|Finals site||Norfolk Scope|
|Champions||USC (1st title, 2nd final four title)|
|Runner-up||Louisiana Tech (2nd title game)|
|MOP||Cheryl Miller (USC)|
The 1983 NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament began on March 18 and concluded on April 3 with USC winning the title. The tournament consisted of 36 teams. The Final Four was held in Norfolk, Virginia and consisted of USC, Louisiana Tech, Old Dominion, and Georgia. USC's Cheryl Miller was named the Most Outstanding Player of the tournament.
Neither semifinal game in the final four turned out to be close. Defending national champion Louisiana Tech beat long time powerhouse Old Dominion by sixteen points, handing them their 30th consecutive victory. In the other semifinal, Southern California had an easier time, beating Georgia by 24 points. This set up the championship game between the only two top seeds to advance to the Final Four.
The two teams had met twice before in regular season, both coming away with a win, but in both cases, on the opponents home court. USC beat the Lady Techsters in Louisiana, 64–58, giving the La Tech team their only loss for the year. La Tech turned around and beat USC in Los Angeles by two points in January, one of only two losses suffered by the USC team all season.
The game would come down to the final seconds. USC had a two-point lead with six seconds left in the game, and freshman star Cheryl Miller at the line for a one-and-one attempt. In the era before the three point shot, simply making the foul shot would virtually guarantee the win. But Miller would miss the shot, the Techsters would grab the rebounds, with a chance for a final shot. They ran up the court, where Kim Mulkey took the final shot, but it failed to go in, and USC won their first National Championship.
In the National Championship game, Jennifer White hit eight of nine free throw attempts to set a Championship game record for free throw percentage.
In the same game, Cheryl Miller attempted 14 free throws, a National Championship record.
The NCAA did not officially start keeping track of blocked shots in women's basketball until 1998 (it had begun doing so in the men's game in 1986). However, Anne Donovan of Old Dominion had twelve blocked shot in a regional game, two more than the official record of ten.
Qualifying teams - automatic
Thirty-six teams were selected to participate in the 1983 NCAA Tournament. Fourteen conferences were eligible for an automatic bid to the 1983 NCAA tournament. (Not all conference records are available for 1983) 
|Illinois State||Gateway[n 1]||20–9||-–||6|
|Old Dominion||Sun Belt||26–5||-–||2|
|Oregon State||Northern Pacific||23–5||-–||3|
|Penn State||Atlantic 10||24–6||-–||5|
|St. John's||Big East||23–5||-–||7|
- In the NCAA record books, Illinois State is officially recognized as having been a member of both the Gateway Collegiate Athletic Conference (Gateway) and the Missouri Valley Conference (MVC) in 1983, although the latter did not sponsor women's sports until the 1992–93 school year. The 1982–83 school year was the first for the Gateway, founded as a women's-only parallel to the MVC. In 1985, the Gateway added football as its only men's sport. After the women's side of the Gateway merged into the MVC in 1992, the football side remained in operation, and is now the Missouri Valley Football Conference.
- The NCAA recognized a Metro Conference champion, although that league would not sponsor women's sports until the 1983–84 school year.
Qualifying teams - at-large
Twenty-two additional teams were selected to complete the thirty-six invitations. (Not all conference records are available for 1983) OR - Opening Round
|Arizona State||Western Collegiate||22–6||9–5||4|
|Kansas State||Big Eight||24–5||-–||3|
|La Salle||East Coast||16–12||-–||OR|
|Long Beach State||Independent||22–6||-–||2|
|Middle Tennessee State||Ohio Valley||25–4||10–0||OR|
|Montana||Mountain West Athletic||26–3||-–||OR|
|North Carolina State||ACC||22–7||12–1||4|
|South Carolina State||MEAC||16–7||-–||OR|
|Stephen F. Austin||Southland||18–6||-–||7|
Bids by conference
Twenty-two conferences earned an automatic bid. In sixteen cases, the automatic bid was the only representative from the conference. Thirteen at-large teams were selected from six of the conferences. In addition, three independent (not associated with an athletic conference) teams earned at-large bids.
