1,019 delegates in the 2014 Extraordinary PSOE Federal Congress
Autonomous community results map
The 2014 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party leadership election—officially the 2014 PSOE Extraordinary Federal Congress—was held on 26 and 27 July 2014 to elect a new party leadership in the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), with a preliminary primary election open to party members initially scheduled to be held on 13 July to elect a new Secretary General.
The Congress was called by PSOE Secretary-General Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba after his party's poor results at the 2014 European Parliament election, garnering just 23% of the vote. Rubalcaba announced his intention not to run for either his party's leadership or for the 2015 Spanish general election.
This Federal Congress was the first held at a national level in which all party members and affiliates (around 200,000) had the possibility to be consulted, several days before the Congress was held, about which person they wanted to become the new party leader. While not a legally binding ballot, the results were likely to be respected by the 1,000 party delegates which finally elected the new party's Secretary-General. Party members wishing to contend the election were required to gather the endorsement of at least 5% of the party membership before June 27.
The 2011 general election had resulted in a landslide victory for Mariano Rajoy's People's Party (PP), a result of the financial crisis which had been hurting the country's economy since 2008. The ruling Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), amidst a climate of high unpopularity, was ousted from power with the worst election result since the first post-Francoist electoral process in 1977. Then-Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero had decided to stand down as PM candidate in early 2011 and as party leader once the quadrennial party congress due for early 2012 was held. Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, PSOE candidate for the 2011 election and former Deputy Prime Minister, was elected new Secretary-General in a tight fight against former Minister of Defence Carme Chacón.
However, as the new Rajoy's government was forced to pass new austerity measures and spending cuts, including a harsh labor reform and a very austere state budget for 2012, the new Government's ratings plummeted in opinion polls as it met with widespread protests and two general strikes. Little over 6 months of government had seen support for the PP government plummet from 45% in the general election to 34% in mid-to late 2012 polls, the most support lost by a political party in its first months of government in the country's history.
However, despite the PP's falling ratings, the PSOE found itself unable to regain lost support, suffering from the memory on Zapatero's last government and his economic management, as well as the emergence of major corruption scandals in both parties, regarding possible illegal financing on both the People's Party and the Socialist Party regional government of Andalusia. A series of negative regional election results throughout 2012, coupled with an internal crisis in 2013 and the threat of rupture from the party's Catalonia partner, the PSC, further weakened the PSOE, with Rubalcaba's leadership being put in question as his popularity ratings plummeted. The crisis was temporarily settled after the party's Political Conference in November 2013, with the question on the party's leadership being initially postponed for late 2014.
After the European Parliament election, 2014 culminated in a major election crash for the party, coupled with a spectacular rise in support for newly-created Podemos party, Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba announced his intention not to run as his party's candidate for the 2015 general election and to have the party hold an extraordinary Congress for July 2014.
|26 May||Official announcement and census closure.|
|6–9 June||Communication of provisional census and period of correction of census incidents.|
|10 June||Communication of definitive census.|
|10–13 June||Presentation of pre-candidates.|
|13–28 June||Endorsement collection period (until 27 June) and provisional candidate proclamations.|
|29 June–2 July||Allegation and definitive candidate proclamations.|
|3–12 July||Information campaign.|
|13 July||Primary election to elect the Secretary General.|
|13–19 July||Provincial and insular congresses. Election of delegates and amendment period.|
|26–27 July||Extraordinary Federal Congress.|
|Candidate (name and age)||Political offices||Announced|
|Deputy in the Cortes Generales
|31 May 2014|
|Deputy in the Cortes Generales
(2009–2011 and since 2013)
|12 June 2014|
|Secretary General of the Socialist Group
in the Congress of Deputies (since 2009)
Deputy in the Cortes Generales
|13 June 2014|
On 11 June, Alberto Sotillos—son of Eduardo Sotillos, former Spokesperson of the Government of Spain under Felipe González between 1982 and 1985—announced his bid to run in the leadership primaries. However, he was unable to collect the required endorsements to run before the deadline, and was eliminated as a result.
