This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1672.
- January 25 – London's Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, is destroyed by fire. The King's Company moves to the theatre at Lincoln's Inn Fields, which the rival Duke's Company left the previous year.
- June – Thomas Killigrew mounts another all-female production of his The Parson's Wedding with the King's Company. (The first occurred in 1664.) Beaumont and Fletcher's Philaster and Dryden's The Maiden Queen are also staged with all-women casts new prologues by Dryden for the productions.
- September 13 – John Bunyan is released after twelve years' imprisonment for preaching without a licence.
- December - John Dryden's play Marriage à la Mode first performed in London by the King's Company.
- The Mercure de France is first published under the title Mercure galant).
- Nicolás Antonio – Bibliotheca Hispana Nova
- Nicolas Denys – Description Géographique et Historique des Costes de l’Amérique Septentrionale (Description and Natural History of the Coasts of North America)
- Richard Cumberland – De legibus naturae (On natural laws)
- Melchor Fuster – Conceptos predicables
- Gadla Walatta Petros (Ethiopian hagiography in Ge'ez language)
- Nathaniel Hodges – Loimologia
- James Janeway – A Token for Children, Part 2
- John Milton – Art of Logic
- Pierre Nicole – A Discourse Against Plays and Romances
- César Vichard de Saint-Réal – Dom Carlos
- Anonymous – Emilia (adapted from the Costanza di Rosamondo of Aurelio Aureli)
- Anonymous – The Illustrious Slaves
- Pedro Calderon de la Barca
- Eco y Narciso
- El hijo del sol, Faetón
- La niña de Gómez Arias
- Thomas Corneille – Ariane
- John Dryden
- John Lacy – The Old Troop published
- Molière – Les Femmes Savantes
- Henry Nevil Payne – The Morning Ramble
- Jean Racine – Bajazet
- Thomas Shadwell
- Epsom Wells
- The Miser
- George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham – The Rehearsal published
- Miguel de Barrios – El coro de las musas
- January 18 – Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer, (died 1731)
- March – Sir Richard Steele, Irish dramatist, satirist and politician (died 1729)
- May 1 – Joseph Addison, English essayist, poet and politician (died 1719)
- August 2 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss paleontologist, historian and travel writer (died 1733)
- October 27 – Maria Gustava Gyllenstierna, Swedish writer (died 1737)
- June 14 – Matthew Wren, English scholar and cleric (born 1629)
- June 20 – Alonso Andrada, Spanish biographer and ascetic writer (born 1590)
- September 12 – Tanneguy Le Fèvre, French classicist (born 1615)
- September 16 – Anne Bradstreet, pioneering American female author (born c. 1612)
- November 21 – Robert Creighton, Scottish classicist, politician and bishop (born 1593)
- Howe, Elizabeth (1992). The First English Actresses: Women and Drama, 1660–1700. Cambridge University Press. pp. 57–8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Chadwyck-Healey Database of English Prose Drama (through 1750)". Retrieved 2011-03-16.
- Darnton, Robert; Roche, Daniel (1989). Revolution in Print: The Press in France 1775–1800. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 148. ISBN 0-520-06431-3.
- Wendy Laura Belcher: "Of Saints and Kings", History Today, November 2016.