|5||SEC||Auburn, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee|
|3||ACC||Maryland, North Carolina, North Carolina State|
|3||Independent||Cheyney, Long Beach State, Louisiana Tech|
|3||Western Collegiate||Arizona State, UCLA, USC|
|2||Big 8||Kansas State, Missouri|
|2||Metro||Florida State, Louisville|
|2||Southland||Northeast Louisiana, Stephen F. Austin|
|1||Atlantic 10||Penn State|
|1||Big East||St. John's|
|1||East Coast||La Salle|
|1||MEAC||South Carolina State|
|1||Mountain West Athletic||Montana|
|1||Northern Pacific||Oregon State|
|1||OVC||Middle Tennessee State|
|1||Sun Belt||Old Dominion|
Bids by state
|3||California||Southern California, Long Beach St., UCLA|
|3||Pennsylvania||Penn St., Cheyney, La Salle|
|2||Louisiana||Louisiana Tech, Northeast Louisiana|
|2||Mississippi||Jackson St., Mississippi|
|2||North Carolina||North Carolina, North Carolina St.|
|2||Tennessee||Middle Tenn., Tennessee|
|2||Texas||Texas, Stephen F. Austin|
|1||New York||St. John's NY|
|1||South Carolina||South Carolina St.|
In 1983, the field expanded from 32 to 36 teams. The teams were seeded, and assigned to four geographic regions, with seeds 1-9 in each region. The 8 and 9 seeds in each region played a play-in game, called the opening round (OR). In the opening round and Round 1, the higher seed was given the opportunity to host the first-round game, and all but one of the higher seeds hosted. Missouri was a 4 seed, but unable to host, so the game was played at 5 seed Auburn.
The following table lists the region, host school, venue and location. The opening round games are denoted with "OR".
Regionals and Final Four
The Regionals, named for the general location, were held from March 24 to March 27 at these sites:
- East Regional Recreation Building (Rec Hall), University Park, Pennsylvania (Host: Pennsylvania State University )
- Midwest Regional Thomas Assembly Center, Ruston, Louisiana (Host: Louisiana Tech University)
- Mideast Regional Athletic & Convocation Center, Notre Dame, Indiana (Host: University of Notre Dame)
- West Regional Pauley Pavilion, Los Angeles, California (Host: University of California, Los Angeles)
East Regional - Penn State University - University Park, PA (Rec Hall)
March 18 and 19
March 24 and 25
Midwest Regional - Louisiana Tech - Ruston, LA (Thomas Assembly Center)
March 18 and 19
March 24 and 25
Mideast Regional - Notre Dame - Notre Dame, IN Edmund P. Joyce Center
|2||South Carolina State||85|
March 18 and 19
March 24 and 25
|8||South Carolina State||51|
West Regional - UCLA - Los Angeles, CA (Pauley Pavilion)
|2||Long Beach State||74|
|2||Long Beach State||92|
|2||Long Beach State||88|
|7||Stephen F. Austin||61|
Final Four - Norfolk, Virginia
Record by conference
Fifteen conferences had more than one bid, or at least one win in NCAA Tournament play:
|Conference||# of Bids||Record||Win %||Round
- Cheryl Miller, Southern California
- Paula McGee, Southern California
- Janice Lawrence, Louisiana Tech
- Jennifer White, Louisiana Tech
- Anne Donovan, Old Dominion 
- Jan Donahue (Semi-Final)
- Skip Gill (Semi-Final)
- Kit Robinson (Semi-Final, Final)
- Pete Stewart (Semi-Final, Final) 
- Gregory Cooper. "1983 Tournament". Archived from the original on 2009-10-21. Retrieved 2007-03-29.
- "CHN Basketball History: Most Outstanding Player". Archived from the original on 2008-01-25. Retrieved 2007-03-30.
- Neff, Craig (April 11, 1983). "Welcome To Miller Time". Sports Illustrated. CNNSI. Retrieved 4 May 2012. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- "Championship records remembered". NCAA. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- "Attendance and Sites" (PDF). NCAA. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- Nixon, Rick. "Official 2012 NCAA Women's Final Four Records Book" (PDF). NCAA. Retrieved 22 April 2012.