|Ab urbe condita||2718|
|Balinese saka calendar||1886–1887|
|British Regnal year||13 Eliz. 2 – 14 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)|
4661 or 4601
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4662 or 4602
|- Vikram Samvat||2021–2022|
|- Shaka Samvat||1886–1887|
|- Kali Yuga||5065–5066|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 40|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 54|
|Thai solar calendar||2508|
2091 or 1710 or 938
— to —
2092 or 1711 or 939
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1965.|
1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1965th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 965th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1960s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1 – Canadian ship SS Catala is driven onto the beach in Ocean Shores, Washington, stranding her.
- January 4 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaims his "Great Society" during his State of the Union address.
- January 9 – The Mirzapur Cadet College formally opens for academic activities in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
- January 14 – The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and the Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland meet for the first time in 43 years.
- January 19 – The unmanned Gemini 2 is launched on a suborbital test of various spacecraft systems.
- January 20
- January 26 – Anti-Hindi agitations break out in India, because of which Hindi does not get "National Language" status and remains one of the 23 official languages of India.
- January 30 – The state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill takes place in London with the largest assembly of statesmen in the world until the 2005 funeral of Pope John Paul II.
- February 4 – Trofim Lysenko is removed from his post as director of the Institute of Genetics at the Academy of Sciences in the Soviet Union. Lysenkoist theories are now treated as pseudoscience.
- February 6 – English footballer Sir Stanley Matthews plays his final First Division game, at the record age of 50 years and 5 days.
- February 12
- The African and Malagasy Common Organization (Organization Commune Africaine et Malgache; OCAM) is formed as successor to the Afro-Malagasy Union for Economic Cooperation (Union Africaine et Malgache de Cooperation Economique; UAMCE), formerly the African and Malagasy Union (Union Africaine et Malgache; UAM).
- Malcolm X visits Smethwick following the racially charged 1964 general election.
- February 15 – A new red and white maple leaf design is inaugurated as the flag of Canada, replacing the Union Flag and the Canadian Red Ensign.
- February 18 – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
- February 20
- February 21 – African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City.
- February 22 – A new, revised, color production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella airs on CBS. Lesley Ann Warren makes her TV debut in the title role. The show becomes an annual tradition.
- March 2
- March 7 – Bloody Sunday: Some 200 Alabama State Troopers attack 525 civil rights demonstrators in Selma, Alabama, as they attempt to march to the state capitol of Montgomery.
- March 8 – Vietnam War: Some 3,500 United States Marines arrive in Da Nang, South Vietnam, becoming the first American ground combat troops in Vietnam.
- March 9 – The second attempt to march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., stops at the bridge that was the site of Bloody Sunday, to hold a prayer service and return to Selma, in obedience to a court restraining order. White supremacists beat white Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb later that day in Selma.
- March 10
- March 11 – White Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb, beaten by White supremacists in Selma, Alabama, on March 9 following the second march from Selma, dies in a hospital in Birmingham, Alabama.
- March 15 – President Lyndon B. Johnson makes his "We Shall Overcome" speech.
- March 16 – Police clash with 600 SNCC marchers in Montgomery, Alabama.
- March 17
- In Montgomery, Alabama, 1,600 civil rights marchers demonstrate at the Courthouse.
- In response to the events of March 7 and 9 in Selma, Alabama, President Lyndon B. Johnson sends a bill to Congress that forms the basis for the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It is passed by the Senate May 26, the House July 10, and signed into law by President Johnson August 6.
- March 18
- March 19 – The wreck of the SS Georgiana is discovered off the Isle of Palms, South Carolina, by teenage diver E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after she was sunk.
- March 20
- March 21
- March 22 – Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes the first secretary of the Romanian Communist Party, after the sudden death of previous leader Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej on March 19 that year.
- March 23
- Events of March 23, 1965: Large student demonstration in Morocco, joined by discontented masses, meets with violent police and military repression.
- Gemini 3: NASA launches the United States' first 2-person crew (Gus Grissom, John Young) into Earth orbit.
- The first issue of The Vigilant is published from Khartoum.
- March 25 – Martin Luther King, Jr. and 25,000 civil rights activists successfully end the 4-day march from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery.
- March 30
- April 3 – The world's first space nuclear power reactor, SNAP-10A, is launched by the United States from Vandenberg AFB, California. The reactor operates for 43 days and remains in low Earth orbit.
- April 5 – At the 37th Academy Awards, My Fair Lady wins 8 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Rex Harrison wins an Oscar for Best Actor. Mary Poppins takes home 5 Oscars. Julie Andrews wins an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the title role. Sherman Brothers receives 2 Oscars including Best Song, "Chim Chim Cher-ee".
- April 6
- April 9
- April 11 – The 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak: An estimated 51 tornadoes (47 confirmed) hit in 6 Midwestern states, killing between 256 and 271 people and injuring some 1,500 more.
- April 14 – In Cold Blood killers Richard Hickock and Perry Smith, convicted of murdering 4 members of the Herbert Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas, are executed by hanging at the Kansas State Penitentiary for Men in Lansing, Kansas.
- April 17 – The first Students for a Democratic Society march against the Vietnam War draws 25,000 protestors to Washington, D.C.
