The year **1727 in science** and technology involved some significant events.

## Astronomy

## Biology

## Mathematics

- This year's French Academy of Sciences prize is based on a problem on the masting of ships: to calculate the number of masts to use and where in the ship to locate them. Pierre Bouguer gains the award for his paper
*On the masting of ships*; and two other prizes, one for his dissertation *On the best method of observing the altitude of stars at sea* and the other for his paper *On the best method of observing the variation of the compass at sea*. The 19-year-old Euler enters for the prize with an essay written in 1726 and published in 1728.

## Optics

## Pharmacology

## Other events

- The kilt is invented by Thomas Rawlinson, the English owner of an ironworks, who designs it as a cheap uniform for better maneuverability around machinery. Ian MacDonnel of Glengarry adopts the garment along with his clansmen, and the kilt is worn throughout the Highlands by 1745.

## Births

## Deaths

## References