Presidential and vice presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the Presidency down to municipal councillors in the first general election under the 1987 Constitution. Even though she was permitted by the Constitution to run for a second term, President Corazon Aquino did not stand for re-election.
Retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas-NUCD won a six-year term as President of the Philippines by a small margin, narrowly defeating populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of the People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in Philippine electoral history. Miriam Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days, but was overtaken by Ramos afterwards. Santiago accused Ramos of fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence, but her protest was eventually dismissed.
The 1992 election was the second time both the President and Vice-President came from different parties. Film actor and Senator Joseph Estrada won a six-year term as Ramos' Vice-President by a landslide victory.
Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in the polls. The first twelve senators who garnered the highest votes would have a six-year term while the next twelve senators would have a three-year term. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice-Mayor Vicente Sotto III got the highest number of votes.
|Fidel V. Ramos||Lakas–NUCD (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats)||5,342,521||23.58%|
|Miriam Defensor-Santiago||People's Reform Party||4,468,173||19.72%|
|Eduardo Cojuangco Jr.||Nationalist People's Coalition||4,116,376||18.17%|
|Ramon Mitra Jr.||Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||3,316,661||14.64%|
|Imelda Marcos||Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement)||2,338,294||10.32%|
|Jovito Salonga||Liberal Party||2,302,123||10.16%|
|Salvador Laurel||Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party)||770,046||3.40%|
For Vice President
|Ramon Magsaysay Jr.||PRP||2,900,556||14.20%|
|Aquilino Pimentel Jr.||PDP-Laban||2,023,289||9.91%|
Tally of votes
The top 12 elected candidates served from June 30, 1992 until June 30, 1998, while the following 12 elected candidates were to serve from June 30, 1992 until June 30, 1995. A total of 166 candidates ran for senator.
For members of the House of Representatives
|Party||Popular vote||Seats won|
|LDPA (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||6,286,922||33.73%||16.25%||86||43.22%||62|
|Lakas (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats)||3,951,144||21.20%||21.20%||41||20.10%||41|
|NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition)||3,478,780||18.66%||18.66%||30||15.08%||30|
|Koalisyong PambansaB (National Coalition)||1,644,568||8.82%||18.96%||11||5.53%||48|
|Nacionalista (Nationalist Party)||730,696||3.92%||3.27%||7||3.52%||3|
|KBL (New Society Movement)||438,577||2.35%||1.75%||3||1.51%||8|
A. ^ Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino originated from Lakas ng Bansa.
|Sources: Julio Teehankee. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines" (PDF). quezon.ph. &|
Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz, Christof Hartmann, Graham Hassall & Soliman M. Santos.
Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Volume II: South East Asia, East Asia, and the South Pacific.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
Political parties in 1992
- LDP - Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
- Lakas-NUCD - Lakas Tao–National Union of Christian Democrats
- NPC - Nationalist People's Coalition
- LP-PDP-LABAN - Liberal Party–Partido ng Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan
- NP - Nacionalista Party
- KBL - Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
- PRP - People's Reform Party
- Commission on Elections
- Politics of the Philippines
- Philippine elections
- President of the Philippines
- 9th Congress of the Philippines