- April 18 – Consecration of Saint Clement of Ohrid Macedonian Orthodox Cathedral in Toronto, Canada.
- April 21 – The New York World's Fair in Flushing Meadows, New York, reopens.
- April 23 – The Pennine Way officially opens.
- April 24
- The 1965 Yerevan demonstrations start in Yerevan, demanding recognition of the Armenian Genocide.
- The bodies of Portuguese opposition politician Humberto Delgado and his secretary Arajaryr Moreira de Campos are found in a forest near Villanueva del Fresno, Spain (they were killed February 12).
- In the Dominican Republic, officers and civilians loyal to deposed President Juan Bosch mutiny against the right-wing junta running the country, setting up a provisional government. Forces loyal to the deposed military-imposed government stage a countercoup the next day, and civil war breaks out, although the new government retains its hold on power.
- April 25 – Teenage sniper Michael Clark kills 3 and wounds others shooting at cars from a hilltop along Highway 101 just south of Orcutt, California. Sixteen-year-old Clark kills himself as police rush the hilltop.
- April 26 – Rede Globo, the 3rd largest TV broadcaster of the world, is founded, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- April 28
- U.S. troops occupy the Dominican Republic.
- Vietnam War: Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies announces that the country will substantially increase its number of troops in South Vietnam, supposedly at the request of the Saigon government (it is later revealed that Menzies had asked the leadership in Saigon to send the request at the behest of the Americans).
- April 29 – Australia announces that it is sending an infantry battalion to support the South Vietnam government.
- May 1
- May 5 – Forty men burn their draft cards at the University of California, Berkeley, and a coffin is marched to the Berkeley Draft Board.
- May 6 – A tornado outbreak near the Twin Cities in Minnesota kills 13 and injures 683.
- May 7 – The U.S. Steel freighter SS Cedarville collides with the SS Topdalsfjord and sinks near the Mackinac Bridge, killing 25. 10 are rescued from the Cedarville, the 3rd largest lake ship to sink after its sister the SS Carl D. Bradley, and the SS Edmund Fitzgerald.
- May 9 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz returns to the stage after a 12-year absence, performing a legendary concert in Carnegie Hall in New York.
- May 12
- May 13 – A West German court of appeals condemns the behavior of ex-defense minister Franz Josef Strauss during the Spiegel scandal.
- May 21 – The largest antiwar teach-in to date begins at Berkeley, California, attended by 30,000.
- May 22
- May 25 – Muhammad Ali knocks out Sonny Liston in the first round of their championship rematch with the "Phantom Punch" at the Central Maine Civic Center in Lewiston.
- May 27 – Internazionale beats Benfica 1-0 at the San Siro, Milan and wins the 1964-65 European Cup (football).
- May 29 – A mining accident in Dhanbad, India kills 274.
- May 31 – Racing driver Jim Clark wins the Indianapolis 500, and later wins the Formula One world driving championship in the same year.
- June 1
- June 2 – Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam.
- June 3 – Gemini 4: Astronaut Ed White makes the first U.S. space walk.
- June 6 – The single "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" by The Rolling Stones is released. It becomes the band's first number one in the United States and is often thought to be one of the greatest rock 'n' roll songs of all time.
- June 7 – Kakanj mine disaster: A mining accident in Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina, results in 128 deaths.
- June 10 – Vietnam War – Battle of Dong Xoai: About 1,500 Viet Cong mount a mortar attack on Đồng Xoài, overrunning its military headquarters and the adjoining militia compound.
- June 16 – A planned anti-Vietnam War protest at The Pentagon becomes a teach-in, with demonstrators distributing 50,000 leaflets in and around the building.
- June 19 – Houari Boumediene's Revolutionary Council ousts Ahmed Ben Bella, in a bloodless coup in Algeria.
- June 20 – Police in Algiers break up demonstrations by people who have taken to the streets chanting slogans in support of deposed President Ahmed Ben Bella.
- June 22 – The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea is signed in Tokyo.
- June 25 – A U.S. Air Force Boeing C-135 Stratolifter bound for Okinawa crashes just after takeoff at MCAS El Toro in Orange County, California, killing all 85 on board.
- June 26 – Ian Chesterton and Barbara Wright return to "London 1965!" On the planet Earth in the Dalek Time Machine following The Daleks' defeat. (Doctor Who: "The Chase")
- June 28 – The DeFeo family moves from Brooklyn, New York, to 112 Ocean Avenue in Amityville, Long Island, New York, in the United States. The murder of all but one of the DeFeos nine years later, on November 13, 1974, by the oldest son, Ronald/Ronnie "Butch" DeFeo Jr., and the subsequent claims of a haunting at 112 Ocean Avenue by the Lutz family, would lead to The Amityville Horror franchise of books and movies.
- July – The Commonwealth secretariat is created.
- July 14 – U.S. spacecraft Mariner 4 flies by Mars, becoming the first spacecraft to return images from the Red Planet.
- July 15 – Greek Prime minister Georgios Papandreou and his government are dismissed by King Constantine II.
- July 16 – The Mont Blanc Tunnel is inaugurated by presidents Giuseppe Saragat and Charles de Gaulle.
- July 24 – Vietnam War: Four F-4C Phantoms escorting a bombing raid at Kang Chi are targeted by antiaircraft missiles, in the first such attack against American planes in the war. One is shot down and the other 3 sustain damage.