|Candidate (name and age)||Political offices||Announced|
|None||11 June 2014|
- Carme Chacón (age 43) — Deputy in the Cortes Generales (for Barcelona) (2000–2013); Minister of Defence of Spain (2008–2011); Minister of Housing of Spain (2007–2008); First Vice President of the Congress of Deputies (2004–2007); Secretary of Education, Universities, Culture and Research of the PSOE (2000–2004); First Mayor Lieutenant and City Councillor of Esplugues de Llobregat (1999–2003)
- Susana Díaz (age 39) — President of Andalusia and Secretary General of the PSOE–A (since 2013); Deputy in the Parliament of Andalusia (for Seville) (since 2008); Regional Minister of the Presidency and Equality of Andalusia (2012–2013); Secretary General of the PSOE–A in Seville (2012–2013); Senator in the Cortes Generales (appointed by the Parliament of Andalusia) (2011–2012); Secretary of Organization of the PSOE–A (2010–2012); Secretary of Organization of the PSOE–A in Seville (2004–2010); Deputy in the Cortes Generales (for Seville) (2004–2008); Mayor Lieutenant of Human Resources in Seville (2003–2004); City Councillor of Seville (1999–2004); Secretary of Organization of the JSA (1997–2004)
- Patxi López (age 54) — Secretary of Political Relations of the PSOE (since 2012); Secretary General of the PSE–EE (PSOE) (since 2002); Member of the Basque Parliament (for Biscay and Álava) (since 1991); Lehendakari (2009–2012); Leader of the Opposition in the Basque Parliament (2005–2009); Secretary General of the PSE–EE (PSOE) in Biscay (1997–2002); Secretary of Organization of the PSE–EE (PSOE) (1991–1995); Deputy in the Cortes Generales (for Biscay) (1987–1989); Secretary General of the JSE–EGAZ (1985–1988)
- Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (age 62) — Secretary General of the PSOE and Leader of the Opposition (since 2012); Deputy in the Cortes Generales (for Toledo, Madrid, Cantabria and Cádiz) (since 1993); First Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (2010–2011); Spokesperson of the Government (1993–1996 and 2010–2011); Minister of the Interior of Spain (2006–2011); Spokesperson of the PSOE Group in the Congress of Deputies (2004–2006); Secretary of Communication of the PSOE (1997–2000); Minister of the Presidency of Spain (1993–1996); Minister of Education and Science of Spain (1992–1993); Secretary of State of Education of Spain (1986–1992)
Candidates seeking to run were required to collect the endorsements of at least 5% of party members between 13 and 27 June 2014.
|Count||% T||% V|
|José Antonio Pérez Tapias||9,912||5.00||12.96|
|Alberto Sotillos||Eliminated (below 5%)|
Poll results are listed in the tables below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the candidate's colour. In the instance of a tie, the figures with the highest percentages are shaded. Polls show data gathered among PSOE voters/supporters as well as Spanish voters as a whole, but not among party members, who were the ones ultimately entitled to vote in the primary election.
