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The year 1700 in music involved some significant events.
- John Eccles is appointed Master of the King's Musick.
- William Croft returns to the Chapel Royal, where he had been educated, as a "gentleman organist".
- William Corbett becomes director of the New Theatre at Lincoln's Inn Fields.
- Johann Sebastian Bach becomes a chorister at St. Michael's Church, Lüneburg.
- Tomaso Albinoni is employed as a violinist by Fernando Carlo, Duke of Mantua.
- An inventory of musical instruments kept by Prince Ferdinando de Medici provides the first evidence for the existence of the pianoforte.
Published popular music
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- Tomaso Giovanni Albinoni – Sinfonie e concerti op. 2
- Johann Sebastian Bach
- Prelude and Fugue in D minor, BWV 549a
- Christ, der du bist der helle Tag, BWV 766
- John Blow – Amphion Anglicus
- Jacques Boyvin – Livre d'orgue II
- Sébastien de Brossard – O miraculum!, SdB.006
- Antonio Caldara
- La frode della castità
- Il trionfo dell'innocenza
- Choice Collection of Ayres for the Harpsichord or Spinnet by John Blow, Jeremiah Clarke, Francis Piggott, John Barrett and William Croft
- Jeremiah Clarke – Prince of Denmark's March (approximate date)
- Arcangelo Corelli – XII Suonati a violino e violone o cimbalo (Op. 5), published in Rome
- John Eccles – The Mad Lover
- Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer – Musicalischer Parnassus
- Godfrey Keller
- The Royal Trumpett-Suite
- 8 Trio Sonatas
- Johann Kuhnau – Musicalische Vorstellung einiger biblischer Historien (Biblical sonatas), published in Leipzig
- Johann Sigismund Kusser
- 6 Overture Suites 'Apollon Enjoué'
- 6 Overture Suites 'Festin des Muses'
- Isabella Leonarda – Motetti a voce sola con istromenti, Op.20
- Alessandro Scarlatti – Il rosignolo se scioglie il volo, H.318
- Carlo Agostino Badia – La costanza d'Ulisse
- André Campra – Hésione
- John Eccles – The Judgment of Paris
- Alessandro Scarlatti – Eracles
- Jacques Boyvin – Traité abrégé de l'accompagnement
- Johann Kuhnau – Der musicalische Quack-Salber
- Friedrich Erhardt Niedt – Musicalische Handleitung
- January 14 – Picander, librettist for Johann Sebastian Bach (died 1764)
- March 13 – Michel Blavet, flautist (died 1768)
- April 2 – Francesca Cuzzoni, opera singer (died 1770)
- January 16 – Antonio Draghi, opera composer (born c.1634)
- February 8 – Filippo Acciaiuoli, opera composer, librettist and manager (born 1637)
- June 6 – Wespazjan Kochowski, historian, poet and wek (born 1633)