- July 25 – Bob Dylan elicits controversy among folk purists by "going electric" at the Newport Folk Festival.
- July 26 – The Maldives receive full independence from Great Britain.
- July 27 – Edward Heath becomes Leader of the British Conservative Party.
- July 28 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000, and to more than double the number of men drafted per month - from 17,000 to 35,000.
- July 29 – premiere Help!, second movie of The Beatles
- July 30 – War on Poverty: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
- August 1 – Cigarette advertising is banned on British television.
- August 6 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law, outlawing literacy tests and other discriminatory voting practices that have been responsible for widespread disfranchisement of African Americans.
- August 7 – Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prime Minister of Malaysia, recommends the expulsion of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia, negotiating its separation with Lee Kuan Yew, Prime Minister of Singapore.
- August 9
- Singapore is expelled from the Federation of Malaysia, which recognises it as a sovereign nation. Lee Kuan Yew announces Singapore's independence and assumes the position of Prime Minister of the new island nation – a position he holds until 1990.
- An explosion at an Arkansas missile plant kills 53.
- Indonesian president Sukarno collapses in public.
- August 11 – The Watts Riots begin in Los Angeles, ending on the 16th after resulting in 34 deaths and over 3,000 arrests.
- August 13 – The rock group Jefferson Airplane debuts at the Matrix in San Francisco and begins to appear there regularly.
- August 15 – The Beatles perform the first stadium concert in the history of music, playing before 55,600 persons at Shea Stadium in New York City.
- August 18 – Vietnam War – Operation Starlite: 5,500 United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in Quảng Ngãi Province, in the first major American ground battle of the war. The Marines were tipped-off by a Viet Cong deserter who said that there was an attack planned against the U.S. base at Chu Lai.
- August 19 – At the conclusion of the Frankfurt Auschwitz trials, 66 ex-SS personnel receive life sentences, 15 others smaller ones.
- August 20 – Jonathan Myrick Daniels, an Episcopal seminarian from Keene, New Hampshire, is murdered in Hayneville, Alabama, while working in the civil rights movement.
- August 21 – Gemini 5 (Gordon Cooper, Pete Conrad) is launched on the first 1-week flight, as well as the first test of fuel cells for electrical power.
- August 30
- August 31 – President Johnson signs a law penalizing the burning of draft cards with up to 5 years in prison and a $1,000 fine.
- September 2 – Pakistani troops enter the Indian sector of Kashmir, while Indian troops try to invade Lahore.
- September 6 – The Islamic Republic of Pakistan observes its Defence Day, on account of successful defence of Lahore and other important areas against India.
- September 7
- Pakistan celebrates Air Force Day on account of heavy retaliations to India.
- The People's Republic of China announces that it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border.
- Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlite, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula, 23 miles (37 km) south of the Chu Lai Marine base.
- September 8
- September 9
- Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitches a perfect game in a baseball match against the Chicago Cubs. The opposing pitcher, Bob Hendley, allows only 1 run, which is unearned, and only one hit, making this the lowest-hit game (1) in baseball history. It is Koufax's fourth no-hitter in as many seasons.
- U.N. Secretary General U Thant negotiates with Pakistan President Ayub Khan.
- U Thant recommends China for United Nations membership.
- Hurricane Betsy roars ashore near New Orleans with winds of 145 mph (233 km/h), causing 76 deaths and $1.42 billion in damage. The storm is the first hurricane to cause $1 billion in unadjusted damages, giving it the nickname "Billion Dollar Betsy". It is the last major hurricane to strike New Orleans until Hurricane Katrina 40 years later.
- The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
- September 14
- September 16
- September 17 – King Constantine II of Greece forms a new government with Prime Minister Stephanos Stephanopoulos, in an attempt to end a 2-year-old political crisis.
- September 18
- September 20 – Vietnam War: An USAF F-104 Starfighter piloted by Captain Philip Eldon Smith is shot down by a Chinese MiG-19 Farmer. The pilot is held until 15 March 1973.
- September 21 – Gambia, Maldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.
- September 22 – Radio Peking announces that Indian troops have dismantled their equipment on the Chinese side of the border.
- September 24
- Fighting resumes between Indian and Pakistani troops.
- The British governor of Aden cancels the constitution and takes direct control of the protectorate, due to the bad security situation.
- September 25 – The Tom & Jerry cartoon series makes its world broadcast premiere on CBS.
- September 27 – The largest tanker ship at this time, Tokyo Maru, is launched in Yokohama, Japan.
- September 28
- September 30
- October 3
- October 4
- At least 150 are killed when a commuter train derails at the outskirts of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
- Prime minister Ian Smith of Rhodesia and Arthur Bottomley of the Commonwealth of Nations begin negotiations in London.
- Pope Paul VI visits the United States. He appears for a Mass in Yankee Stadium and makes a speech at the United Nations.
- The University of California, Irvine opens its doors.
- October 5 – Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with Malaysia because of their disagreement in the UN.
- October 6 – Ian Brady, a 27-year-old stock clerk from Hyde in Cheshire, is arrested for allegedly hacking to death (with a hatchet) 17-year-old apprentice electrician Edward Evans at a house on the Hattersley housing estate.
