This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1663.
- February – The Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres (Academy of the Humanities) is founded in Paris.
- February 24 – John Milton marries his third wife, Elizabeth Minshull, 31 years his junior, at St Mary Aldermary in the City of London.
- May 7 – The King's Company inaugurates its new theater, the first Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London, with a revival of Fletcher's The Humorous Lieutenant. The play succeeds and runs for twelve straight nights, unusual under the repertory system of the time.
- August – The Playhouse to Be Let, an anthology of work by Sir William Davenant, is performed at Lincoln's Inn Fields in London.
- December 1 – John Dryden marries Elizabeth, sister of Sir Robert Howard. Dryden and John Aubrey become Fellows of the Royal Society in the same year.
- Katherine Philips' translation of Pierre Corneille's Pompée is produced successfully at the Theatre Royal, Dublin (Smock Alley Theatre) in Ireland, as the first rhymed version of a French tragedy in English and the first English play written by a woman to be performed on a professional stage. It is published in Dublin and London later in the year.
- In the Electorate of Bavaria, a legal deposit law requires copies of all newly printed books to be deposited in the Bavarian State Library in Munich.
- In England, Roger L'Estrange is appointed Surveyor of the Imprimery and Printing Presses and licenser of the press.
- The Third Folio of Shakespeare's works are published by Philip Chetwinde in London, adding Pericles and six plays of Shakespeare Apocrypha to the canon.
- The Publication at Cambridge in the Massachusetts Bay Colony of the "Eliot Indian Bible" (Mamusse Wunneetupanatamwe Up-Biblum God) makes it the first complete Bible published in the Americas. The translation by the English-born Puritan missionary John Eliot of the Geneva Bible from English into the Massachusett language (Natic or Wômpanâak) variety of the Algonquian languages is printed by Samuel Green.
- Molière – La Critique de l'école des femmes
- John Spencer – A Discourse concerning Prodigies, wherein the vanety of Presages by them is reprehended, and their true and proper Ends asserted and vindicated
- Anonymous – The Wandering Whores' Complaint for Want of Trading (published)
- Miguel de Barrios – El Espanjol de Oran
- Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery – The General
- Pedro Calderón de la Barca
- El divino Orfeo
- El mágico prodigioso
- Henry Cary – The Marriage Night
- Abraham Cowley – The Cutter of Coleman Street
- William Davenant
- John Dryden – The Wild Gallant
- Andreas Gryphius
- Absurda Comica, oder Herr Peter Squentz
- Edward Howard – The Usurper (first performance; published 1667)
- James Howard – The English Monsieur
- Sir Robert Howard – The Committee
- "T. P." – A Witty Combat, or the Female Victor (once attributed to Thomas Porter)
- Thomas Porter – The Villain
- Richard Rhodes – Flora's Vagaries
- Sir Robert Stapylton
- The Stepmother
- The Slighted Maid
- Sir Samuel Tuke – The Adventures of Five Hours (adapted from Antonio Coello's Los empeños de seis horas)
- Abraham Cowley – Verses Upon Several Occasions
- Sir William Davenant – Poem, to the King’s most sacred Majesty
- February 12 – Cotton Mather, New England Puritan author and minister (died 1728)
- March 6 – Francis Atterbury, English man of letters and bishop (died 1732
- March 22 – August Hermann Francke, German theologian (died 1727)
- May 20 – William Bradford, American printer (died 1752)
- Unknown dates
- Probable year of birth – Delarivier Manley, English novelist, playwright and pamphleteer (died 1724)
- April 5 – John Norton, English religious writer (born 1606)
- April 17 – David Questiers, Dutch poet (born 1623)
- July 14 – Elizabeth Egerton, countess of Bridgwater, English essayist (childbirth, born 1626)
- October 31 – Théophile Raynaud, French theologian (born 1583)
- December 5 – Severo Bonini, Italian music writer (born 1582)
- Unknown date – Claude de Bourdeille, comte de Montrésor, French memoirist (born c. 1606)
- "Samuel Pepys Diary May 1663". Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 270. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "The Censorship of L'Estrange". The Cambridge History of English and American Literature. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
- Cousin, John William (1910). "Estrange, Sir Roger". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. Retrieved 2010-04-07.
- "The Eliot Indian Bible: First Bible Printed in America". Library of Congress Bible Collection. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. 2008. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- Retrieved 3 January 2017.