|Dates||12–15 July 1972|
|Course(s)||Muirfield Golf Links|
|Length||6,892 yards (6,302 m)|
88 after 1st cut
64 after 2nd cut
|Cut||152 (+10) (1st cut) |
225 (+12) (2nd cut)
|Winner's share||£5,500 |
The 1972 Open Championship was the 101st Open Championship, held 12–15 July at Muirfield Golf Links in Gullane, East Lothian, Scotland. Lee Trevino won his second straight Claret Jug, the first to successfully defend his title since Arnold Palmer in 1962. Trevino finished one stroke ahead of runner-up Jack Nicklaus, ending his bid for the Grand Slam. Nicklaus had won the first two majors in 1972 and was the odds-on favorite at Muirfield, where he won his first Open in 1966. He also held the PGA Championship title from February 1971; a win at Muirfield and he would become the first to hold all four major titles at once.
Six strokes back at even-par after 54 holes, Nicklaus shot a final round 66 (−5) on Saturday to tie the course record, but played the final three holes at one-over par. Trevino posted his own 66 in the third round and held on with an even-par 71, which included a chip-in for par at 17, to gain the fourth of his six major titles.
It was the third of four times that Nicklaus was a runner-up to Trevino in a major championship.
Trevino's win ended a stretch where American-born golfers won eight consecutive major championship.This is the fourth-longest stretch in history for American-born golfers after stretches that ended at the 1930 Open Championship, 1947 U.S. Open, and the 1977 PGA Championship.
Thirty years later, Tiger Woods became the first since Nicklaus to win the first two major tournaments of the year. His bid for a Grand Slam in 2002 also ended at Muirfield, foiled by stormy weather during his third round. Woods is the only one to hold all four major titles at once, completing the Tiger Slam at the Masters in April 2001. In 2015, Jordan Spieth finished one shot out of a playoff at the Open Championship after winning that year's first two majors.
Past champions in the field
Made both cuts
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Lee Trevino||United States||1971||71||70||66||71||278||−6||1|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||1966, 1970||70||72||71||66||279||−5||2|
|Gary Player||South Africa||1959, 1968||71||71||76||67||285||+1||6|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||1961, 1962||73||73||69||71||286||+2||T7|
|Bob Charles||New Zealand||1963||75||70||74||70||289||+5||T15|
|Peter Thomson||Australia||1954, 1955,
1956, 1958, 1965
Missed the first cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Fred Daly||Northern Ireland||1947||77||83||160||+18|
|Bobby Locke||South Africa||1949, 1950,
Wednesday, 12 July 1972
|T3||Frank Beard||United States||70||−1|
|Dave Marr||United States|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States|
|Gary Player||South Africa|
|Doug Sanders||United States|
|Lee Trevino||United States|
Thursday, 13 July 1972
|Lee Trevino||United States||71-70=141|
|Johnny Miller||United States||76-66=142|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||70-72=142|
|Gary Player||South Africa||71-71=142|
|Doug Sanders||United States||71-71=142|
Friday, 14 July 1972
|1||Lee Trevino||United States||71-70-66=207||−6|
|3||Doug Sanders||United States||71-71-69=211||−2|
|5||Jack Nicklaus||United States||70-72-71=213||E|
|Johnny Miller||United States||76-66-72=214|
|T8||Dave Marr||United States||70-74-71=215||+2|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||73-73-69=215|
Amateurs: Foster (+14), Mosey (+14), Stephen (+14), Revell (+15).
Saturday, 15 July 1972
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money (£)|
|1||Lee Trevino||United States||71-70-66-71=278||−6||5,500|
|2||Jack Nicklaus||United States||70-72-71-66=279||−5||4,000|
|4||Doug Sanders||United States||71-71-69-70=281||−3||2,750|
|6||Gary Player||South Africa||71-71-76-67=285||+1||2,150|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||73-73-69-71=286|
|Tom Weiskopf||United States||73-74-70-69=286|
- "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. pp. 64, 203. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Nicklaus' bid falls one stroke short". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. Associated Press. 16 July 1972. p. D1.
- Jenkins, Dan (24 July 1972). "Slamming the door on Jack". Sports Illustrated. p. 8.
- "1972 Open Championship results". databasegolf.com. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- "British Open scores". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. Associated Press. 16 July 1972. p. D4.
- 101st Open - Muirfield 1972 (Official site)
- 101st Open Championship - Muirfield (European Tour)
- About.com – 1972 Open Championship]