- October 7 – Seven Japanese fishing boats are sunk off Guam by super typhoon Carmen; 209 are killed.
- October 8
- Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966: The Indonesian army instigates the arrest and execution of communists which last until next March.
- The 7 Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent are adopted at the XX International Conference in Vienna, Austria.
- The International Olympic Committee admits East Germany as a member.
- The Post Office Tower opens in London.
- October 9
- October 10 – The first group of Cuban refugees travels to the U.S.
- October 12
- October 13 – Congo President Joseph Kasavubu fires Prime Minister Moise Tshombe and forms a provisional government, with Évariste Kimba in a leading position.
- October 15 – Vietnam War: The Catholic Worker Movement stages an anti-war protest in Manhattan. One draft card burner is arrested, the first under the new law.
- October 16
- Moors murders: Police find a girl's body on Saddleworth Moor near Oldham in Lancashire. The body is quickly identified as that of 10-year-old Lesley Ann Downey, who disappeared on Boxing Day the previous year from a fairground in the Ancoats area of Manchester. Ian Brady, arrested for the murder of a 17-year-old man in nearby Hattersley, is charged with murdering Lesley, as is his 23-year-old girlfriend Myra Hindley.
- Anti-war protests draw 100,000 in 80 U.S. cities and around the world.
- October 17 – The New York World's Fair at Flushing Meadows, closes. Due to financial losses, some of the projected site park improvements fail to materialize.
- October 18 – The Indonesian government outlaws the Communist Party of Indonesia.
- October 20 – Ludwig Erhard is re-elected Chancellor of West Germany (he had first been elected in 1963).
- October 21
- October 22
- October 24
- October 25 – The Soviet Union declares its support of African countries in case Rhodesia unilaterally declares independence.
- October 26 – Anti-government demonstrations occur in the Dominican Republic.
- October 27
- October 28
- French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Murville travels to Moscow.
- Pope Paul VI promulgates Nostra aetate, a "Declaration on the Relation of the (Roman Catholic) Church with Non-Christian Religions" by the Second Vatican Council which includes a statement that Jews are not collectively responsible for the death of Jesus (Jewish deicide).
- In St. Louis, Missouri, the 630-foot (190 m)-tall inverted weighted catenary steel Gateway Arch is completed.
- Mehdi Ben Barka, a Moroccan politician, is kidnapped in Paris and never seen again.
- October 29
- Moors murders: Ian Brady and Myra Hindley appear in court, charged with the murders of Edward Evans (17), Lesley Ann Downey (10), and John Kilbride (12) from Manchester.
- An 80-kiloton nuclear device is detonated at Amchitka Island, Alaska, as part of the Vela Uniform program, code-named Project Long Shot.
- October 30
- Vietnam War: Near Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. A sketch of Marine positions is found on the dead body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.
- In Washington, D.C., a pro-Vietnam War march draws 25,000.
- November 1 – A trolleybus plunges into the Nile at Cairo, killing 74 passengers.
- November 2
- November 3 – French President Charles de Gaulle announces (just short of his 75th birthday) that he will stand for re-election.
- November 5 – Martial law is announced in Rhodesia. The United Nations General Assembly accepts British intent to use force against Rhodesia if necessary by a vote of 82–9.
- November 6 – Freedom Flights begin: Cuba and the United States formally agree to start an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States (by 1971 250,000 Cubans take advantage of this program).
- November 7 – The Pillsbury Company's mascot, the Pillsbury Doughboy, is created in the United States.
- November 8
- Vietnam War – Operation Hump: The United States Army 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong.
- The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches islands (on June 23, 1976 Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches are returned to the Seychelles).
- The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 is given Royal Assent, suspending the death penalty for murder in the United Kingdom; renewal of the Act in 1969 makes the abolition permanent.
- The soap opera Days of Our Lives debuts on NBC in the United States.
- November 9
- Northeast blackout of 1965: Several U.S. states (VT, NH, MA, CT, RI, NY and portions of NJ) and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13½ hours.
- Vietnam War: In New York City, 22-year-old Catholic Worker Movement member Roger Allen LaPorte sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building in protest against the war.
- November 11
- In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares de facto independence ('UDI').
- United Airlines Flight 227 a Boeing 727-22, crashes short of the runway and catches fire at Salt Lake City International Airport in Salt Lake City; 43 out of 91 passengers and crew perish.
- November 12 – A UN Security Council resolution (voted 10–0) recommends that other countries not recognize independent Rhodesia.
- November 13
- The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles (97 km) off Nassau, Bahamas, with the loss of 90 lives.
- British theatre critic Kenneth Tynan says "fuck" during a discussion on BBC satirical programme BBC-3 for what many believed was the first time on British television. The corporation later issues a public apology.
- November 14 – Vietnam War – Battle of Ia Drang: In the Ia Drang Valley of the Central Highlands in Vietnam, the first major engagement of the war between regular United States and North Vietnamese forces begins.
- November 15 – U.S. racer Craig Breedlove sets a new land speed record of 600.601 mph (966.574 km/h).
- November 16 – Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe from Baikonur, Kazakhstan toward Venus (on March 1, 1966, it becomes the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet).
- November 20 – The United Nations Security Council recommends that all states stop trading with Rhodesia.
