This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1732.
- Trinity College Library in Dublin, designed by Thomas Burgh, is completed.
- December 7 – The original Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, London (the modern-day Royal Opera House) is opened by John Rich with a production of William Congreve's The Way of the World.
- December 13 – The first issue of Then Swänska Argus, by Olof von Dalin, is published in Sweden, introducing the "younger new Swedish" (yngre nysvenska) literary language.
- December 28 – The first edition of Poor Richard's Almanac, by Benjamin Franklin, is published in America.
- The London Magazine is founded in opposition to the pro-Tory Gentlemen's Magazine.
- George Berkeley – Alciphron
- Johann Jakob Bodmer – translation of John Milton's Paradise Lost into German prose
- Elizabeth Boyd – The Happy-Unfortunate
- Mary Davys – The False Friend (fiction)
- Philip Doddridge – Sermons on the Religious Education of Children
- Robert Dodsley – A Muse in Livery
- George Granville, Lord Lansdowne – The Genuine Works
- Thomas-Simon Gueullette – Les Sultanes de Guzarate, contes mogols (Mogul Tales; or, the Dreams of Men Awake)
- John Horsley – Britannia Romana, or The Roman Antiquities of Britain
- William King – The Toast
- Alain-René Lesage – Les avantures de monsieur Robert Chevalier, dit de Beauchêne, capitaine de flibustiers dans la Nouvelle-France (The Adventures of Robert Chevalier, Call'd de Beauchene, Captain of a Privateer in New-France)
- George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton – The Progress of Love
- Daniel Neal – The History of the Puritans or Protestant Non-Conformists
- Richard Savage – An Epistle to the Right Honourable Sir Robert Walpole
- Philip Skippon – An Account of a Journey Made Thro ̓ Part of the Low-Countries, Germany, Italy, and France
- Jonathan Swift
- The Lady's Dressing Room
- The Grand Question Debated
- (with Pope and others) Miscellanies: The Third Volume
- Isaac Watts – A Short View of the Whole Scripture History
- Leonard Welsted – Of Dulness and Scandal (answer to The Dunciad)
- Gilbert West – Stowe
- Martín Sarmiento – Demostración apologética
- Henry Carey
- Amelia (opera)
- The Disappointment
- Henry Fielding
- The Lottery
- The Modern Husband
- The Covent-Garden Tragedy
- The Old Debauchees
- The Mock Doctor (performed)
- John Gay (with Alexander Pope) – Acis and Galatea (opera by Handel)
- Pierre de Marivaux – The Triumph of Love (Le Triomphe de l'amour)
- Voltaire – Zaïre
- January 6 – Matija Antun Relković, Croatian grammarian and poet (died 1798)
- January 24 – Pierre de Beaumarchais, French writer (died 1799)
- February 19 – Richard Cumberland, English dramatist (died 1811)
- April – George Colman the Elder, English dramatist and essayist (died 1794)
- September 29 – Samuel Musgrave, English classical scholar and pamphleteer (died 1780)
- February 22 – Bishop Francis Atterbury, English politician and writer (born 1663)
- March 20 – Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German poet and lexicographer (born 1681)
- March 29 (buried) – Jane Barker, English dramatist and poet (born 1652)
- May 9 – Samuel Palmer, English printer (year of birth unknown)
- July 3 (buried) – Mary Davys, Irish poet and dramatist (born 1674)
- December 2 – Constantia Grierson, Irish poet and classical scholar (born c. 1705)
- December 4 – John Gay, English poet and dramatist (born 1685)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Biography – CHEVALIER, Beauchêne, ROBERT – Volume II (1701-1740) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". www.biographi.ca. Retrieved 8 March 2019.