|Polling firm/Commissioner||Fieldwork date||Sample size||Other
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 1]||8–10 Jul 2014||500||34.8||31.5||10.6||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||23.1||3.3|
|NC Report/La Razón[p 2]||6 Jul 2014||?||34.0||21.5||8.3||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||24.4||12.2||12.5|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 3]||30 Jun–3 Jul 2014||500||27.0||30.8||8.3||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||33.9||3.8|
|Metroscopia/El País[p 4]||30 Jun–1 Jul 2014||121||40.0||27.0||12.0||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||21.0||13.0|
|Metroscopia/El País[p 4]||25–26 Jun 2014||161||35.0||28.0||9.0||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||28.0||7.0|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 5]||23–26 Jun 2014||500||35.1||18.8||6.7||3.7||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||35.7||16.3|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 6]||16–19 Jun 2014||500||35.5||16.7||6.2||4.7||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||36.9||18.8|
|Metroscopia/El País[p 4]||16–17 Jun 2014||159||43.0||24.0||6.0||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||27.0||19.0|
|NC Report/La Razón[p 7][p 8]||26–31 May 2014||400||8.8||3.3||–||–||9.5||15.3||–||4.8||3.8||–||–||–||8.3||46.2||5.8|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 9]||28–30 May 2014||?||26.7||7.6||–||–||24.8||20.0||–||–||–||–||–||–||9.5||7.7||1.9|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 10]||26–28 Dec 2013||?||15.9||–||–||–||28.7||16.1||5.3||13.0||2.8||–||–||–||1.9||16.4||12.6|
|TNS Demoscopia[p 11]||14–21 Nov 2013||?||18.3||–||–||–||27.1||7.3||15.1||24.8||0.3||–||–||–||3.2||3.9||2.3|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 12]||12–14 Nov 2013||?||13.7||–||–||–||27.2||15.6||13.8||9.2||2.9||–||–||–||3.8||13.9||11.6|
|GAD3/Antena 3[p 13]||13 Nov 2013||?||12.0||–||–||–||17.0||4.0||18.0||12.0||–||1.0||–||–||36.0||1.0|
|NC Report/La Razón[p 14][p 15]||10 Nov 2013||?||–||–||–||–||21.5||15.9||–||14.1||9.0||–||–||–||9.1||30.4||5.6|
|Intercampo/GETS[p 16]||16 Sep–14 Oct 2013||?||5.6||–||–||–||14.2||0.8||24.5||3.9||–||–||15.6||–||41.4||7.8||8.9|
|Feedback/La Vanguardia[p 17]||2–6 Sep 2013||?||18.0||–||–||–||29.0||–||17.3||16.0||–||–||–||–||19.7||11.0|
|TNS Demoscopia[p 18]||29–31 Jul 2013||?||22.0||–||–||–||24.6||1.1||14.1||21.0||0.2||–||–||–||8.9||8.1||2.6|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 19]||8–10 May 2013||?||19.4||–||–||–||25.0||–||11.5||8.9||0.6||2.5||–||4.2||11.7||16.4||5.6|
|MyWord/Cadena SER[p 20]||2–8 May 2013||?||22.4||–||–||–||22.9||0.5||12.5||7.7||0.9||5.5||–||3.9||5.5||18.2||0.5|
|Polling firm/Commissioner||Fieldwork date||Sample size||Other
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 9]||28–30 May 2014||?||19.2||7.3||22.6||12.7||–||–||–||–||–||23.4||12.8||3.4|
|Invymark/laSexta[p 21]||26–30 May 2014||?||13.9||5.3||22.5||15.9||–||8.9||–||–||–||33.5||6.6|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 10]||26–28 Dec 2013||?||11.6||–||23.2||13.2||4.9||12.3||2.3||–||–||4.4||28.0||10.0|
|TNS Demoscopia[p 11]||14–21 Nov 2013||?||8.1||–||22.1||7.0||7.5||12.2||1.3||–||–||17.8||24.0||9.9|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 12]||12–14 Nov 2013||?||8.4||–||24.4||11.0||8.5||11.1||2.6||–||–||7.0||26.9||13.3|
|GAD3/Antena 3[p 13]||13 Nov 2013||?||–||–||13.0||–||9.0||–||–||–||–||78.0||4.0|
|Feedback/La Vanguardia[p 17]||2–6 Sep 2013||1,500||17.4||–||23.8||–||17.5||16.8||–||–||–||24.5||6.3|
|TNS Demoscopia[p 18]||29–31 Jul 2013||?||10.5||–||16.9||0.9||6.2||7.6||0.8||–||–||22.0||35.1||6.4|
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 19]||8–10 May 2013||?||13.3||–||20.2||–||7.2||10.6||2.0||2.7||2.9||10.8||30.3||6.9|
|MyWord/Cadena SER[p 20]||2–8 May 2013||?||10.7||–||17.9||0.4||8.7||7.4||0.7||4.0||1.6||5.9||42.7||7.2|
13 July 2014
26 July 2014
|José Antonio Pérez Tapias||19,869||15.08||Withdrew|
|Invalid and blank ballots||1,115||0.84|
|Votes cast / turnout||132,850||67.05|
|Total members / delegates||198,123||1,019|
|Castile and León||10,418||72.05||2,912||39.13||3,437||46.19||1,092||14.68|
In his victory speech after being elected as Secretary-General by party members, Pedro Sánchez proclaimed "the beginning of a new time in the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party" and that it was "the beginning of the end of Mariano Rajoy [as Prime Minister]". He was formally named to the post on 26 July succeeding Rubalcaba, who announced his intention to quit from active politics and to return to his post professor in the Organic Chemistry faculty, in the Complutense University of Madrid.