- November 21 – Mireille Mathieu sings on France's "Télé-Dimanche" and begins her successful singing career.
- November 22
- November 23 – Soviet general Mikhail Kazakov assumes command of the Warsaw Pact.
- November 24 – Congolese lieutenant general Mobutu ousts Joseph Kasavubu and declares himself president.
- November 26 – At the Hammaguir launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant A rocket with its first satellite, Astérix-1 on board, becoming the third country to enter outer space.
- November 27
- Tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters picket the White House, then march on the Washington Monument.
- Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned major sweep operations to neutralize Viet Cong forces during the next year are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam will have to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.
- November 28 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
- November 29 – The Canadian satellite Alouette 2 is launched.
- December 1 – The Border Security Force is established in India as a special force to guard the borders.
- December 3
- The first British aid flight arrives in Lusaka; Zambia had asked for British help against Rhodesia.
- Members of the Organization of African Unity decide to sever diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, unless the British Government ends the rebellion of Rhodesia by mid-December.
- The Beatles release their sixth album Rubber Soul.
- The first album by The Who, My Generation, is released in the United Kingdom. An edited version was released in the United States under the title The Who Sings My Generation on 25 April 1966.
- December 5
- December 8
- December 9 – A Charlie Brown Christmas, the first Peanuts television special, debuts on CBS, quickly becoming an annual tradition.
- December 15
- December 17 – The British government begins an oil embargo against Rhodesia; the United States joins the effort.
- December 20 – The World Food Programme is made a permanent agency of the United Nations.
- December 21
- The Soviet Union announces that it has shipped rockets to North Vietnam.
- In West Germany, Konrad Adenauer resigns as chairman of the Christian Democratic Party.
- The United Nations adopts the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
- A new 1-hour German-American production of the ballet The Nutcracker, with an international cast that includes Edward Villella in the title role, makes its U.S. television debut. It is repeated annually by CBS over the next 3 years but after that is virtually forgotten until issued on DVD in 2009 by Warner Archive.
- International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination is adopted.
- December 22
- December 25 – The Yemeni Nasserist Unionist People's Organisation is founded in Ta'izz.
- December 27 – The British oil platform Sea Gem collapses in the North Sea.
- December 28 – Italian Foreign Minister Amintore Fanfani resigns.
- December 30
- December 31 – Bokassa takes power in the Central African Republic.
- Tokyo officially becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from New York City.
- The Council for National Academic Awards is established in the UK.
- TAT-4 cable goes into operation.
- Aborigines are given the vote in Queensland, Australia.
- January 4
- January 5
- January 6 – Konnan, Cuban-born professional wrestler
- January 9
- January 10 – Butch Hartman, American animator and voice actor
- January 12
- January 13 – Rod Rosenstein, American officeholder (Deputy Attorney General) and lawyer
- January 14
- January 15
- January 18
- January 20 – Sophie, Countess of Wessex, wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
- January 21
- January 22
- January 24 – Mike Awesome, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
- January 25
- January 26
- January 27
- January 29
- February 1
- February 3
- February 4
- February 5 – Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian footballer
- February 7 – Chris Rock, African-American actor, comedian, and film director
- February 8 – Dicky Cheung, Hong Kong actor
- February 9 – Keith Wickham, English voice actor
- February 11 – Stephen Gregory, American actor
- February 12 – Brett Kavanaugh, American attorney and Supreme Court nominee
- February 13 – Andy Buckley, American actor
- February 15 – Héctor Beltrán Leyva, Mexican drug lord (d. 2018)
- February 16 – Adama Barrow, Gambian politician, 3rd President of Gambia
- February 17 – Michael Bay, American film director
- February 18 – Dr. Dre, African-American rapper and music producer
- February 22 – Dean Karr, American director and photographer
- February 23
- February 25 – Sylvie Guillem, French ballerina
- February 27 – Joakim Sundström, Swedish sound editor, sound designer and musician
- February 28 – Park Gok-ji, South Korean film editor
- March 1
- March 3 – Dragan Stojković, Serbian footballer and coach
- March 4
- March 7 – Jesper Parnevik, Swedish golfer
- March 8 – Kenny Smith, American basketball player
- March 9
- March 10
- March 11
- March 12
- March 14
- March 16
- March 19
- March 20 – Taeko Kawata, Japanese voice actress
- March 21 – Wakana Yamazaki, Japanese voice actress
- March 23 – Marti Pellow, Scottish singer (Wet Wet Wet)
- March 24 – The Undertaker, American professional wrestler
- March 25
- March 27 – Francisco Ribeiro, Portuguese musician and composer (Madredeus) (d. 2010)
- March 29 – Voula Patoulidou, Greek athlete
- March 30
- April 1
- April 3 – Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer (d. 2000)
- April 4 – Robert Downey Jr., American actor
- April 6
