||Governors'|
|Three point field goals||Terrence Romeo||GlobalPort Batang Pier||9||Commissioner's|
|Points||Eugene Phelps||San Miguel Beermen||53||Commissioner's|
|Rebounds||Ricardo Ratliffe||Star Hotshots||35||Commissioner's|
|Assists||Allen Durham||Meralco Bolts||13||Governors'|
|Steals||Glen Rice Jr.||TNT KaTropa||7||Governors'|
|Blocks||Malcolm White||GlobalPort Batang Pier||6||Commissioner's|
|Tony Mitchell||Star Hotshots|
|Three point field goals||Donté Greene||TNT KaTropa||7||Commissioner's|
|Justin Brownlee||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel|
|Geron Johnson||Kia Picanto||Governors'|
|J'Nathan Bullock (twice)||Rain or Shine Elasto Painters|
|Henry Walker||Blackwater Elite|
Team statistical leaders
|Points per game||San Miguel Beermen||102.2|
|Rebounds per game||Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||51.0|
|Assists per game||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||23.7|
|Steals per game||Alaska Aces||8.0|
|Blocks per game||Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||5.8|
|Turnovers per game||NLEX Road Warriors||19.7|
|FG%||San Miguel Beermen||45.2%|
|FT%||GlobalPort Batang Pier||72.4%|
|3FG%||GlobalPort Batang Pier||35.3%|
|San Miguel Beermen||58||43||15||.741||Champions|
|Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||64||40||24||.625||Champions|
|Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||39||19||20||.487||Quarterfinalist|
|GlobalPort Batang Pier||37||14||23||.378||Quarterfinalist|
|Phoenix Fuel Masters||36||12||24||.333||Quarterfinalist|
|NLEX Road Warriors||34||11||23||.324||Quarterfinalist|
|Mahindra Floodbuster / Kia Picanto||33||6||27||.182||Elimination round|
|San Miguel Beermen||33||26||7||.788|
|Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||33||23||10||.697|
|Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||33||17||16||.515|
|GlobalPort Batang Pier||33||13||20||.394|
|Phoenix Fuel Masters||33||12||21||.364|
|NLEX Road Warriors||33||11||22||.333|
|Mahindra Floodbuster / Kia Picanto||33||6||27||.182|
|San Miguel Beermen||25||17||8||.680|
|Barangay Ginebra San Miguel||31||17||14||.548|
|Rain or Shine Elasto Painters||6||2||4||.333|
|GlobalPort Batang Pier||4||1||3||.250|
|Phoenix Fuel Masters||3||0||3||.000|
|NLEX Road Warriors||1||0||1||.000|
- Deadlines for PBA Rookie aspirants set, Randolph Leongson, PBA.inquirer.net, August 30, 2016
- Beltran, Nelson (November 5, 2016). "PBA eyes avenues to broaden fan base". The Philippine Star. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Castillo, Musong R. (November 28, 2016). "PBA to play Christmas Day games at Philippine Arena". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Acosta-Delacruz, Angelo. "Former PBA journeyman Michael Burtscher retires from basketball". AADC Sports. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- Post on Facebook
- "Former PBA MVP Jimmy Alapag announces retirement - this time 'for good'". spin.ph. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Ramos, Gerry (November 18, 2016). "Journeyman Yousef Taha bids PBA goodbye to 'return home to my family'". spin.ph. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- Ramos, Gerry (November 29, 2017). "Globalport welcomes back Yousef Taha, signs big man to two-year deal". Spin.ph. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
- Ramos, Gerry (November 19, 2016). "SMB veteran Bitoy Omolon retires at age 36, opts to focus on his agribusiness". spin.ph. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
- Eddie Laure finally steps away from PBA at 39, focuses on new role as coach Reuben Terrado, spin.ph
- Ulanday, John Bryan (December 15, 2016). "End of the road for PBA journeyman Rob Reyes". Fox Sports Asia. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Ramos, Gerry (May 7, 2017). "As Eric Menk calls it a career, Al Chua looks back at phenomenal rise of 'Major Pain'". spin.ph. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Ramos, Gerry (September 2, 2017). "Mick Pennisi calls it quits after 17-year PBA career to focus on poultry business in Thailand". spin.ph. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
- PBA: NLEX signs Yeng Guiao as head coach, Paolo del Rosario, CNN Philippines, October 7, 2016
- Chito Victolero replaces Jason Webb, takes over as new Star head coach, Gerry Ramos, spin.ph, October 14, 2016
- Nash Racela officially gets TNT KaTropa coaching post, Gerry Ramos, spin.ph, October 22, 2016
- Franz Pumaren starts calling shots for Globalport in Philippine Cup debut against Mahindra, Gerry Ramos, spin.ph, November 25, 2016
- Leongson, Randolph (November 15, 2016). "PBA launches mobile app to bring fans closer to the game". PBA.inquirer.net. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Philippine Arena eyed as venue for Christmas Day game between Ginebra and Star, Gerry Ramos, spin.ph, November 28, 2016
- San Miguel wins Perpetual trophy at the expense of Ginebra, Paul Lintag, ABS-CBN Sports, March 5, 2017
- Legal family feud not valid issue to unseat Romero, says Cong. Pineda Archived 2017-10-28 at the Wayback Machine, Fox Sports Philippines, April 5, 2017
- Romero remains PBA chairman – Narvasa, Josef Ramos, The Manila Times, February 7, 2017
- Modern-day Ginebra players take pride in wearing retro jersey of iconic 1991 team, Gerry Ramos, spin.ph, May 28, 2017
- Game 5 at PH Arena sets attendance record in PBA Finals game, Randolf Leongson, Philippine Daily Inquirer, October 22, 2017
- Game 6 of Ginebra-Meralco finals sets new all-time PBA attendance record, Gerry Ramos, spin.ph, October 25, 2017
- PBA crowd record: Ginebra-Meralco Finals Game 7 draws 54,086, Mark Escalorte, ABS-CBN Sports, October 27, 2017
- A parade of beauty in PBA Sunday Opening, PBA.inquirer.net, November 18, 2016
- "Ginebra eyes Kim Domingo, two other teams name FHM cover girls as muses in Season 42 opening". Sports Interactive Network Philippines. November 17, 2016. Retrieved November 17, 2016.