In the early morning hours of July 7, 2005, the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed pay increases for state lawmakers, judges, and top executive-branch officials. The vote took place at 2 am without public review or commentary and Governor Ed Rendell signed the bill into law. The raise increased legislators' base pay from 16% to 34% depending on position.
The pay raise included a provision allowing legislators to take their raises immediately in the form of "unvouchered expenses." This provision was included due to the Pennsylvania Constitution's clause prohibiting legislators from taking salary increases in the same term as which they are passed. State courts have ruled similar legislation to be constitutional on three separate occasions.
Outrage over the pay raise was picked up by several influential state blogs like Grassrootspa and PennPatriot Blog. Advocacy groups spawned several grass-roots movements, some geared toward voting out incumbents and some seeking support for a Constitutional Convention or a reduction in the size of the legislature. The legislature repealed the pay raise after four months by a 50-0 vote in the senate and 197-1 vote in the house.
The first victim of the public uproar was Supreme Court Justice Russell M. Nigro who became the first Pennsylvania Supreme Court Justice to be denied retention. Nigro asserted that he had not taken part in the pay raise. However, critics noted that Chief Justice Ralph Cappy helped draft the bill and that prior Court opinions upheld such practices.
Despite the repeal, a total of 17 legislators were defeated in the 2006 primary elections including Senate President Pro Tempore Robert Jubelirer and Senate Majority Leader David J. Brightbill. They were the first top-ranking Pennsylvania legislative leaders to lose a primary election since 1964.
The November 2006 General Election claimed several more members who supported the pay raise including Republican representatives Gene McGill, Matt Wright, Tom Gannon and Matthew Good and Democrat Veon. The defeats were widely attributed to anger over the pay raise.
Frank LaGrotta, who was defeated in the 2006 primary election over the pay raise issue, was one of many legislators who were paying back their unvouchered expenses in installments. After pleading guilty to two counts of conflict of interest for hiring relatives as "ghost employees," he stopped repayment and was even refunded the amount that he had previously returned.
In November 2009, Barbara McIlvaine Smith announced that she would not run for re-election in 2010, saying that she was frustrated with the progress of the post-pay raise reform movement. However, she ultimately did run for re-election in 2010 and lost to Republican challenger Dan Truitt.
- 2006 Pennsylvania General Assembly bonus controversy
- Russ Diamond
- Eric Epstein
- Drew Crompton
- Chris Lilik
- Gene Stilp
- List of Pennsylvania state legislatures
- "House Bill No. 151 Session of 2005". Pennsylvania General Assembly Committee of Conference.
- Barnes, Tom (November 16, 2005). "Senate OK's pay hike repeal bill; Rendell signs it". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. PG Publishing Co., Inc. Retrieved October 10, 2006.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 12, 2007. Retrieved November 2, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Rosenthal, Alan. "Rooted in Their Districts." Engines of Democracy: Politics and Policymaking in State Legislatures. Washington, DC: CQ, 2009. 105. Print.
- Brown, David M. Veon's focal point of the pay raise race, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, 2006-05-06. Accessed October 24, 2012.
- Baer, John (May 17, 2006). "Astonishing defeats for Jubelirer, Brightbill". Philadelphia Daily News.
- Mauriello, Tracie; Dennis B. Roddy (February 29, 2008). "After returning raise, LaGrotta took it back". Pittsburgh Post Gazette.
- Kristie, Dan (November 24, 2009). "McIlvaine Smith out in 2010". The Daily Local News. Archived from the original on December 10, 2009.
- "Barbara McIlvaine Smith". Ballotpedia. Retrieved July 3, 2019.