- April 7 – Bill Bellamy, American actor and comedian
- April 9 – Paulina Porizkova, Swedish-American model and actress
- April 11 – Eelco van Asperen, Dutch computer scientist
- April 12
- April 13 – Patricio Pouchulu, Argentine architect
- April 15 – Linda Perry, American musician
- April 16
- April 19 – Suge Knight, American record producer
- April 23
- April 25 – Édouard Ferrand, French politician (d. 2018)
- April 26 – Kevin James, American comedian and actor
- April 30 – Adrian Pasdar, American actor and voice artist
- May 3 – Gary Mitchell, Irish playwright
- May 4 – Aykut Kocaman, Turkish footballer
- May 7
- May 8
- May 9 – Steve Yzerman, Canadian hockey player
- May 10
- May 11 – Monsour del Rosario, Filipino Olympic athlete and actor
- May 12 – Renée Simonsen, Danish model and writer
- May 13
- May 14 – Eoin Colfer, Irish novelist
- May 16
- May 17 – Trent Reznor, American rock musician (Nine Inch Nails)
- May 19
- May 23
- May 24
- May 25 – Yahya Jammeh, President of the Gambia
- May 27 – Todd Bridges, American actor and comedian
- May 28 – Robbi Chong, Canadian actress
- May 31
- June 1
- June 2 – Steve and Mark Waugh, Australian cricketers
- June 4 – Mick Doohan, Australian motorcycle racer
- June 6
- June 7
- June 8
- June 10
- June 11
- June 15 – Bernard Hopkins, American boxer
- June 17
- June 18 – Kim Dickens, American actress
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- Chris Barnes, American child actor
- Lakei Heimuli, Tongan footballer
- Son Hyun-joo, South Korean actor
- Richard Lumsden, English actor, writer, composer and musician
- Vladimir Luxuria, Italian trans actress, writer, politician and television host
- Danielle Spencer, American actress
- Akiko Yagi, Japanese free announcer, tarento, television presenter, newscaster and actress
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9 – David O'Hara, Scottish actor
- July 10
- July 11
- July 12 – Mama Kandeh, Gambian politician
- July 14 – Lou Savarese, American boxer
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- Ken Evraire, Canadian television journalist, host and former professional football league player with Hamilton Tiger Cats
- Martin Kelly (Heavenly), British musician, music manager, record label boss, music publisher and author
- Craig Morgan, American country music artist
- Santiago Segura, Spanish actor, screenwriter, producer and director
- Rosa Gumataotao Rios, 43rd Treasurer of the United States
- Alex Winter, American actor
- Muhamad Radhi Mat Din, Malaysian coach and footballer
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22 – Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
- July 23
- July 24
- July 25 – Illeana Douglas, American actress and producer
- July 26
- July 27
- July 28 – Daniela Mercury, Brazilian singer, songwriter, dancer, producer, actress and television host
- July 29 – Chang-Rae Lee, Korean-American novelist
- July 31 – J. K. Rowling, English author
- August 1 – Sam Mendes, English film director
- August 2
- August 4
- August 6
- August 9
- August 10
- August 11
- August 13 – Deborah Falconer, American actress
- August 14 – Terry Richardson, American fashion photographer
- August 15
- August 16 – Michael O'Gorman, American coxswain (d. 2018)
- August 18
- August 19
- August 22 – David Reimer, Canadian victim of a botched circumcision and transgender reassignment surgery (d. 2004)
- August 24 – Dee Harvey, American R&B singer (d. 2012)
- August 25 – Mia Zapata, American singer (d. 1993)
- August 26 – Azela Robinson, Mexican actress
- August 28
- August 30 – Peter Grant, Scottish football player and manager
- September 1
- September 2 – Lennox Lewis, British boxer
- September 3 – Charlie Sheen, American actor and producer
- September 6 – Gleisi Hoffmann, Brazilian lawyer and politician
- September 7 – Jörg Pilawa, German television presenter
- September 8
- September 9
- September 10 – Marco Pastors, Dutch politician
- September 11
- September 12 – Einstein Kristiansen, Norwegian cartoonist, designer, and television host
- September 13 – Jeff Ross, American stand-up comedian, writer, and actor
- September 14
- September 15 – Fernanda Torres, Brazilian actress
- September 16 – Katy Kurtzman, American actress, director and producer
- September 17 – Kyle Chandler, American actor
- September 19
- September 20 – Robert Rusler, American actor
- September 21
- September 23 – Mark Woodforde, Australian tennis player
- September 25 – Scottie Pippen, American basketball player
- September 26
- September 27
- September 28 – Scott Fellows, American animator
- September 30
- October 1
- October 2 – Gerardo Reyero, Mexican voice actor
- October 3 – Jan-Ove Waldner, Swedish table tennis player
- October 4
- October 5
- October 6 – Steve Scalise, House Majority Whip and U.S. Representative of Louisiana's 1st district
- October 7 – Kumiko Watanabe, Japanese voice actress
- October 8 – C. J. Ramone, American musician
- October 9 – Dionicio Cerón, Mexican long-distance runner
- October 10 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
- October 11
- October 13
- October 14
- October 15 – Stephen Tompkinson, English actor
- October 16
- October 17 – Aravinda de Silva, Sri Lankan cricketer
- October 18
- October 19 – Ty Pennington, American television presenter
- October 20 – Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
- October 26
- October 29 – Christy Clark, Canadian politician
- October 31 – Rob Rackstraw, English Voice Artist
- November 1 – Mia Korf, American actress
- November 2
- November 3 – Ann Scott, French novelist
- November 4 – Wayne Static, American singer and musician (Static-X) (d. 2014)
