A four-part referendum was held in Russia on 25 April 1993. Voters were asked questions on confidence in President Boris Yeltsin, support for the government's socio-economic policies and early elections for both the presidency and parliament. The referendum was initiated by the Congress of People's Deputies, which stipulated that Yeltsin would need to obtain 50% of the electorate, rather than 50% of valid votes. However, the Constitutional Court ruled that the president required only a simple majority on two issues: confidence in him, and economic and social policy; though he would still need the support of more than half the electorate in order to call new parliamentary and presidential elections.
Three of the four questions were approved by a majority of voters.
The four questions were:
- Do you have confidence in the President of the Russian Federation, Boris N. Yeltsin?
- Do you support the economic and social policy that has been conducted since 1992 by the President and Government of the Russian Federation?
- Should there be early elections for the President of the Russian Federation?
- Should there be early elections for the People's Deputies of the Russian Federation?
|Confidence in Yeltsin||40,405,811||59.9||26,995,268||40.1||1,468,868||68,869,947||107,310,374||64.2||Approved|
|Support for the economic and social policy||36,476,202||54.3||30,640,781||45.7||1,642,883||68,759,866||64.1||Approved|
|Early presidential elections||32,418,972||48.8||34,027,310||51.2||2,316,247||68,762,529||64.1||Rejected|
|Early elections for People's Deputies||46,232,197||69.1||20,712,605||30.9||1,887,258||68,832,060||64.1||Approved|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|