Upon his official proclamation as Secretary-General, Sánchez stated that "We [the PSOE] are the party of change, we are the left that will change Spain", urging all Socialists to "work for the millions of people that need a renewed PSOE" and to make the party "the most formidable instrument for making the country progress". Sánchez promised to be blunt with corruption cases within the party, to look forward the promotion of a federal amendment of the Spanish Constitution and that his Executive will report in an open assembly to the militants once per year. Sánchez stated that he was inspired by the "modernization drives" of both Felipe González in the past as well as of PD-leader Matteo Renzi in Italy.
- Opinion poll sources
- "¿Quién le gustaría que sucediese a Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba?" (PDF). El Mundo (in Spanish). 12 July 2014.
- "El 34% prefiere a Madina pero el 24% no se decanta por ningún candidato". La Razón (in Spanish). 6 July 2014.
- "Sánchez adelanta a Madina a una semana de la votación en el PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). 6 July 2014.
- "Elecciones a la secretaría general del PSOE: práctico empate entre Madina y Sánchez entre los votantes socialistas". Blogs El País (in Spanish). 7 July 2014.
- "La Carrera por Ferraz". El Mundo (in Spanish). 29 June 2014.
- "¿Quién le gustaría que sucediese a Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba?" (PDF). El Mundo (in Spanish). 22 June 2014.
- "Los votantes del PSOE apuestan por Susana Díaz para liderar el partido". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 2 June 2014.
- "La carrera por la sucesión del PSOE" (PDF). La Razón (in Spanish). 2 June 2014.
- "La mayoría apuesta por primarias y por Carme Chacón". El Mundo (in Spanish). 1 June 2014.
- "Rubalcaba es un lastre para los votantes del PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). 4 January 2014.
- "Esperanza Aguirre, candidata preferida por los votantes del PP para las próximas Elecciones Generales". TNS Demoscopia (in Spanish). 21 November 2013.
- "Carme Chacón y Susana Díaz favoritas para liderar el PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). 18 November 2013.
- "Los ciudadanos prefieren a Carme Chacón como candidata del PSOE para las elecciones". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 13 November 2013.
- "La mayoría de los votantes del PSOE rechaza a Rubalcaba y prefiere a Chacón". La Razón (in Spanish). 10 November 2013.
- "Los votantes del PSOE prefieren a Chacón para las primarias y echan de menos a Felipe González". lainformacion.com (in Spanish). 10 November 2013.
- "La izquierda se convierte en la fuerza electoral potencialmente mayoritaria en España" (PDF). Fundación Sistema (in Spanish). 14 October 2013. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Las primarias del PSOE no tienen candidato favorito". TNS Demoscopia (in Spanish). 8 September 2013.
- "PP y PSOE, faltos de liderazgo reconocido en unas eventuales Elecciones Generales". TNS Demoscopia (in Spanish). 31 July 2013.
