- April – English poet Ben Jonson visits Scottish poet William Drummond of Hawthornden.
- c. October – Following the death of Samuel Daniel, Ben Jonson becomes Poet Laureate of the Kingdom of England (on Johnson's death in 1637 he is succeeded by William Davenant).
- Martin Opitz becomes the leader of the school of young poets in Heidelberg.
- Richard Braithwaite, writing under the pen name "Musophilus", A New Spring Shadowed in Sundry Pithie Poems
- Sir John Davies, Nosce Teipsum (see also Nosce Teipsum 1599, 1622)
- Michael Drayton, Idea
- Henry Hutton, Follie's Anatomie; or, Satyres and Satiricall Epigrams
- George Wither, Fidelia
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 21 – Anders Bording (died 1677), Danish poet and journalist
- March 6 – Cyrano de Bergerac (died 1655), French soldier and poet
- Moses Belmonte (died 1647), Spanish polyglot poet and translator
- Bedřich Bridel (died 1680), Czech baroque writer, poet and missionary
- William Chamberlayne (died 1703), English poet, playwright, physician and Royalist soldier
- Morgan Llwyd (died 1659), Welsh Puritan preacher, poet and prose writer
- Shalom Shabazi (died 1720), Jewish poet of Yemen
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- April 21 – Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz (born 1550), Polish rabbi, poet and Torah commentator
- October 14 – Samuel Daniel (born 1562), English Poet Laureate and historian
- Frei Agostinho da Cruz (born 1540), brother of Diogo Bernardes, Portuguese
- Probable year – Ginés Pérez de Hita (born 1544), Spanish novelist and poet
- Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
- Lucie-Smith, Edward, Penguin Book of Elizabethan Verse, 1965, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, United Kingdom: Penguin Books
- Preminger, Alex and T. V. F. Brogan, et al. (1993). The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. New York: MJF Books/Fine Communications.