- November 6 – Greg Graffin, American rock singer (Bad Religion)
- November 7
- November 9 – Bryn Terfel, Welsh baritone
- November 10 – Eddie Irvine, Northern Irish racecar driver
- November 13
- November 16 – Walter Stern, English music video and film director
- November 19
- November 20
- November 21
- November 22
- November 23
- November 24 – Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
- November 25 – Cris Carter, American football player
- November 26 – Scott Adsit, American actor
- November 28 – Peter Beagrie, English footballer
- November 29 – Lauren Child, American author
- November 30
- December 3
- December 4 – Veronica Taylor, American voice actress
- December 5
- December 7
- December 8 – David Harewood, English actor
- December 9 – Brad Savage, American actor
- December 10
- December 14
- December 15
- December 16 – J. B. Smoove, American actor
- December 18 – John Moshoeu, South African footballer
- December 19 – Jessica Steen, Canadian actress
- December 21
- December 22 – Lee Rogers Berger American-born explorer and paleoanthropologist
- December 23
- December 24 – Ian Gomez, American actor
- December 27 – Salman Khan, Indian actor, television presenter
- December 28 – Allar Levandi, Estonian Nordic combined skier
- December 30
- December 31
- January 4 – T. S. Eliot, American-British poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- January 7 – Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack, German-Australian artist (b. 1883)
- January 10
- January 12 – Lorraine Hansberry, American writer (b. 1930)
- January 14 – Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (b. 1903)
- January 20 – Alan Freed, American disc jockey (b. 1922)
- January 24 – Winston Churchill, British politician and statesman, 2-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, leader of the World War II, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1874)
- January 27
- January 28
- January 31 – Konstantin Muraviev, 31st Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1893)
- February 4 – J. B. Danquah, Ghanaian scholar and opposition leader (b. 1895)
- February 5 – Irving Bacon, American actor (b. 1893)
- February 6 – Frederick, Prince of Hohenzollern (b. 1891)
- February 7 – Nance O'Neil, American stage and film actress (b. 1874)
- February 9
- February 10 – Arthur C. Davis, American admiral (b. 1893)
- February 11 – Loyal Blaine Aldrich, American astronomer (b. 1884)
- February 13
- February 15 – Nat King Cole, American singer and musician (b. 1919)
- February 19
- February 20 – Théophile Marie Brébant, French army officer (b. 1889)
- February 21
- February 22 – Felix Frankfurter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1882)
- February 23 – Stan Laurel, British actor (b. 1890)
- February 24 – Takeo Itō, Japanese general (b. 1889)
- February 26 – Jimmie Lee Jackson, American civil rights activist (b. 1938)
- February 28 – Adolf Schärf, Austrian politician, 6th President of Austria (b. 1890)
- March 5 – Salvador Castaneda Castro, 31st President of El Salvador (b. 1888)
- March 6 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (b. 1889)
- March 7 – Louise Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden and second wife of King Gustaf VI Adolf (b. 1889)
- March 8 – Francesco Carnelutti, Italian jurist and lawyer (b. 1879)
- March 11 – James Reeb, American Unitarian Universalist minister, pastor and activist (b. 1927)
- March 13
- March 17
- March 18
- March 19 – Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist leader, 47th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1901)
- March 22 – Fidel Dávila, Spanish general and minister (b. 1878)
- March 23 – Mae Murray, American actress (b. 1885)
- March 28
- March 30 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
- April 3
- April 6 – William M. Branham, American Christian minister (b. 1909)
- April 8 – Lars Hanson, Swedish actor (b. 1886)
- April 10
- April 14 – Perry Smith (b. 1928) and Dick Hickock (b. 1931), American convicted murderers (executed)
- April 16 – Sydney Chaplin, American actor (b. 1885)
- April 18 – Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (b. 1917)
- April 19 – George Davis, Dutch-American actor (b. 1889)
- April 21 – Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
- April 23 – George Adamski, Polish-American UFO writer (b. 1891)
- April 24
- April 27 – Edward R. Murrow, American journalist (b. 1908)
- April 30 – Helen Chandler, American actress (b. 1906)
- May 1 – Spike Jones, American musician and bandleader (b. 1911)
- May 7 – Charles Sheeler, American photographer (b. 1883)
- May 9 – Leopold Figl, 14th Chancellor of Austria and acting President of Austria (b. 1902)
- May 10 – Hubertus van Mook, Acting Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1942 to 1948 (b. 1894)
- May 13 – Ignacio Barraquer, Spanish ophthalmologist (b. 1884)
- May 14 – Frances Perkins, First woman appointed as a United States Presidential cabinet member (Labor) (b. 1880)
- May 15 – Yisrael Bar-Yehuda, Zionist activist and Israel politician (b. 1895)
- May 16 – Maria Dąbrowska, Polish writer (b. 1886)
- May 18 – Eli Cohen, Israeli spy (b. 1924)
- May 20 – Huang Zhiqian, Chinese aircraft designer, Pakistan International Airlines Flight 705 crash (b. 1914)
- May 22
- May 23
- May 25 – Sonny Boy Williamson, American blues musician (b. 1899)
- June 1 – Curly Lambeau, American football coach (Green Bay Packers) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
- June 5
- June 7 – Judy Holliday, American actress, comedian, and singer (b. 1921)
- June 11 – José Mendes Cabeçadas, Portuguese navy officer, 94th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
