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1976 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
|Years in sports:||1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s|
|Years:||1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979|
- Alpine Skiing World Cup
- January 18 – Super Bowl X: Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC) won 21−17 over the Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
- Location: Miami Orange Bowl
- Attendance: 80,187
- Lee Roy Selmon is selected as the first overall pick in the NFL Draft. (April 8)
- Seattle Seahawks founded.
- Tampa Bay Buccaneers founded.
- Orange Bowl (1975 season):
- Tony Dorsett is awarded the Heisman Trophy (November 30).
- England – FA Cup – Southampton won 1–0 over Manchester United
- Stevenage F.C. were established
- Italy – Torino win Serie A for the first time since the Superga air disaster wiped out the team 27 years before.
- 1976 European Championship – Czechoslovakia beat West Germany 5–3 on penalties to win, after the game had ended 2-2 after extra time.
- July – Athletics at the 1976 Summer Olympics held at Montreal
- Victorian Football League
- April 17 – Mike Schmidt of the Philadelphia Phillies hits four consecutive home runs in a game against the Chicago Cubs.
- April 25 – Chicago Cubs outfielder Rick Monday rescues an American flag just as two protesters are about to burn it in the outfield during a game at Dodger Stadium.
- Seattle Mariners, officially founded in Washington state on August 24.
- Sparky Lyle of the New York Yankees breaks Hoyt Wilhelm's American League record of 154 career saves.
- World Series – The Cincinnati Reds (aka the "Big Red Machine") sweep the New York Yankees, 4 games to 0, to win their second straight championship.
- NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Championship –
- Indiana wins 86–68 over Michigan
- NBA Finals –
- 1976 ABA Playoffs –
- American Basketball Association merges with the National Basketball Association; Virginia Squires fold, Kentucky Colonels and Spirits of St. Louis are bought out, and the remaining four teams (San Antonio Spurs, Denver Nuggets, New York Nets, and Indiana Pacers) join the NBA
- Turkish professional club, Anadolu Efes S.K. was founded in Ümraniye area, Istanbul.
- May 22 – death of Oscar Bonavena (34), Argentinian heavyweight, who was shot in Reno, Nevada
- September 28 in Yankee Stadium, Bronx, New York Muhammad Ali won a controversial 15-round decision over Ken Norton to keep his World Heavyweight title.
- October 8 in São Paulo, Brazil, former world featherweight champion Eder Jofre fought his last fight, outpointing Mexico's Octavio (Famoso) Gomez in ten rounds.
- Grey Cup – Ottawa Rough Riders won 23–20 over the Saskatchewan Roughriders
- Vanier Cup – Western Ontario Mustangs won 29–13 over the Acadia Axemen
- Giro d'Italia won by Felice Gimondi of Italy
- Tour de France – Lucien Van Impe of Belgium
- UCI Road World Championships – Men's road race – Freddy Maertens of Belgium
- Olympic Games (Men's Competition) in Montreal won by New Zealand
- Women's World Cup in Berlin won by West Germany
- World Figure Skating Championships –
- Masters Tournament – Raymond Floyd
- U.S. Open – Jerry Pate
- British Open – Johnny Miller
- PGA Championship – Dave Stockton
- PGA Tour money leader – Jack Nicklaus – $266,439
- LPGA Championship – Betty Burfeindt
- U.S. Women's Open – JoAnne Carner
- LPGA Tour money leader – Judy Rankin – $150,734, she is the first to ever earn more than $100,000 in a season.
- United States Pacing Triple Crown races –
- United States Trotting Triple Crown races –
- Australian Inter Dominion Harness Racing Championship –
- Australia – Melbourne Cup won by Van der Hum
- Canada – Queen's Plate won by Norcliffe
- France – Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe won by Ivanjica
- Ireland – Irish Derby Stakes won by Malacate
- English Triple Crown Races:
- United States Triple Crown Races:
- Art Ross Trophy as the NHL's leading scorer during the regular season: Guy Lafleur, Montreal Canadiens
- Hart Memorial Trophy for the NHL's Most Valuable Player: Bobby Clarke – Philadelphia Flyers
- Stanley Cup – Montreal Canadiens win 4 games to 0 over the Philadelphia Flyers
- World Hockey Championship –
- Men's champion: Czechoslovakia defeated the Soviet Union
- Avco World Trophy – Winnipeg Jets win 4 games to 0 over the Houston Aeros
- NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship – University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Golden Gophers defeat Michigan Technological University Huskies 6–4 in Denver, Colorado
- 29 June – the World Club Challenge concept is trialled as English champions St. Helens travel to Sydney to play Australian champions Eastern Suburbs. Easts defeat St Helens 25–2 in the one-off match.
- 18 August – the 1976 Amco Cup tournament culminates in Balmain's 21–7 win over North Sydney in the final
- 18 September – the 1976 NSWRFL season culminates in Manly-Warringah's 13–10 win over Parramatta in the Grand Final
- World Snooker Championship – Ray Reardon beats Alex Higgins 27-16
- World rankings are introduced. Ray Reardon becomes the first world number one, for 1976/77.
- July 18 to July 25 – XXI Olympic Games, held in Montreal
- August 14 – United States's Jonty Skinner sets the first official world record in the 50m freestyle in Philadelphia, clocking 23.86
- Grand Slam in tennis men's results:
- Grand Slam in tennis women's results:
- Davis Cup – Italy wins 4–1 over Chile in world tennis.
- Water polo at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montréal won by Hungary
General sporting events
- 1976 Summer Olympics takes place in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
- USSR wins the most medals (125), and the most gold medals (49).
- 1976 Winter Olympics takes place in Innsbruck, Austria
- USSR wins the most medals (27), and the most gold medals (13).
- Fifth Pan Arab Games held in Damascus, Syria
- Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year – Caitlyn Jenner (then Bruce),[a] Track and field
- Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year – Nadia Comăneci, Gymnastics
- ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year: Nadia Comăneci, Gymnastics