All 195 seats in the West Bengal state assembly
98 seats needed for a majority
On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, a portion of the Purnea district east of the river Mahananda and the Purulia sub-district of the Manbhum district in the south (except Char Thana) were transferred from Bihar to West Bengal. Thus, assembly constituencies in West Bengal increased from 187 (238 seats) to 195 (252 seats) during 1957 assembly elections.
On the political left two alliances had emerged; the United Left Election Committee (an alliance between the Communist Party of India, the Praja Socialist Party, the Forward Bloc, Marxist Forward Bloc and the Revolutionary Socialist Party) and the United Left Front (comprising the Socialist Unity Centre of India, the Bolshevik Party of India, the Republican Party and the Democratic Vanguard). A third alliance was the United Democratic People's Front, consisting of Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Hindu Mahasabha and the Revolutionary Communist Party of India.
Alliance wise result
The election was won by the Indian National Congress, who got a majority of its own in the assembly. The communists became the largest opposition party.
|TOTAL (1957)||75||TOTAL (1957)||0||TOTAL (1957)||152||TOTAL (1957)||0||TOTAL (1957)||25|
|TOTAL (1952)||39||TOTAL (1952)||2||TOTAL (1952)||150||TOTAL (1952)||13||TOTAL (1952)||34|
|Indian National Congress||152||46.14%|
|United Left Election Committee||80||33.6%|
|United Left Front (1957)||2||2.45%|
|United Democratic People's Front||0||3.44%|
|Party||No. of candidates||No. of elected||No. of votes||%|
|Indian National Congress||251||152||4,830,992||46.14%|
|Communist Party of India||103||46||1,865,106||17.81%|
|Praja Socialist Party||67||21||1,031,392||9.85%|
|Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha||37||25||225,126||2.15%|
|Bharatiya Jana Sangh||33||0||102,477||0.98%|
- "Reorganisation of States, 1955" (PDF). The Economic Weekly. October 15, 1955. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- M.V.S. Koteswara Rao. Communist Parties and United Front - Experience in Kerala and West Bengal. Hyderabad: Prajasakti Book House, 2003. p. 216.
- "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
- "List Of Political Parties" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2008-01-02.