- June 13 – Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli philosopher (b. 1878)
- June 14 – H. V. Kaltenborn, American radio commentator (b. 1878)
- June 15
- June 20 – Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (b. 1870)
- June 22
- June 23 – Mary Boland, American actress (b. 1880)
- June 24 – Kenneth Macdonald Beaumont, English legal pioneer (b. 1884)
- June 25 – Burr Shafer, American cartoonist (b. 1899)
- June 26 – Reginald Beckwith, English actor (b. 1908)
- June 28 – Red Nichols, American jazz cornettist (b. 1905)
- June 30 – Bessie Barriscale, American actress (b. 1884)
- July 1 – Wally Hammond, English cricketer (b. 1903)
- July 5 – Nanavira Thera, English Buddhist monk and teacher (b. 1920)
- July 7 – Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
- July 11 – Ray Collins, American actor (b. 1889)
- July 13 – Laureano Gómez Castro, 43rd President of Colombia (b. 1889)
- July 14
- July 19
- July 24 – Constance Bennett, American actress (b. 1904)
- July 25 – Freddie Mills, British boxing champion (b. 1919)
- July 28 – Rampo Edogawa, Japanese author and critic (b. 1894)
- July 29 – Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Japanese writer (b. 1886); his death officially recorded the following day
- July 30
- August 1
- August 6
- August 8 – Shirley Jackson, American author (b. 1916)
- August 9 – Creighton Hale, American actor (b. 1882)
- August 12 – William Mortensen, American art photographer (b. 1897)
- August 13 – Hayato Ikeda, Japanese politician, 38th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1899)
- August 17 – Guillermo Fernández-Shaw, Spanish poet and journalist (b. 1893)
- August 25
- August 26 – Maria Corsini, Italian Roman Catholic laywoman and blessed (b. 1884)
- August 27 – Le Corbusier, Swiss architect (b. 1887)
- August 28
- August 29 – Paul Waner, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
- September 2 – Pat Harrington Sr., Canadian actor (b. 1901)
- September 4
- September 5 – Tom Johnston, British journalist and politician (b. 1881)
- September 8
- September 10 – Bobby Jordan, American actor (b. 1923)
- September 12
- September 14 – J. W. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1891)
- September 15 – Steve Brown, American musician (b. 1890)
- September 16 – Fred Quimby, American animated film producer (b. 1886)
- September 17 – Alejandro Casona, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1903)
- September 25 – Henry Hugh Tudor, British general (b. 1871)
- September 27
- October 1
- October 3 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
- October 6 – Edward Evans, Murder victim (b. 1948)
- October 11
- October 12 – Samir Al-Rifai, 6-time Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1901)
- October 13 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
- October 14 – Randall Jarrell, American poet (b. 1914)
- October 15 – Abraham Fraenkel, Israeli mathematician and recipient of the Israel Prize (b. 1891)
- October 17 – John Barton King, American cricketer (b. 1873)
- October 18
- October 19 – Tom Kennedy, American actor (b. 1885)
- October 21
- October 22 – Paul Tillich, German American Christian existentialist philosopher and theologian (b. 1886)
- October 24 – Hans Meerwein, German chemist (b. 1879)
- October 26 – Sylvia Likens, American murder victim (b. 1949)
- October 29
- October 30 – Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr., American historian (b. 1888)
- October 31 – Rita Johnson, American actress (b. 1913)
- November 2
- November 3 – William Leo Hansberry, African American Scholar and Uncle of Playwright Lorraine Hansberry (b. 1894)
- November 4 – Dickey Chapelle, American photojournalist (killed in action) (b. 1919)
- November 6
- November 7 – Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, 2nd Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam (b. 1889)
- November 8
- November 12 – Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Indian Bohra spiritual leader (b. 1888)
- November 16
- November 18
- November 21 – Astrojildo Pereira, Brazilian politician (b. 1890)
- November 24
- November 25 – Dame Myra Hess, English pianist (b. 1890)
- December 5 – Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
- December 9
- December 10 – Henry Cowell, American composer (b. 1897)
- December 11 – George Constantinescu, Romanian scientist (b. 1881)
- December 16 – W. Somerset Maugham, English writer (b. 1874)
- December 22
- December 24
- December 29
- Physics – Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard P. Feynman
- Chemistry – Robert Burns Woodward
- Physiology or Medicine – François Jacob, André Michel Lwoff, Jacques Monod
- Literature – Mikhail Sholokhov
- Peace – United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF)
- "Holding history's largest funeral". BBC News. April 8, 2005. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- Cohen, Barry M. (1965). "The descent of Lysenko". Journal of Heredity. 56 (5): 229–33. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- Joravsky, David (1970). The Lysenko Affair. Russian Research Center studies, 61. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-53985-0.
- "Malcolm X's visit to Smethwick". BBC. February 12, 2015.
- "Largest Cities Through History". Geography. About.com.
- "David Reimer and John Money Gender Reassignment Controversy: The John/Joan Case - The Embryo Project Encyclopedia". embryo.asu.edu.
- Printing, Congress (U S. ) Joint Committee on (March 30, 2016). "Official Congressional Directory 114th Congress, 2015-2016, Convened January 2015". United States Government Publishing Office – via Google Books.