Monte Carlo, Monaco
|Occur every||4–7 April 1923|
The 1923 Women's Olympiad (Jeux Athlétiques Féminins, Jeux Olympiques Féminins and Monte Carlo Games) was the fourth international event in women's sports, the tournament was held 4 to 7 April 1923 in Monte Carlo, Monaco. The tournament was formally called "Les Jeux Athlétiques Féminins à Monté Carlo". The games were a runner-up to the 1921 Women's Olympiad and 1922 Women's Olympiad.
The multi-sport event was as previous years organised by Fédération des Sociétés Féminines Sportives de France (FSFSF) under chairwoman Alice Milliat and Camille Blanc, director of the "International Sporting Club de Monaco" as a response to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decision not to include women's events in the 1924 Olympic Games.
The games were attended by participants from 8 nations: Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Italy, Monaco, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The tournament was a huge promotion for women's sports.
The athletes competed in 11 events: running (60 metres, 250 metres, 800 metres, 4 x 75 metres relay, 4 x 175 metres relay and hurdling 65 metres), high jump, long jump, javelin, shot put and Athletics pentathlon. The tournament also held exhibition events in basketball, gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics.
The tournament was held at the "Tir aux Pigeons" in the gardens Les jardins du Casino of the Monte Carlo Casino in the ward of Monte Carlo. Among the spectators were Prince Louis II, Princess Charlotte and Prince Pierre.
Prior to the tournament a gymnastics event ("La Quatrième Fête Fédérale de Gymnastique et d'Éducation Physique Féminines" in the ward of Fontvieille with about 1200 participants from 71 gymnastic clubs (this event is sometimes confused with the athletic event).
- nb Each athlete in the shot put and javelin throw events threw using their right hand, then their left. Their final mark was the total of the best mark with their right-handed throw and the best mark with their left-handed throw.
The basketboll tournament was won by Team France after a win in the final against Team England with 19-1.
A special commemorative medal was issued for the participants.
The tournament was a huge promotion for women's sports. However it was the last of three Women's Olympiads. The event continued as Women's World Games with the first event already being held in Paris in 1922.
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- "Track and Field Statistics". Brinkster.net. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
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- Markula, Pirkko (2005). "Feminist Sport Studies: Sharing Experiences Of Joy And Pain". SUNY Press. p. 78-179. ISBN 9780791465301. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "Rétrospective de l'athlétisme féminin" (in French). Association des Entraineurs d’Ile de France d’athlétisme (AEIFA), Sylvain Charlet, p 8. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "Échos & Nouvelles" (PDF) (in French). Journal de Monaco, 10 April 1923, p 1. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "Échos & Nouvelles" (PDF) (in French). Journal de Monaco, 3 April 1923, p 3. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "Il "ventrale" bellezza di un gesto che fu arte prima di essere sport" (PDF) (in Italian). IAAF 2014, Giovanni Baldini, Ottavio Castellini, Marco Martini. P 59. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Women's World Games.|
- picture high jump Ivy Lowman (L'Équipe.fr)
- picture running event (L'Équipe.fr)
- picture hurdles event (Getty Images)
- newspaper Le Petit Journal Illustré cover (22 April 1923)
- newspaper Le Petit Journal Illustré in french (22 April 1923) (Bibliothèque nationale de France – BnF)
- pictures (Národní muzeum Česka /National museum Czech Republic)
- film gymnastics event (British Pathé)
- film gymnastics event (YouTube)
- Participation medal