The Africa-EU Summit, which was held on 8 December – 9 December 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal, was the second summit between heads of state and government from EU and Africa (the first having been held in Cairo in 2000). It was hosted by Portugal, the holder of the EU's rotating presidency. During the summit, the "Joint EU-Africa Strategy", the "Action Plan" and the "Lisbon Declaration" were adopted.
There was controversy about the attendance of Robert Mugabe, the President of Zimbabwe, as he is subject to an EU travel ban. The European Commission president, José Manuel Barroso, defended inviting Mugabe to attend, saying that "If international leaders decided not to go to those conferences involving countries which do not have reasonable human rights records, I'm afraid we would not be attending many conferences at all." Because of Mugabe's attendance, Prime Minister Gordon Brown of the UK stayed away, and United Kingdom was represented by Baroness Amos. Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek of the Czech Republic also stayed away for the same reason.
Issues and results of the summit
The summit agreed on eight strategic partnerships and an action plan and agreed to meet again in 2010.
The eight areas for strategic partnerships are:
- Peace and security
- Democratic governance and human rights
- Trade, regional integration and infrastructure
- Millennium Development Goals
- Climate change
- Migration, mobility and employment
- Science, information society and space.
The existing preferential trade agreements between the EU and the ACP countries would not be compatible with WTO rules, except for a waiver which terminated at the end of 2007, and it had been hoped to replace these arrangements by WTO-compatible Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), but these were rejected by the African delegations.
Countries at the summit
EU candidate countries
- The Africa-EU Strategic Partnership: A Joint Africa-EU Strategy
- Lisbon Declaration - EU Africa Summit
- Joint EU-Africa Strategy adopted at Summit, EU-Africa consultation, 9 December 2007
- Barroso defends decision to invite Mugabe to conference Archived 2007-12-08 at the Wayback Machine, The Independent, 7 December 2007
- Hogendoorn, EJ. "The Importance of Politics in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism in Fragile States". International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT). Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- Bugge, Axel; Henrique Almeida (2007-12-09). "Ambitious EU-Africa summit ends in trade deadlock". Guardian Unlimited. Archived from the original on 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- Associated Press (2007-12-09). "Europe, Africa summit brings little progress on key issues". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2007-12-09.