|Duration||September 1 – December 23, 1996|
|Start date||December 28, 1996|
|AFC Champions||New England Patriots|
|NFC Champions||Green Bay Packers|
|Super Bowl XXXI|
|Date||January 26, 1997|
|Site||Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Champions||Green Bay Packers|
|Date||February 2, 1997|
The 1996 NFL season was the 77th regular season of the National Football League and the season was marked by notable controversies from beginning to end. The season ended with Super Bowl XXXI when the Green Bay Packers defeated the New England Patriots 35–21 at the Louisiana Superdome.
The 1996 NFL Draft was held from April 20 to 21, 1996 at New York City's Theater at Madison Square Garden. With the first pick, the New York Jets selected wide receiver Keyshawn Johnson from the University of Southern California.
Gordon McCarter retired during the 1996 off-season. He joined the NFL in 1967, serving as a line judge and back judge, before being promoted to referee in 1974. Dale Hamer, who had to sit out the 1995 season to recover from open heart surgery, took over McCarter's officiating crew.
Major rule changes
- In order to reduce injuries, hits with the helmet or to the head will be personal fouls and subject to fines.
Final regular season standings
- Jacksonville was the second AFC Wild Card ahead of Indianapolis and Kansas City based on better conference record (7–5 to Colts’ 6–6 and Chiefs’ 5–7).
- Indianapolis was the third AFC Wild Card based on head-to-head victory over Kansas City (1–0).
- Cincinnati finished ahead of Houston in the AFC Central based on better net division points (19 to Oilers’ 11).
- Oakland finished ahead of Seattle in the AFC West based on better division record (3–5 to Seahawks’ 2–6).
- Dallas finished ahead of Philadelphia in the NFC East based on better record against common opponents (7–4 to Eagles' 6–5.)
- Minnesota was the third NFC Wild Card based on better conference record than Washington (8–4 to Redskins' 6–6).
- Carolina finished ahead of San Francisco in the NFC West based on head-to-head sweep (2–0).
- Atlanta finished ahead of New Orleans in the NFC West based on head-to-head sweep (2–0).
|Dec. 28 – Rich Stadium||Jan. 4 – Mile High Stadium|
|4||Buffalo||27||Jan. 12 – Foxboro Stadium|
|Dec. 29 – Three Rivers Stadium||5||Jacksonville||6|
|Jan. 5 – Foxboro Stadium|
|3||Pittsburgh||42||Jan. 26 – Louisiana Superdome|
|Wild card playoffs|
|Dec. 28 – Texas Stadium||A2||New England||21|
|Jan. 5 – Ericsson Stadium|
|6||Minnesota||15||Super Bowl XXXI|
|3||Dallas||40||Jan. 12 – Lambeau Field|
|Dec. 29 – 3Com Park||2||Carolina||13|
|Jan. 4 – Lambeau Field|
When Art Modell, owner of the Cleveland Browns, wanted to relocate his team to Baltimore in a surprise move first reported on by the Boston Globe on November 4, 1995, the ensuing press furor and public relations mess forced the league to intercede and make an agreement with him and the Cities of Cleveland and Baltimore before the new season had barely begun. In the belated agreement, the name, colors and history of the Browns were to remain in Cleveland, while the relocated club would technically be a new league franchise; the city of Cleveland would be given another new franchise in the next few years, or a relocated existing franchise. Either way, the beloved Cleveland Browns would continue, while the Baltimore Ravens began their new history when the 1996 season started.
The season was also the final season for the Houston Oilers before leaving Texas for Memphis for the following season, and then to Nashville in 1998. This move left Houston with no professional football team until the 2002 debut of the Texans.
One of the most memorable aspects of the 1996 season was that the Carolina Panthers and Jacksonville Jaguars, each in just their second year of existence, both advanced to their respective conference championship games. 1996 marked the third year the NFL salary cap was in force and also marked the end of multiple “dynasties” in the NFL as it was the first season since 1991 (and only the second since 1987) in which neither the Dallas Cowboys nor the San Francisco 49ers played in the NFC Championship Game. It was also the first NFC Championship Game ever that did not feature either the Cowboys, 49ers, Washington Redskins, or Los Angeles Rams.
The season ended with Super Bowl XXXI when the Green Bay Packers defeated the New England Patriots in a game ultimately decided when a third-quarter kick-off was returned 99 yards for a touchdown by Packers’ kick returner, Desmond Howard. For that, and his excellent performance on kick-off and punt returns throughout the game, Howard was named Super Bowl MVP, the first and only time that a special teams player has earned that award.
