- The return to power of Charles II of England, with a triumphant entrance into London on May 29, results in the publication of numerous panegyrics and similar verse by English poets praising the monarch. However, the anti-monarchist John Milton is forced into hiding as a warrant for his arrest is in force until the summer and his writings are burned.
- Elias Ashmole, Sol in Ascendente; or, The Glorious Appearance of Charles the Second, upon the Horizon of London, in her Horoscopicall Sign, Gemini, anonymous, on Charles II, who entered London on May 29 this year
- Charles Cotton, A Panegyrick to the King's Most Excellent Majesty
- Abraham Cowley:
- Ode, Upon the Blessed Restoration and Returne of His Sacred Majestie, Charls, on Charles II, who entered London on May 29 of this year
- writing under the pen name "Ezekiel Grebner", a purported grandson of Paul Grebner, The Visions and Prophecies Concerning England, Scotland, and Ireland of Ezekiel Grebner, published this year, although the book states "1661"; a royalist political satire, in prose and verse
- Sir William Davenant:
- Sir Robert Howard, Poems
- John Phillips, Montelion, 1660; or, The Proheticall Almanack, published under the pen name "Montelion, knight of the oracle, a well-wisher to the mathematicks", a verse satire on William Lilly's almanacs
- Robert Wild, Iter Boreale
- John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester:
- Epicedia Academiæ Oxoniensis, a collection of poems offering condolence with the Queen Mother, Henrietta Maria, for the death of her daughter Mary, the Princess Royal; two poems in the collection have been attributed to John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester: a Latin poem, "In Obitum Serenissimae Mariae Principis Arausionensis," and an English poem, "To Her Sacred Majesty, the Queen Mother, on the Death of Mary, Princess of Orange."
- Editor, Britannia Rediviva Oxford: Excudebat A. & L. Lichfield, Acad. Typogr., anthology
- George Wither, Speculum Speculativum; or, A Considering-Glass
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- September 12 – Jacob Cats (born 1576), Dutch poet
- October 6 – Paul Scarron (born 1610), French poet, playwright and novelist
- date not known
- Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
- Lindsay, Alexander. "Cowley, Abraham". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6499. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Web page titled "John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester (1647 - 1680)" at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved April 11, 2009. Archived 2009-05-02.