In January 2014, incumbent President Shimon Peres announced that he would not run for a second term, despite an opinion poll showing 63% of Israelis would prefer him to remain in office. A second term would require change in legislation, as the Basic Law on the presidency permits only one term, following reforms made after the 1998 presidential election to prevent an incumbent being challenged for the presidency.
In 2012, an agreement was made between Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that Rivlin would be the party's candidate for the election if Likud won the 2013 Knesset election. Likud subsequently emerged with a parliamentary plurality. However, in February 2014 The Jerusalem Post reported that both Netanyahu and Avigdor Lieberman, a major power in the Likud party, had a poor relationship with Rivlin and had not ruled out backing another candidate.
In February 2014, Binyamin Ben-Eliezer of the Labor Party became the first candidate to receive the required 10 nominations from Knesset members. Four days before the election, Ben-Eliezer was investigated by the police on corruption charges and subsequently withdrew from the race.
Other candidates included Nobel Prize laureate Dan Shechtman, Meir Sheetrit of Hatnuah, Dalia Itzik of Kadima, and former Supreme Court judge Dalia Dorner. Potential candidates who expressed an interest in running but did not receive the written support from ten members of the Knesset needed for nomination included Uzi Landau of Yisrael Beiteinu, Silvan Shalom of Likud, and businessman Yosef Abramowitz.
Although the public were not able to vote in the election, opinion polls were conducted to determine public support for the candidates.
|Pollster||Date||Reuven Rivlin||Dan Shechtman||Binyamin Ben-Eliezer||Dalia Itzik||Dalia Dorner||Meir Sheetrit||Natan Sharansky||Silvan Shalom|
|Channel 2||6 January 2014||27%||–||16%||5%||–||–||9%||13%|
|Knesset Channel Panels||23 January 2014||28%||25%||6%||2%||–||–||7%||6%|
|Haaretz||27 May 2014||31%||22%||10%||4%||11%||4%||–||–|
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Invalid ballots/blank votes||2||–||3||–|
- Rivlin settles with Netanyahu on 2014 presidency bid Times of Israel, 22 October 2012
- Reuven Rivlin is elected Israel's 10th president Haaretz, 10 June 2014
- Legislators barred from campaign fundraising for Israeli presidency Haaretz, 14 November 2013
- Israeli Public Apparently Prefers Shimon Peres Archived 2014-02-09 at the Wayback Machine Jerusalem Online, 6 January 2014
- Basic Law: The President of the State Knesset
- Uzi Landau mulling presidential run The Jerusalem Post, 12 February 2014
- Endorsements make Labor's Ben-Eliezer first presidential candidate The Jerusalem Post, 17 February 2014
- Nobel Prize winner says he's a candidate to replace Peres as president Haaretz, 18 January 2014
- Meir Sheetrit gains backing of Hatnua party, needs five more signatures to make it official Times of Israel, 24 February 2014
- Dalia Dorner Announces Presidential Candidacy Israel National News, 13 February 2014
- ‘Captain Sunshine’ mulling presidential run The Jerusalem Post, 24 February 2014
- Benari, Elad (24 January 2014). "Poll: Israelis Want Rivlin as President". Israel National News. Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Lis, Jonathan (28 May 2014). "Poll: Rivlin is people's choice for Israel's president". Haaretz. Retrieved 31 May 2014.