All that was nearly overshadowed by the press feeding frenzy reporting and commenting on the rumor, between the AFC championship game up to and into the broadcast coverage of Super Bowl XXXI itself, that iconic coach Bill Parcells was planning on breaking his contract with the New England Patriots because he did not get along well with owner Robert Kraft, who had helped turn around New England's image after years of ownership that was either dismal or absent. In the event, Parcells did not even return with the players, and telephone records showed he was talking to the Jets in the days before and the day of the Super Bowl itself. This documentary evidence led to the league awarding the Patriots multiple draft picks in compensation for the "tampering" by the Jets, which is but a continuation of one-upmanship that has gone on for years between the heated rivals.
|Points scored||Green Bay Packers (456)|
|Total yards gained||Denver Broncos (5,791)|
|Yards rushing||Denver Broncos (2,362)|
|Yards passing||Jacksonville Jaguars (4,110)|
|Fewest points allowed||Green Bay Packers (210)|
|Fewest total yards allowed||Green Bay Packers (4,156)|
|Fewest rushing yards allowed||Denver Broncos (1,331)|
|Fewest passing yards allowed||Green Bay Packers (2,740)|
|Scoring||John Kasay, Carolina (145 points)|
|Touchdowns||Terry Allen, Washington (21 TDs)|
|Most field goals made||John Kasay, Carolina (37 FGs)|
|Rushing||Barry Sanders, Detroit (1,553 yards)|
|Passing||Steve Young, San Francisco (97.2 rating)|
|Passing touchdowns||Brett Favre, Green Bay (39 TDs)|
|Pass receiving||Jerry Rice, San Francisco (108 catches)|
|Pass receiving yards||Isaac Bruce, St. Louis (1,338)|
|Punt returns||Desmond Howard, Green Bay (15.1 average yards)|
|Kickoff returns||Michael Bates, Carolina (30.2 average yards)|
|Interceptions||Tyrone Braxton, Denver and Keith Lyle, St. Louis (9)|
|Punting||John Kidd, Miami (46.3 average yards)|
|Sacks||Kevin Greene, Carolina (14.5)|
|Most Valuable Player||Brett Favre, Quarterback, Green Bay|
|Coach of the Year||Dom Capers, Carolina|
|Offensive Player of the Year||Terrell Davis, Running Back, Denver|
|Defensive Player of the Year||Bruce Smith, Defensive End, Buffalo|
|Offensive Rookie of the Year||Eddie George, Running Back, Houston|
|Defensive Rookie of the Year||Simeon Rice, Defensive End, Arizona|
|Comeback Player of the Year||Jerome Bettis, Running Back, Pittsburgh|
|NFL Man of the Year Award||Darrell Green, Cornerback, Washington|
|Super Bowl Most Valuable Player||Desmond Howard, Return Specialist, Green Bay|
- Arizona Cardinals – Vince Tobin new head coach. Replaced Buddy Ryan, who was fired after the 1995 season.
- Tampa Bay Buccaneers – Tony Dungy new head coach. Replaced Sam Wyche who was fired after the 1995 season.
- Miami Dolphins – Jimmy Johnson new head coach. Replaced Don Shula who retired after the 1995 season.
- Indianapolis Colts – Lindy Infante new head coach. Replaced Ted Marchibroda who was offered a job from the Baltimore Ravens.
- Cincinnati Bengals – Dave Shula was fired by mid season and was replaced by interim head coach Bruce Coslet.
- New Orleans Saints – Jim Mora resigned at mid season and was replaced by interim head coach Rick Venturi.
- Baltimore Ravens – Ted Marchibroda new head coach. Replaced Bill Belichick who was fired in the 1995 season in the Cleveland Browns era.
- Baltimore Ravens: The new Ravens team moved into Baltimore's Memorial Stadium
- Carolina Panthers: The Panthers moved from Memorial Stadium in Clemson, South Carolina to Ericsson Stadium in Charlotte, North Carolina, with the telecommunications company Ericsson acquiring the naming rights
- Cincinnati Bengals: Riverfront Stadium was renamed Cinergy Field after the energy company Cinergy acquires the naming rights
- Miami Dolphins: Joe Robbie Stadium was renamed Pro Player Stadium after Pro Player, the sports apparel division of Fruit of the Loom, acquired the naming rights
- Tampa Bay Buccaneers: Tampa Stadium was renamed Houlihan's Stadium after the Houlihan's restaurant chain acquired the naming rights
- The Arizona Cardinals modified their white jerseys, removing the black trim from numbers, removing the Cardinals logo from the sleeves, and moving the Arizona state flag above the sleeve stripes to where the logo was.
- The inaugural Baltimore Ravens uniforms featured purple jerseys with white numbers trimmed in black and gold at home, and white jerseys with black numbers trimmed in purple and gold on the road. Black pants worn with both jerseys. The team's original logo featured raven wings outspread from a shield displaying a letter "B".
- The Dallas Cowboys introduced new blue jerseys with white lettering and numbers, and placed their star logo upon the sleeve stripes.
- The Minnesota Vikings added their Norseman logo to the jersey sleeves. This moved the TV numbers from the sleeves to the shoulders.
- The New Orleans Saints switched to gold numbers on both their black and white jerseys, similar to their original 1960s design. The secondary logo on the jersey sleeves, that featured and outline of the state of Louisiana, was replaced with another fleur-de-lis.
- The Philadelphia Eagles introduced new uniforms, changing their primary color from kelly green to a darker shade described as "midnight green". The gray pants were replaced by white pants with the green jerseys, and green pants with the white jerseys. A new logo featuring a white eagle head with silver and black accents was placed on the green jersey sleeves, and the eagle wings on the helmets were redesigned to match.
- The San Francisco 49ers introduced new uniforms featuring a darker shade of red, a black dropshadow effect added to the numbers, and switching from gold to white pants.
- NFL Record and Fact Book (ISBN 1-932994-36-X)
- NFL History 1991–2000 (Last accessed October 17, 2005)
- Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (ISBN 0-06-270174-6)
- Steelers Fever – History of NFL Rules (Last accessed October 17, 2005)