- "Rubalcaba perjudica al PSOE, según sus votantes". El Mundo (in Spanish). 12 May 2013.
- "El ObSERvatorio de la Cadena SER. El clima político y la situación del PSOE (13/05/2013)" (PDF). MyWord (in Spanish). 13 May 2013.
- "Carme Chacón es la preferida por los españoles para dirigir el PSOE". laSexta (in Spanish). 31 May 2014.
- "Rubalcaba throws the towel and calls an extraordinary congress for July after the debacle". El País (in Spanish). 2014-05-26.
- "All party members will elect the future PSOE Secretary-General". El País (in Spanish). 2014-05-30.
- "Rubalcaba promises a strong PSOE". El País (in Spanish). 2012-02-05.
- "Rajoy approves the biggest spending cut in history and a large tax increase". El País (in Spanish). 2011-12-31.
- "The reform eases and cheapens the dismissal". El País (in Spanish). 2012-02-10.
- "29 March, general strike". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2012-03-09.
- "Unions call a general strike for November 14". El País (in Spanish). 2012-10-17.
- "The Government presents the state budget with a spending cut of 27.3 billion" (in Spanish). 20 Minutos. 2012-03-30.
- "Mas' challenge does not break Spain yet but opens a schism between PSOE and PSC". El País (in Spanish). 2013-02-27.
- "Rubalcaba, to the drivers of Madina: "The PSOE is not on it"". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2013-04-18.
- "PSOE leaders want Rubalcaba's dismissal now". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2013-11-08.
- "Rubalcaba assured that "the PSOE has returned" and urges his people to go to the streets". El País (in Spanish). 2013-11-10.
- "Rubalcaba throws in the towel and calls for an extraordinary party conference in July after the debacle". El País (in Spanish). 2014-05-26.
- PSOE (3 June 2014). "Convocatoria y normativa de desarrollo del Congreso Federal Extraordinario" (PDF). web.psoe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Sanz, Luis Ángel (31 May 2014). "José Antonio Pérez Tapias presenta su candidatura a la Secretaría General del PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Díez, Anabel (12 June 2014). "Pedro Sánchez Castejón aspira a cambiar el PSOE con "corazón y cabeza"". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Garea, Fernando (13 June 2014). "Madina se presenta para liderar el PSOE prometiendo un "shock de modernidad"". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Agencia EFE (11 June 2014). "Alberto Sotillos anuncia su intención de participar en la carrera por el liderazgo del PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- "Sánchez muestra su fuerza y obtiene 16.100 avales más que Madina gracias al apoyo de Andalucía". El Mundo (in Spanish). 27 June 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Díez, Anabel (1 June 2014). "Chacón renuncia a liderar el PSOE y se postula para las elecciones generales". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Sanz, Luis Ángel (10 June 2014). "Susana Díaz no se presenta a liderar el PSOE para no desgastarse como presidenta". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Rioja Andueza, Iker (29 May 2014). "Patxi López se descarta para 'competir' por el liderazgo del PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). Vitoria. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Sanz, Luis Ángel (26 May 2014). "Rubalcaba se va". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Sanz, Luis Ángel (2 June 2014). "Los militantes del PSOE elegirán a su nuevo líder el 13 de julio, día de la final del Mundial de Fútbol". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- "Reparto geográfico de los avales conseguidos por los candidatos" (in Spanish). PSOE. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- "Consulta para la Secretaría General del PSOE. 13 de julio de 2014" (in Spanish). PSOE. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- "Pedro Sánchez proclaims "it is the beginning of the end of Mariano Rajoy as Prime Minister"". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 2014-07-13.
- "Sánchez promises victory to PSOE". El País (in Spanish). 2014-07-13.
- "New PSOE leader: "We are the left that will change Spain"". El País (in Spanish). 2014-07-26.
- "Sánchez promises the PSOE a change 'from bottom to top'". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2014-07-26.
- "Socialists move between Renzi and Valls". El País (in Spanish). 2014-07-24.