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The year 1945 in architecture involved some significant events.
- February 13–15 – The bombing of Dresden by the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces destroys 13 square miles (34 km²) of the city, and causes a firestorm that consumes the city centre. Landmarks destroyed include the Frauenkirche, the Semperoper (the Saxony state opera house), and the Zwinger Palace. In the decades following the end of the war, some of the lost buildings are reconstructed.
- October 26 – Bierut Decree nationalizes most land in Warsaw prior to the city's reconstruction following the destruction of Warsaw.
- Auguste Perret is appointed architect for the reconstruction of Le Havre.
- The Architects Collaborative is established in Cambridge, Massachusetts by founding members Norman C. Fletcher (1917–2007), Jean B. Fletcher (1915–1965), John C. Harkness (1916–2016), Sarah P. Harkness (1914–2013), Robert S. McMillan (1916–2001), Louis A. McMillen (1916–1998), Benjamin C. Thompson (1918–2002), and Walter Gropius (1883–1969). TAC becomes known as one of the most notable firms in post-war modernism.
Buildings and structures
- RIBA Royal Gold Medal – Victor Vesnin.
- Grand Prix de Rome, architecture – Jean Dubuisson and Jean de Mailly.
- John Summerson – Georgian London.
- August 12 – Jean Nouvel, French architect
- Álvaro Barrera, Colombian restoration architect
- Stephen Carter, American architect
- John Frazer, British architect and CAD pioneer
- January 29 – Ilya Golosov, Soviet Russian architect (born 1883)
- February 5 – Ragnar Östberg, Swedish architect (born 1866)
- February 8 – Robert Mallet-Stevens, French architect (born 1886)
- February 10 – Baillie Scott, British architect (born 1865)
- Panteleimon Golosov, Russian Constructivist architect (born 1882)
- "BBC - WW2 People's War - Fact File : Dresden Raid". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- Kubo, Michael. "The Cambridge School". Architecture Boston. American Institute of Architects. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
- "Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Architect Biography Report (February 8, 2020, 10:56 pm)". www.scottisharchitects.org.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2020.