On July 4, 1816, Representative Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) of Virginia's 18th district died in office. A special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy on October 10, 21-23, and 28, 1816 (each of the three districts within the 18th district held their election on a different day).
|Thomas M. Nelson||Democratic-Republican||625||55.0%|
|James J. Harrison||Federalist||512||45.0%|
Nelson took his seat on December 4, 1816, at the start of the 2nd session of the 14th Congress.
- http://elections.lib.tufts.edu/aas_portal/view-election.xq?id=va.special.uscongress.18.1816#note_1[permanent dead link]
- http://elections.lib.tufts.edu/aas_portal/view-election.xq?id=va.special.uscongress.18.1816[permanent dead link]
- http://artandhistory.house.gov/house_history/bioguide-front/14.pdf Archived 2014-12-06 at the Wayback Machine footnote 74